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Table Of Contents

axially non-symmetrical
axial symmetry
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Calculation of the axial force
3.3 Empirical or approximate methods
3.3.1 Indirect measurement of axial force
3.3.2 Residual ampere-turn method
Franklin, 1983]
3.4 Two-dimensional methods
3.4.1 Two-dimensional method of images
representing the effect of the core
3.4.2 Two-dimensional graphical image method
3.5 Calculation using Fourier series
3.6 Methods using digital computers
3.6.1 Smythe’s solution
3.6.2 Rabin’s Solution
3.6.3 Solution by analogue computer
3.6.4 Image method with discrete conductors
3.6.5 Finite element method (FEM)
Method for outer winding
3.7 Discussion
3.8 Conclusion
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Prediction of radial electromagnetic forces
4.3 Elementary methods to calculate radial electromag-
4.4 Forces in the outer winding
4.4.1 Hoop stress in disk windings
4.5 Forces on the inner winding
4.6 Discussion
method for outer winding
4.7 Conclusion
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Axial model of power transformer windings
5.3 Dynamic axial model
5.4 Implementation of model
5.5 Conclusion
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Radial behaviour of windings
6.3 Radial model of a two-winding transformer
6.4 Kinetic energy of inner and outer disks
6.5 Strain (potential) energy
6.5.1 Potential energy of copper rings
6.5.2 Potential energy (PE) stored in pressboard ribs (radial spacers)
6.6 Generalized forces in radial direction
6.7 Modeling
6.8 Conclusion
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Physical properties of transformer board
7.3 Dynamic stress-strain test apparatus
7.3.1 Displacement and force sensors
7.4 Experimental procedure
7.5 Results
7.5.1 Stress-Strain properties at zero pre-stress
7.5.2 Stress-Strain properties at low pre-stress (1.42 N/mm2
7.5.3 Stress-Strain properties at low to medium pre-stress (4.3 N/mm2
7.5.4 Stress-Strain properties at medium pre-stress (7.1N/mm2
7.5.5 Stress-Strain properties at medium-high pre-stress (10 N/mm2
7.5.6 Stress-Strain properties at high pre-stress (14 N/mm2
stress strain characteristics at pre-stress value of 14 N/mm2
7.6.1 Mathematical model
pre-stress of 4.3 N/mm2
7.6.2 Damping
7.7 Discussion
7.8 Conclusions
8.4 Axial and radial models
8.5 Coupled dynamic model
8.6 Test transformer
8.7 Test setup and procedure
8.8 Simulated and measured results
of 14 N/mm2
8.9 Discussion
interfacing with the vertical spacers (pressboard)
8.10 Conclusions
Conclusion and recommendations
9.1 Conclusion
9.2 Recommendations for further research
Matlab source codes
A.1 Input code
A.2 Electromagnetic force
A.2.1 Smaller routines used in electromagnetic calculation
A.3 Code related to axial dynamic behaviour
A.4 Code related to radial dynamic behaviour
A.4.1 Code used in radial behaviour for position of displacement
Simulink models
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PhDThesis S Minhas

PhDThesis S Minhas

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Published by: morenmore1 on May 18, 2012
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