The Buddhist Publication Society
is an approved charity dedicated to makingknown the Teaching of the Buddha, which has a vital message for people of all creeds.Founded in 1958, the BPS has published a wide variety of books and book-lets covering a great range of topics. Its publications include accurate annotatedtranslations of the Buddha’s discourses, standard reference works, as well asoriginal contemporary expositions of Buddhist thought and practice. Theseworks present Buddhism as it truly is — a dynamic force which has influencedreceptive minds for the past 2500 years and is still as relevant today as it waswhen it first arose.Buddhist Publication SocietyP.O. Box 6154, Sangharaja Mawatha, Kandy, Sri Lankahttp://www.bps.lk
Printed Hardbound Copy:
A printed hardbound version of this book is avail-able from the Buddhist Publication Society; see the “Translations from the Pali”page at the BPS online bookshop at http://www.bps.lk.
Copyright revised, third, online edition. Copyright © 2011 Bud-dhist Publication Society.You may redistribute this PDF file in an unaltered form provided that: (1) youmust only make such unaltered PDF copies available free of charge; (2) youclearly indicate that any passages of this work reproduced into other publications(printed as well as digital) are derived from this source document. Otherwise,all rights reserved.
The BPS thanks all those who assisted with making this bookavailable in a digital as well as printed edition. This book is the result of thework of Mr John Bullitt of Access to Insight who initiated this digital edition,the several volunteers who helped him to convert the previous edition of this book to digital text, the other volunteers who helped the BPS with proofread-ing, Bhikkhu Nyanatusita, the BPS editor, who helped with and coordinated theproofreading, formatting, and typesetting, corrected the Pali, etc., and the workof the BPS typesetters Bhikkhu Sacramento Upatissa and Mr Nalin Ariyaratnawho skilfully typeset the text.