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Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders

Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders

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Published by James Morton
Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders Alpha AP psych practice test
Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders Alpha AP psych practice test

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Published by: James Morton on May 18, 2012
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04/11/2014

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Chapter15:PsychologicalDisorders(6thEd)75Q1.Whichofthefollowingstatementsconcerningthelabelingofdisorderedbehaviorsis
not
true?a)Labelsinterferewitheffectivetreatmentofpsychologicaldisorders.b)Labelspromoteresearchstudiesofpsychologicaldisorders.c)Labelsmaycreatepreconceptionsthatbiaspeople'sperceptions.d)Labelsmayinfluencebehaviorbycreatingself-fulfillingprophecies.2.Evidencesuggeststhatprenatalviralinfectionscontributeto:a)generalizedanxietydisorders.d)bipolardisorders.b)obsessive-compulsivedisorder.e)dissociativedisorders.c)schizophrenia.3.Learningtheoristshavesuggestedthatageneralizedanxietydisorderresultfrom:a)repeatedmisuseofalcohol,heroin,orotheraddictivedrugs.b)alackofeffectivechildhoodtraininginimpulsecontrol.c)exposuretounpredictableaversiveevents.d)ageneticallybasedpredispositiontofearunfamiliarobjectsorsituations.4.Accordingtothemedicalmodel,psychologicaldisordersare:a)sicknessesthatneedtobediagnosedandcured.b)maladaptiveresponsestoatroublingenvironment.c)purelyimaginarysymptomsofdistress.d)learnedhabitsthatneedtobeextinguished.5.Whenexpectingtobeelectricallyshocked,peoplewithanantisocialdisorder,ascomparedtonormalpeople,show:a)lessfearandgreaterarousaloftheautonomicnervoussystem.b)lessfearandlessautonomicarousal.c)greaterfearandgreaterautonomicarousal.d)greaterfearandlessautonomicarousal._~.6.GeorgeFredrickHandelcomposedhis
Messiah
duringthreeweeksofintense,creativeenergy.ManybelieveHandelsufferedamildformof:a)agoraphobia.b)dysthymicdisorder.c)dissociativedisorder.7.DSM-IVwouldbemostusefulfordecidingwhether:a)Karenisextremelyirrational.c)Kareemisexcessivelyextraverted.b)Katieischronicallydepressed.d)Maxisinsane.8.Whichofthefollowingwaspresentedinthetextasevidenceofbiologicalinfluencesonanxietydisorders?a)Identicaltwinsoftendevelopsimilarphobias.b)PETscansofpersonswithobsessive-compulsivedisorderrevealunusuallyhighactivityinanareaofthefrontallobes.c)Drugsthataffecttheneurotransmitterserotoninmaycontrolobsessivethoughts.d)Alloftheabovewerepresented.e)Noneoftheabovewaspresented.9.SuicideratesintheUnitedStatesareamongWhitesthanBlacksandamongmenthanwomen.a)higher;higherb)lower;lowerc)higher;lowerd)lower;higherd)bipolardisorder.e)schizophrenia.
 
20.
10.
Laura'shusbanddied3yearsago,butsheisstilldepressed.Hertherapistsuggeststhatsheisreallyangryatherhusbandforabandoningher.Thetherapist'sinterpretationreflectstheperspective.a)social-cognitiveb)humanisticc)psychoanalyticd)traite)biological
11.
DSM-IVismostlikelytobecriticizedfor:a)artemptingtoexplainbehaviorbysimplylabelingit.b)classifyinganexcessivelybroadrangeofhumanbehaviorsaspsychologicallydisordered.c)failingtobasediagnosesonobservablebehaviors.d)inhibitingscientificeffortstodiscovertheunderlyingcausesofpsychologicaldisorders.12.Elmer,theownerofanautoservicestation,suddenlybegansmashingthefrontfendersandhoodsoftwocustomers'cars.Whenaskedwhy,heexcitedlybutincoherentlyexplainedthathewastransformingthecarsinto"realracingmachines."Whenanemployeetriedtorestrainhim,heshoutedthateverybodywasfiredandquicklybeganbreakingthecarwindows.Elmerisexhibitingsymptomsof:a)adysthymicdisorder.b)catatonia.c)apanicattack.d)aphobia.e)mania.13.Aconditioninwhichanindividualisoverexcited,hyperactive,andwildlyoptimisticisknownas:a)paranoia.b)amanicepisode.c)apanicattack.d)catatonia.14.
An
antisocialpersonalitydisorderismostlikelytobecharacterizedby:a)delusionsofgrandeur.b)apersistent,irrationalfearofpeople.
d)
episodesofintenseautonomicnervoussystemarousal.;1d)disruptionsinconsciousawarenessandsenseofidentity.e)a11tckofguiltfeelings.15.Lowbirthweightisaknownriskfactorfor:a)antisocialpersonalitydisorder.b)dissociativeidentitydisorder.c)majordepressivedisorder.16.Bill,acollegestudent,complainsthathefeelsapprehensiveandfearfulmostofthetimebutdoesn'tknowwhy.Withoutwarning,hisheartbeginstopound,hishandsgeticy,andhebreaksoutinacoldsweat.Billmostlikelysuffersfroma(n):a)dysthymicdisorder.b)obsessive-compulsivedisorder.c)generalizedanxietydisorder.17.Mr.HuntbelievesthatheisthePresidentoftheUnitedStatesandthathewillsoonbecomethe"KingoftheUniverse."Mr.Huntismostclearlysufferingfrom:a)delusions.b)obsessions.c)hallucinations.d)dissociativeidentitydisorder.18.AnewspapereditorialistarguesthattheuseofDSM-IVdiagnosticlabelsisdestructivelyantidemocratic,becauseitenablesanelitecorpsofmenialhealthprofessionalstosubtlycontrolthevaluesandlifestylesoftherestofsociety.Firstgivereasonssupportingthisargument,thendefendthecontinueduseofdiagnosticlabels.19.Ingeneral,womenaremorevulnerablethanmentodisorderssuchas_a)active;anxietyb)passive;depressionc)active;antisocialconductd)passive;alcoholabuseWhichperspectivesuggeststhatdepressionisareactiontolossandtheinternalizationofunresolvedangertowardparents?a)social-cognitiveb)biologicalc)psychoanalyticd)learninge)humanisticd)obsessive-compulsivedisorder.e)schizophrenia.d)phobia.e)dissociativedisorder.
 
