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Add Math Project 2012

# Add Math Project 2012

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Published by: Jessy Yee on May 19, 2012

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05/19/2012

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PART 1
a)

b)

Polygon is defined as a closed, 2-dimensional shape made up of three or more straight linesegments connected end to end to end. Polygons have been known since ancient times. Theregular polygons were known to the ancient Greeks, and the pentagram, a non-convexregular polygon (star polygon), appears on the vase of Aristophonus, Caere, dated to the 7thcentury B.C.

Non-convex polygons in general were not systematically studied until the 14thcentury by Thomas Bredwardine. In 1952, Shephard generalized the idea of polygons to thecomplex plane, where each real dimension is accompanied by an imaginary one, to createcomplex polygons.c)

The four different methods of finding the area of a triangle is stated below:
Method 1:
hbIf you know base (b) and height (h) of the triangle, the following formula can be applied.Area = ½ x b x h
Method 2
:

a cbIf you know three sides (a, b and c) of the triangle,
Heron’s Method
can be applied.s = (a+b+c) / 2Area =
s (s-a) (s-b) (s-c)
Method 3:
a

b

If you know two sides (a and b) and the included angle (
),
the following formula can be applied.
Area = ½ x a x b x sin

Method 4:
If you know coordinate of the three vertices, the following formula can be applied.= ½ (x
1
y
2
+ x
2
y
3
+ x
3
y
1

–
x
2
y
1

–
x
3
y
2

–
x
1
y
3
)
Method 5:
If you know equation (y=mx+c) of the three lines, integration can be applied.Area = (mx
1
+ c) dx + (mx
2
+ c) dx - (mx
3
+ c) dx

PART 2
a)

Cost needed to fence the herb garden = RM20.00 per metre x 300m= RM6000.00b)

(Refer to Microsoft Excel attached.)c)

In order for the enclosed area to be maximum, the shape of the triangle must be equilateral.Therefore, the length of both p and q must be 100m.d)

(i) 50<p<150 and 50<q<150
(ii) p α 1/q
bA C

c aB(iii) A
2
= B
2
+ C
2

–

2 x B x C x cos (a). This theorem is known as ‘Cosine Rule’.

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