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Chapter 6: Perception

Chapter 6: Perception

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Published by James Morton
Chapter 6: Perception (Alpha AP Psych Practice Test)
Chapter 6: Perception (Alpha AP Psych Practice Test)

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Published by: James Morton on May 18, 2012
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01/20/2015

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Ch.6PerceptionMyers6th.75Q1.JohnLockeistoImmanuelKantasisto
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a)figure;groundd)experience;learningb)perception;sensatione)perceptualconstancy;perceptualadaptationc)nurture;nature2.Thequicksuccessionofbrieflyflashedimagesinamotionpictureproduces:a)retinaldisparity.d)convergence.b)thePonzoillusion.e)subliminalpersuasion.c)stroboscopicmovement.3.Whichofthefollowingisabinocularcuefortheperceptionofdistance?a)interpositionb)convergencec)closured)linearperspectivee)texturegradient4.Weperceivebrightobjectsasthandimobjectsanddimmerobjectsasthanclearobjects.a)closer;closerb)fartheraway;fartherawayc)closer;fartherawayd)fartheraway;closer5.Thehorizonmoonappearstoshrinkinsizeifitisviewedthroughanarrowtubethateliminatestheperceptionofdistancecues.Thisbestillustratestheimportanceof:a)relativeclarity.d)contexteffects.b)stroboscopicmovement.e)visualcapture.c)perceptualadaptation.6.Thestudyofperceptionisprimarilyconcernedwithhowwe:a)detectsights,sounds,andotherstimuli.c)developsensitivitytoillusions.b)senseenvironmentalstimuli.d)interpretsensorystimuli.7.Retinaldisparityreferstothe:a)tendencytoseeparallellinesascomingtogetherinthedistance.b)tendencytoseestimulithatareneareachotheraspartsofaunifiedobject.c)somewhatdifferentimagesourtwoeyesreceiveofthesameobject.d)extenttowhichoureyestumtowardeachotherwhenlookingatanobject.8.Whichofthefollowingillustratestheprincipleofvisualcapture?a)Wetendtoformfirstimpressionsofotherpeopleonthebasisofappearance.b)Becausevisualprocessingisautomatic,wecanpayattentiontoavisualimageandanyothersensationatthesametime.c)Wecannotsimultaneouslyattendtoavisualimageandanothersensation.d)Whenthereisaconflictbetweenvisualinformationandthatfromanothersense,visiontendstodominate.9.Whenlisteningtorockmusicplayedbackward,peopleoftenperceiveanevilmessageonlyifspecificallyforewarnedwhattolistenfor.Thisbestillustratesthedangersof:a)bottom-upprocessing.d)relativeclarity.b)featuredetection.e)perceptualset.c)thephiphenomenon.10.Theperceptionoftheletter
"t"
astwointersectinglinesratherthanasfournonintersectinglinesillustratestheprincipleof:a)convergence.b)proximity.c)closure.d)continuity.e)similarity.11.Thepredictionsofleadingpsychicsare:a)oftenambiguousprophecieslaterinterpretedtomatchactualevents.b)nomoreaccuratethanguessesmadebyothers.c)nearlyalwaysinaccurate.d)alloftheabove.
 
12.Researchwithdistortinggogglesbestsupportstheviewofhumanperceptionadvancedby:a)Locke.b)Freud.c)Kant.d)Aristotle.____processingreferstohowthephysicalcharacteristicsofstimuliinfluencetheirinterpretation.a).Top-downb)Bottom-upc)Parapsychologicald)Humanfactors14.Thelightsalongtherunwaywereshroudedinsuchathickfogthatthepilotofanincomingplanenearlyovershottherunway.Thepilotwasmostlikelymisledbythedistancecueknownas:a)interposition,d)relativeclarity.b)lightnessconstancy.e)linearperspective.c)convergence.15.Becauseshemistakenlythoughtshewasmuchclosertothemountainthansheactuallywas,Juneperceivedthemountaintobethanitactuallywas.a)higherb)smallerc)morerichlycolorfuld)larger16.
It
hasbeensuggestedthatexperiencewiththecomersofbuildingsandtherectangularshapesofacarpenteredworldmaycontributeto:a)thePonzoillusion.b)shapeconstancy.c)themoonillusion.17.Studiesofthevisualcliffhaveprovidedevidencethatmuchofdepthperceptionis:,/a)innate.c)innateinloweranimals,learnedinhumans.
\!
b)learned.d)innateinhumans,learnedinloweranimals.
18.
Whc!emphasizedthatperceptualunderstandingcomesfrominbornwaysoforganizingsensoryexperience?a)Kant,b)Aristotlec)LockedjFreud
l~;:c'clfyou
~k'IYbJ.ingyourfingertowardyourfaceuntiliceventuallytouchesyournose,eye-musclecuescalledconveydepthinformationtoyourbrain.a)retinaldisparityb)interpositionc)continuityd)proximitye)convergence20.Theprinciplesofcontinuityandclosurebestillustratethat:a)sensationsareorganizedintomeaningfulpatterns.b)perceptionisthedirectproductofsensation.c)culturalexperiencesshapeperception.d)visualinformationisespeciallylikelytocaptureourattention.21.Iftwoobjectscastretinalimagesofthesamesize,theobjectthatappearstobecloserisperceivedas____theobjectthatappearstobemoredistant.a)overlappingb)smallerthanc)largerthand)thesamesizeas22.Peopleaskedtojudgethedistancesofwhitedisksundereitherclearorfoggyconditions:a)estimatedthediskstobemoredistantwhenviewedunderclearconditions.b)estimatedthediskstobenearerwhenviewedunderclearconditions.c)tookatmosphericconditionsintoconsiderationandjudgedthediskstobeequallydistantunderthetwoviewingconditions.d)weremuchlessaccurateunderfoggyconditions.23.Afteraperiodofadjustmenttospeciallensesthatturnthevisualfieldupsidedown:a)afrogcouldaccuratelyretrieveflieswithitstongue.b)apigeoncouldeasilyflyoveraverylowfence.c)apersoncouldsuccessfullyreadabook.d)alltheabovecouldoccur.13.d)theMuller-Lyerillusion.e)sizeconstancy.
 
