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Chapter 4: Adolescence and Adulthood

Chapter 4: Adolescence and Adulthood

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Published by James Morton
Ch. 4 Adolescence and Adulthood practice test
Ch. 4 Adolescence and Adulthood practice test

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Published by: James Morton on May 18, 2012
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12/08/2012

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Ch4DevelopingPersonMyers6th75
Q
1.Whenchildrengrowupandleavehome,mothersmostfrequentlyreportfeeling:a)depressed.b)bored.c)happy.d)anxious.2.Whichofthefollowingisanexampleofimprinting?a)A2-year-oldpoodleapproachesastrangerwhocallsit.b)A4-year-oldboyimitatesaggressionheseesontelevision.c)Aducklingdemonstratesattachmenttoabouncingball.d)A3-year-oldgirlissimultaneouslylearningtwodifferentlanguages.3.Aaronwasextremelyupsetwhenhismotherlefthimintheinfantnurseryatchurchandhewasnotreassuredorcomfortedbyherreturnashortwhilelater.Aaronshowedsignsof:a)egocentrism.b)habituation.c)conservation.d)assimilation.e)insecureattachment.4.Marlysisasensitive,responsiveparentwhoconsistentlysatisfiestheneedsofSara,herinfantdaughter.AccordingtoErikson,Saraislikelyto:a)formalifelongattitudeofbasictrusttowardtheworld.b)encountersomedifficultyinovercomingthelimitationofegocentrism.c)encountersomedifficultyinforminganattachmenttoherfather.d)achieveformaloperationalintelligencemorequicklythantheaveragechild.5.Interpretingnewexperiencesintermsofexistingschemasiscalled:a)egocentrism.b)assimilation.c)imprinting.d)attachment.e)accommodation.6.Piagetisbestknownforhisinterestintheprocessofdevelopment.a)motorb)socialc)cognitived)emotionale)physical7.Acriticalperiodisaphaseduringwhich:a)childrenfrequentlydisobeyandresisttheirparents.b)childrenbecomeabletothinkhypotheticallyandreason
abstractly,
c)parentsfrequentlyshowimpatiencewithachild'sslownessinbecomingtoilet-trained.d)certaineventshaveaparticularlystrongimpactondevelopment.8.Theheartbeginstobeatandtheliverbeginstomakeredbloodcellsduringtheperiodofprenataldevelopment.a)embryonicb)fetalc)zygoticd)ovular9.Carolresentstheburdensandconstraintsofcaringforherinfantdaughterandfrequentlyignoreshercriesforattention.Asaconsequence,herdaughterismostlikelytodisplaysignsof:a)egocentrism.b)accommodation.c)habituation.d)insecureattachment.e)conservation.10.Insteadofhappilyexploringtheattractivetoyslocatedinthepediatrician'Swaitingroom,littleSandratenaciouslyclingstohermother'sskirt.Sandramostclearlyshowssignsof:a)habituation.d)therootingreflex.b)egocentrism.e)objectpermanence.c)insecureattachment.11.Comparedtootherstheirownage,childrenwhoformapositiveself-conceptaremorelikelytobe:a)obedient.b)egocentric.c)sociable.d)habituated.12.Aftersuckingoneoftwodifferentlyshapedpacifiers,l-month-oldinfantshavebeenobservedtolooklongeratthenippletheyfeltintheirmouth.ThissuggeststhatPiaget:a)overestimatedthecontinuityofcognitivedevelopment.b)underestimatedthecognitivecapacitiesofinfants.c)overestimatedtheimpactofcultureoninfantintelligence.d)underestimatedtheimpactofobjectpermanenceoninfantattachment.
 
