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INTERSECTION.ppt

INTERSECTION.ppt

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Published by: Harin Reddy Purumandla on May 18, 2012
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INTERPENETRATION OF SOLIDS
WHEN ONE SOLID PENETRATES ANOTHER SOLID THEN THEIR SURFACES INTERSECT
ANDAT THE JUNCTION OF INTERSECTION A TYPICAL CURVE IS FORMED,WHICH REMAINS COMMON TO BOTH SOLIDS.THIS CURVE IS CALLEDCURVE OF INTERSECTION
AND
IT IS A RESULT OF INTERPENETRATION OF SOLIDS.
PURPOSE OF DRAWING THESE CURVES:-
WHEN TWO OBJECTS ARE TO BE JOINED TOGATHER, MAXIMUM SURFACE CONTACT BETWEEN BOTHBECOMES A BASIC REQUIREMENT FOR STRONGEST & LEAK-PROOF JOINT.
Curves of Intersections being common to both Intersecting solids,show exact & maximum surface contact of both solids.
Study Following Illustrations Carefully.
 
Square Pipes.Circular Pipes.Square Pipes.Circular Pipes.Minimum Surface Contact.( Point Contact)(Maximum Surface Contact)
 Lines of Intersections. Curves of Intersections.
 
A machine component havingtwo intersecting cylindricalsurfaces with the axis atacute angle
to
each other.Intersection of a Cylindricalmain and Branch Pipe.Pump lid having shape of ahexagonal Prism andHemi-sphere intersectingeach other.Forged End of aConnecting Rod.A Feeding HopperIn industry.An Industrial Dust collector.Intersection of two cylinders.Two Cylindricalsurfaces.
SOME ACTUAL OBJECTS ARE SHOWN, SHOWINGCURVES OF INTERSECTIONS.BY WHITE ARROWS.
 
FOLLOWING CASES ARE SOLVED.REFFER ILLUSTRATIONSANDNOTE THE COMMONCONSTRUCTIONFOR ALL
1.CYLINDER TO CYLINDER2.2.SQ.PRISM TO CYLINDER3.CONE TO CYLINDER4.TRIANGULAR PRISM TO CYLNDER5.SQ.PRISM TO SQ.PRISM6.SQ.PRISM TO SQ.PRISM( SKEW POSITION)7.SQARE PRISM TO CONE (
from top
)8.CYLINDER TO CONE
COMMON SOLUTION STEPSOne solid will be standing on HPOther will penetrate horizontally.Draw three views of standing solid.Name views as per the illustrations.Beginning with side view draw threeViews of penetrating solids also.
On it’s S.V. mark number of points
 And name those(either letters or nos.)The points which are on standardgenerators or edges of standing solid,( in S.V.) can be marked on respectivegenerators in Fv and Tv. And otherpoints from SV should be brought toTv first and then projecting upwardTo Fv.
Dark and dotted line’s decision should
 be taken by observing side view from
it’s right side as shown by arrow.
 Accordingly those should be joinedby curvature or straight lines.
Note:Incase cone is penetrating solid Side view is not necessary.Similarly in case of penetration from top it is not required.

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