24.Humanfactorspsychologistswouldbemostlikelytoaidinthedesignof:a)computerkeyboards.c)protectiveclothing.b)weight-reductionprograms.d)classroommanagementtechniques.25.TheabilitytoperceivetheGreekletterpsiinthetextbookstereogramillustratestheimportanceof:a)convergence.d)texturegradient.b)interposition.e)perceptualadaptation.c)retinaldisparity.26.Whichofthefollowinginfluencesperception?a)biologicalmaturationc)expectationsb)thecontextinwhichstimuliareperceivedd)alloftheabove
27.
Juliahadbeenblindfrombirth.Immediatelyaftercorrectiveeyesurgery,shecouldvisuallyperceivefigure-groundrelationships.Thisfactwouldservetosupportthepositionadvancedby:a)Kant.b)parapsychologists.c)Aristotle.d)Locke.28.WhichofthefollowingstatementsconcerningESPistrue?a)MostESPresearchersarequacks.b)TherehavebeenalargenumberofreliabledemonstrationsofESP.c)MostresearchpsychologistsareskepticaloftheclaimsofdefendersofESP.d)TherehavebeenreliablelaboratorydemonstrationsofESP,buttheresultsarenodifferentfromthosethatwouldoccurbychance.
29.
Themoontypicallyappearslargernearthehorizonthanwhenhighinthesky.TheheightoftheGatewayArchin
S1.
Louistypicallyappearsgreaterthanitswidth.Explainthesetwoperceptualillusionsandshowhowyourexplanationsforbothillusionsaresimilar.30.Becausethetwoteamsworedifferent-coloreduniforms,Cheriperceivedthetenbasketballplayersastwodistinctgroups.Thisbestillustratestheprincipleofa)proximity.b)colorconstancy.c)closure.d)similarity.e)convergence.31.Relativeclarityisacuefordepthperceptioninwhichcloserobjects:a)createlargerretinalimagesthandodistantobjects.b)obstructourviewofdistantobjects.c)appearlowerinthehorizontalplanethandodistantobjects.d)appearclearerandmoredistinctthandodistantobjects.
32.
Ifanadult,blindfrombirth,gainstheabilitytosee,thatpersonwouldhavethegreatestdifficultyvisuallydistinguishing:a)circlesfromsquares.c)redfromgreen.b)thesunfromthemoon.d)awhitecloudfromthebluesky.33.Theinsensitivityofmanyrural
Africans
totheMuller-Lyerillusionprovesthatperception:a)islargelya"bottom-up"phenomenon.c)isinfluencedbyculturalexperience.b)isunpredictable.d)ischaracterizedbyalloftheabove.34.Theinfluenceofschemasonourinterpretationsofambiguoussensationsbestillustrates:a)shapeconstancy.d)thephiphenomenon.b)top-downprocessing.e)extrasensoryperception.c)visualcapture.
35.
Theextrasensoryabilitytoperceiveanautomobileaccidenttakingplaceinadistantlocationisto____astheextrasensoryabilitytoknowatanymomentexactlywhatyourbestfriendisthinkingisto
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a)telepathy;precognitionb)precognition;psychokinesisc)psychokinesis;clairvoyanced)clairvoyance;telepathy

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