13.Aperson'saccumulationofstoredinformation,calledintelligence,generallywithage.a)fluid;decreasesb)fluid;increasesc)crystallized;decreasesd)crystallized;increases14.Thetermcriticalperiodrefersto:a)i.prenataldevelopment.c)thepreoperationalstage.b)theinitial2hoursafterachild'sbirth.d)arestrictedtimeforlearning.15.IncontemporaryWesternsocieties,adolescencetypicallybeginsinlifeandendsmlifethan
it
didinpreviouscenturies.a)earlier;earlierb)later;earlierc)earlier;laterd)later;later16.Aftermenopause,mostwomen:a)experienceanxietyandasenseofworthlessness.b)loseinterestinsex.c)secreteunusuallyhighlevelsofestrogen.d)gainalotofweight.e)feelanewsenseoffreedom.17.Comparedwithmales,femalesaremorelikelytobasetheirsenseofpersonalidentityontheir:a)gender.c)educationalaccomplishments.b)socialrelationships.d)sociallydistinctivepersonalitytraits.18./Whenplacedinstrangesituationswithouttheirartificialmothers,Harlow'sinfantmonkeysdemonstratedsignsof:..a)iiisecureattachment.b)egocentrism.c)basictrust.d)curiosity.19.Three-year-oldAngelahasahistoryofbeingsecurelyattachedtohermother.
It
ismostlikelythatAngela
IS:
-a)
unusuallyintelligentbutalsohighlyanxiotis:"'"b)easilyfrustratedandirritablewhenhermotherisabsent.c)preoccupiedwithmaintainingclosephysicalcontactwithhermother.d)outgoingandsuccessfulinherinteractionswithotherchildren.20.Eriksonsuggestedthattheadolescentsearchforidentityisfollowedbyadevelopingcapacityfor:a)competence.b)intimacy.c)autonomy.d)trust.21.Animpairedtheoryofmindismostcloselyassociatedwith:a)habituation.d)adolescence.b)crystallizedintelligence.e)autism.c)aninsecureattachment.22.Cindyunderstandsherworldprimarilybygraspingandsuckingeasilyavailableobjects.CindyisclearlyinPiaget'sstage.a)preoperationalb)concreteoperationalc)sensorimotord)formaloperational23.Peopleexperiencesurgingphysicalgrowthandsexualmaturationduring:a)lateadolescence.b)puberty.c)thepreoperationalstage.d)latechildhood.24.ElderlypeopleareNOTincreasinglysusceptibleto:a)pneumonia.b)Parkinson'sdisease.c)commoncoldviruses.d)dementia.25.Avoidingphysicalpunishmentistomoralityasgainingsocialapprovalisto_morality.
I
a)conventional;postconventionald)conventional;preconventionalb)preconventional;postconventionale)preconventional;conventionalc)postconventional;conventional
 
Comparedwithmen,women:a)useconversationtocommunicatesolutions.c)talkmoreopenlyb)emphasizefreedomandself-reliance.d)doalloftheabove.Sam,ajuniorinhighschool,regularlyattendschurchbecausehisfamilyandfriendsthinkheshould.WhichstageofmoralreasoningisSamin?a)preconventionalb)conventionalc)postconventionald)toolittleinformationtotellAftertheirgrownchildrenhavelefthome,mostcouplesexperience:a)thedistressofthe"emptynestsyndrome."b)increasedstrainintheirmaritalrelationship.c)botha.and
b.
d)greaterhappinessandenjoymentintheirrelationship.Giventhetextdiscussionoflifesatisfactionpatterns,whichofthefollowingpeopleislikelytoreportthegreatestlifesatisfaction?a)Billy,a7-year-oldsecond-graderb)Kathy,a17
-year-old
high-schoolseniorc)Alan,a30;_year-oldaccountant30.AccordingtoPiaget,apersonfirstcomprehendsthatdivisionisthereverseofmultiplicationduringthe____stage.a)preoperationalb)concreteoperationalc)formaloperationald)sensorimotorMaturationistoeducationasisto
----
a)accommodation;assimilationb)learning;experiencec)nature;nurtureInorderto
qualify
fortheofficemanager'sjob,55-yea~'':0IdPhyllismusttakeaseriesofpsychologicaltests.Herperformanceonthetestofislikelytobepoorerthanifshehadtakenitasa25-year-old.a)generalknowledgeb)spellingc)abstractreasoning33.Theleadingcauseofmentalretardation,,mayresultinbabieswhosemothersdrankalcoholheavilyduringpregnancy.a)hyperactivityb)fetalalcoholsyndromec)habituationd)embryonicdifferentiation34.Longitudinaltests:a)comparepeopleofdifferentages.b)studythesamepeopleatdifferenttimes.c)usuallyinvolvealargersamplethandocross-sectionaltests.d)usuallyinvolveasmallersamplethandocross-sectionaltests.e)arelessinformativethancross-sectionaltests.35.AccordingtoPiaget,theabilitytothinklogicallyaboutvisibleandtangibleeventsfirstdevelopsduringthestage.a)sensorimotorb)formaloperationalc)concreteoperationald)preoperationalSharoncanclearlysensewhenhersister'steasingisintendedtobefriendlyfunorahostileput-down.ThisbestillustratesthatSharonhasdeveloped
am):
a)senseofobjectpermanence.b)insecureattachment.
26.
27.
28.
29.31.32.
36.
d)Mildred,a70-year-oldretiredteachere)toolittleinformationtotelld)imprinting;criticalperiode)environment;learningd)vocabularye)verbalcomprehensionc)conceptofconservation.d)theoryofmind.

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