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Chapter 12: Motivation

Chapter 12: Motivation

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Published by James Morton
Chapter 12: Motivation Alpha Ap Psych practice Test
Chapter 12: Motivation Alpha Ap Psych practice Test

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Published by: James Morton on May 18, 2012
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08/31/2014

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Chapter12:Motivation(6thEd)75Q1.Fewhumanbehaviorsaresufficientlyautomatictoqualifyas:a)needs.b)drives.c)instincts.d)incentives.2.Needsarecorrelatedwith
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a)positively;incentivesb)negatively;incentivesc)positively;drivesd)negatively;drives3.ManysexuallyactiveAmericanadolescentsfailtoavoidpregnancybecause:a)lowsexguiltinhibitsthecarefulplanningofcontraceptiveuse.b)theyareignorantconcerningbasichumanreproductivefunctioning.c)sexeducationcourseshaveactuallydiscouragedcontraceptiveuse.d)ofalltheabovereasons.4.Forathirstyperson,drinkingwaterservestoreduce:a)homeostasis.b)adrive.c)aninstinct.d)extrinsicmotivation.e)metabolicrate.5.Foraslongasshehasbeentheplantmanager,Juanitahaswelcomedinputfromemployeesandhasdelegatedauthority.Bill,inmanaginghisdepartment,takesamoreauthoritarian,iron-fistedapproach.Juanita'sstyleisoneofleadership,whereasBill'sisoneofleadership.a)task;socialb)social;taskc)directive;democraticd)democratic;participative6.BecauseBrentbelievesthathisemployeesareintrinsicallymotivatedtoworkforreasonsbeyondmoney,Brentwouldbedescribedasa(n)manager.a)directiveb)autocraticc)theoryXd)theoryY7.Inordertoencourageachievementmotivationintheclassroom,studentsshouldbetaughttoattributetheirgoodgradesto:a)theirownhardwork.b)theirownhighlevelofintelligence.c)theeasynatureofmostacademictasks.d)theirteachers'generousgradingstandards.e)theirparentseffectivesupervisionoftheirstudytime.8.Researchonthesexualresponsecycleindicatesthat:a)malesandfemalesexperienceasimilarrefractoryperiodfollowingorgasm.b)womenundergoadecreaseinphysiologicalarousalmoreslowlyiftheyhaveexperiencedorgasmthaniftheyhavenot.c)enoughspermmaybereleasedpriortomaleorgasmtoenableconception.d)duringtheresolutionphasesexualexcitementincreasesinfemalesbutdecreasesinmales.9.Thearousaltheoryofmotivationwouldbemostusefulforunderstandingtheaversiveeffectsof:a)extrinsicmotivation.b)sexualdisorders.c)hunger.d)boredom.e)anorexianervosa.10.Rodinfoundthat,inresponsetothesightandsmellofasteakbeinggrilled:a)overweightpeoplehadagreaterinsulinresponsethanpeopleofnormalweight.b)peopleofnormalweighthadagreaterinsulinresponsethanoverweightpeople.c)externalshadagreaterinsulinresponsethaninternals.d)internalshadagreaterinsulinresponsethanexternals.11.Isaac,a25-year-oldlawstudent,isheterosexual;hisbrotherChaim,a21-year-oldcollegesenior,ishomosexual.Thebrothersobviouslydifferintheir:a)genderidentity.b)sexualrole.c)sexualorientation.d)gendertype.e)genderschema.
 