21.Manypsychologistsbelievethedisorganizedthoughtsofpeoplewithschizophreniaresultfromabreakdownin:a)selectiveattention.b)memorystorage.c)motivation.22.Differentiatebetweenantisocialpersonalitydisorder,dissociativeidentitydisorder,andschizophrenia.Whatrelationshipsmightexistbetweeneachdisorderandinsanity?23.Mrs.Swiftisalarmedbyherownpersistentandirrationalthoughtsofmurderingheryoungchildren.Herexperiencebestillustratestheagitatingeffectsofa(n):a)delusion.b)manicepisode.c)obsession.d)hallucination.e)panicattack.Mostmentalhealthworkerstodaytaketheviewthatdisorderedbehaviors:a)areusuallygeneticallytriggered.b)areorganicdiseases.c)arisefromtheinteractionofnatureandnurture.d)aretheproductoflearning.Forthepast6months,awomanhascomplainedoffeelingisolatedfromothers,dissatisfiedwithlife,anddiscouragedaboutthefuture.Thiswomancouldbediagnosedassufferingfrom:a)bipolardisorder.c)generalizedanxietydisorder.b)majordepressivedisorder.d)dissociativedisorder.26.Jordan'stherapistsuggeststhatJordandevelopedadissociativeidentitydisorderinordertomisbehavewithoutfeelingastrongsenseofpersonalshame.Thetherapist'ssuggestionmostdirectlyreflectsa____perspective.a)humanisticb)social-cognitivec)traitd)psychoanalytice)biologicalAsachild,Monicawascriticizedseverelybyhermotherfornotlivinguptoherexpectations.Thiscriticismwasalwaysfollowedbyabeatingwithawhip.Asanadult,Monicaisgenerallyintrovertedandextremelyshy.Sometimes,however,sheactsmorelikeayoungchild,throwingtantrumsifshedoesn'tgetherway.Atothertimes,sheisaflirting,happy-go-luckyyounglady.Mostlikely,Monicaissufferingfrom:a)phobicdisorder.c)dissociativeidentitydisorder.b)dissociativeschizophrenia.d)bipolardisorder.28.Researchsuggeststhatabnormallylowlevelsoftheneurotransmitternorepinephrinemaycontributeto:a)panicattacks.b)schizophrenia.c)depression.d)phobias.e)dissociativedisorders.Ageneralizedanxietydisorderischaracterizedby:a)offensiveandunwantedthoughtsthatpersistentlypreoccupyaperson.b)acontinuousstateoftension,apprehension,andautonomicnervoussystemarousal.c)hyperactive,wildlyoptimisticstatesofemotion.d)alternationsbetweenextremehopelessnessandunrealisticoptimism.e)achroniclackofguiltfeelings.30.Thosewithanarcissisticpersonalitydisorderarelikelytobepreoccupiedwith:a)anirrationalfearofpeople.d)theirownself-importance.b)delusionsofpersecution.e)sexualfantasies.c)physicalsymptomsofdistress.31.Behaviorisclassifiedasdisorderedwhenitis:a)atypical.b)maladaptive.c)unjustifiable.d)disturbing.e)alloftheabove.d)memoryretrieval.e)memoryencoding.
24.25.27.29.

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