12.Thesetpointis:a)thestageofthesexualresponsecyclethatoccursjustbeforeorgasm.b)thebodytemperatureofahealthyorganism,forexample,98.6degreesFinhumans.c)thepointatwhichenergyexpendituresfromexerciseandfrommetabolismareequal.d)thespecificbodyweightmaintainedautomaticallybymostadultsoverlongperiodsoftime.13.WithregardtotheincidenceofpremaritalsexualintercourseamongAmericansduringthe1940s,AlfredKinseyfoundthat:a)nearlyallmenandmostwomenreportedhavingpremaritalsexualintercourse.b)mostmenandnearlyhalfthewomenreportedhavingpremaritalsexualintercourse.c)mostmenbutveryfewwomenreportedhavingpremaritalsexualintercourse.d)veryfewindividualsofeithersexadmittedhavingpremaritalsexualintercourse.14.Researchonsexhormonesandhumansexualbehaviorindicatesthat:a)women'ssexualinterestsarenotcloselylinkedtothephasesoftheirmenstrualcycles.b)adultmenwhohavebeencastratedshowvirtuallynoreductioninsexdrive.c)sexualinterestsarearousedbydecreasedtestosteronelevelsinwomenandincreasedtestosteronelevelsinmen.d)imprisonedmalesexoffenderstypicallyexperiencelower-than-normaltestosteronelevels.15.Anorexianervosaistypicallycharacterizedby:a)anunusuallyhighrateofmetabolism.b)cyclicalfluctuationsbetweenextremethinnessandobesity.c)frequentmigraineheadaches.d)aninappropriatefearofbecomingobese.16.Anorexiapatientsaremostlikelytohaveparentswho:a)havephysicallyorsexuallyabusedtheirchildren.b)arehigh-achievingandprotective.c)havebeenrecentlyseparatedordivorced.d)areunconcernedaboutphysicalappearanceandbodyweight.17.Extrinsicmotivationrefersto:a)arigidlypatternedbehavioralurgecharacteristicofanentirespecies.b)aphysiologicalneedthattriggersarousal.c)astateofarousalthatistriggeredbyaphysiologicalneed.d)adesiretoperformabehaviorinordertoobtainpromisedrewardsoravoidthreatenedpunishment.e)thebody'sautomatictendencytomaintainaconstantinternalstate.18.Increasesinincreasehunger,whereasincreasesindecreasehunger.a)insulin;glucoseb)glucose;leptinc)leptin;orexind)orexin;insulin19.Recentevidencemakesapreliminarylinkbetweenhomosexualityand:a)latesexualmaturation.b)theageofanindividual'sfirsteroticexperience.c)atypicalprenatalhormones.d)earlyproblemsinrelationshipswithparents.e)alloftheabove.20.Describethecontrastingeffectsofdirectivemanagementandparticipativemanagementonemployeemorale.DiscussthesedifferencesintermsofMaslow'shierarchyofmotives.Explainwhytheeffectivenessofeachstylewoulddependonthepersonalitytraitsandculturalbackgroundoftheemployees.
 
21.Overthepast50years,Americanwomenhaveexpressedsatisfactionwiththeirphysicalappearanceandhaveexperienceda(n)incidenceofseriouseatingdisorders.a)increasing;decreasingc)decreasing;decreasingb)increasing;increasingd)decreasing;increasing22.Therefractoryperiodis:a)themomentbeforeorgasmduringwhichsexualarousalismaintainedatafairlyhighlevel.b)thestageofthesexualresponsecycleduringwhichsexualexcitationreachesitsclimax.c)thespanofthemonthlyfemalereproductivecycleduringwhichovulationoccurs.d)thetimespanafterorgasmduringwhichamalecannotbearousedtoanotherorgasm.23.Whichtheorywouldbemostlikelytopredictthatratsaremotivatedtoexplorepreciselythoseareasofanexperimentalmazewheretheyreceivemildelectricalshocks?a)arousaltheoryb)incentivetheoryc)instincttheoryd)drive-reductiontheory24.Onsomecollegefootballteams,playersarerewardedforoutstandingperformancewithagoldstarontheirhelmets.Thispracticebestillustratestheuseof:a)setpoints.b)intrinsicmotivation.c)incentives.d)participativemanagement.25.Withasingletransplantedgene,scientistscannowcausemaletodisplayhomosexualbehavior.a)ratsb)chimpanzeesc)dogsd)fruitflies26.About8monthsago,I4-year-oldShelleywentonadrasticweight-lossdietthatcausedhertodropfrom110to80pounds.Althoughsheisnowdangerouslyunderweightandundernourished,shecontinuestothinkshelooksfat.Herfrustratedfatherrecentlyforcedhertoeatapeanutbuttersandwich,butShelleyimmediatelywenttothebathroomandthrewitallup.Shelleymostclearlysuffersfrom:a)obesity.d)hypermetabolism.b)anabnormallylowsetpoint.e)anorexianervosa.c)bulimianervosa.27.Researchonsexualorientationindicatesthat:a)virtuallyallculturesinalltimeshavebeenpredominantlyheterosexual.b)homosexualityismorecommonamongwomenthanamongmen.c)comparedtoheterosexualwomen,lesbianwomenaremorelikelytodemonstratemasculinetraits.d)about10percentofmenareexclusivelyhomosexual.e)comparedtoheterosexualmen,homosexualmenaremorelikelytodemonstratefemininetraits.28.Withrespecttosexresearchandhumanvalues,thetextsuggeststhat:a)sexualactivityislargelyamedicalandbiologicalissue,notamoralissue.b)scientificmethodspreventsexresearchersfrombeinginfluencedbytheirownpersonalvalues.c)researchersshouldnotrevealtheirsexualvaluesbecausesexualstandardsareamatterofpersonaltaste.d)sexresearchandeducationshouldbeaccompaniedbyopenconsiderationofsexualvalues.29.Tworatshaveescapedfromtheircagesintheneurophysiologylab.Thetechnicianneedsyourhelpinreturningthemtotheirpropercages.Oneratisgrosslyoverweight;theotherisseverelyunderweight.Youconfidentlystatethattheoverweightratgoesinthe"-lesion"cage,whiletheunderweightratgoesinthe"-lesion"cage.a)hippocampus;amygdalab)amygdala;hippocampusc)lateralhypothalamus;ventromedialhypothalamusd)ventromedialhypothalamus;lateralhypothalamus

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