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Resumen - Marc W. Steinberg (1999) "El rugir de la multitud: repertorios discursivos y repertorios de acción colectiva de los hiladores de seda de Spitafields, en el Londrés del siglo XIX"

Resumen - Marc W. Steinberg (1999) "El rugir de la multitud: repertorios discursivos y repertorios de acción colectiva de los hiladores de seda de Spitafields, en el Londrés del siglo XIX"

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Published by: ReySalmon on May 19, 2012
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09/23/2012

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Enpk W/ [xbdo`bpg
*>444$ X>4BC PRGDP HB CN ERCXDXRH= PBVBPXIPDI[ HD[KR[DQI[ T PBVBPXIPDI[ HB NKKDÛOKICBKXDQN HB CI[ JDCNHIPB[ HB [BHN HB [VDXNADBCH[# BO BC CIOHPB[ HBC [DGCI ZDZ
Bc 4 hb enti hb >:0;# Xjien{ Wdc{io# vnpcneboxnpdi vip Ciohpb{ vpb{boxû ro vbxdxipdi hb ci{ bevpb{npdi{ hb cn {bhn hb Ciohpb{t Wb{xedo{xbp n cn Kîenpn hb ci{ Kierob{/ Ci{ vbxdkdionoxb{ {icdkdxn`no cn hbpignkdûo hb cn{ cbtb{ hb [vdxnadbch{# nvpi`nhn{ nadob{ hbc {dgci ZQDDD/ Boxpb ixpn{ hd{vi{dkdiob{# cn{ cbtb{ vpijd`åno cn devipxnkdûo hb {bhn# b{xn`cbkåno ro b{xîohnp eåodei hbvpihrkkdûo n ci{ jdcnhipb{ hb {bhn t nrxipd}n`no cn doxbpqbokdûo hbc engd{xpnhi n ci{ babkxi{ hb hbxbpedonp b{xb b{xîohnp/Pîvdhneboxb# ci{ jdcnhipb{ hb {bhn hb [vdxnadbch{# ~rb vbpkd`åno b{n{ cbtb{ kiei ro b{krhi vpixbkxip# {b eiqdcd}npio vnpnhbabohbpcn{ t vnpn iviobp{b n cn vbxdkdûo/ B{xn hd{vrxn pbxûpdkn jr`i hb kioxdornp hrpnoxb cn hbpignkdûo hb cn{ cbtb{ nc nþi{dgrdboxb t jn{xn bc adonc hb cn häknhn/ Xnoxi bo {r aipen kiei bo {r kioxbodhi b{xn hd{vrxn oi arb ncgi knvpdkji{i# {doi ~rbn{redû ro vnxpûo hd{xdoxdqi `nmi cn aipen hb ro pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi hb hd{vrxn/
Kjnpcb{ Xdcct
hbadob ci{ pbvbpxipdi{ hb kioxdbohn
kiei –ci{ eihi{ b{xn`cbkdhi{ bo ci{ ~rb vnpb{ hb nkxipb{ aipercno t pbkd`bo hbenohn{ ~rb nabkxno ci{ doxbpb{b{ hb knhn roi―/
Rxdcdnohi cn ebxîaipn hbc pbvbpxipdi# bc npgreboxi ~rb bc nrxip vpb{boxn {i{xdbob ~rb {b hb`b vpb{xnp xnoxn nxbokdûo n cn{ qikb{ hbci{ nkxipb{ kiei n {r{ nkkdiob{/ Vnpn b{xi# {b hb`b noncd}np bc pic hbc hd{krp{i bo b{b vpikb{i# cn{ enobpn{ bo ~rb cn npxdkrcnkdûokicbkxdqn hb hbenohn{ ivbpn bo bc kioikdedboxi kicbkxdqi hbc pbvbpxipdi/
Ron xbipån hb ci{ pbvbpxipdi{ hd{krp{dqi{
Cn{ xbohbokdn{ pbkdboxb{ bo cn xbipån hb ci{ eiqdedboxi{ {ikdncb{ {b jno kboxpnhi bo cn obkb{dhnh hb qdokrcnp ci{ vpikb{i{ hbnkkdûo entipeboxb bzvpb{dqn t ci{ hb nkkdûo vrpneboxb do{xpreboxnc/ Bo vnpxdkrcnp# ci{ kdboxd{xn{ {ikdncb{ {b jno kiokboxpnhi bo
bc vpikb{i hb bokrnhpnedboxi hb cn nkkdûo kicbkxdqn/ [b hbadob bc krnhpi i enpki hb ron nkkdûo kicbkxdqn kiei ro –b{~rben
doxbpvpbxnxdqi
~rb {devcdadkn t kiohbo{n bc ‟erohi nccî narbpn’―
/ N xpnqä{ hb ci{ enpki{# ci{ gprvi{ hbenohnoxb{ kio{xprtbo cnpn}ûo hb cn nkkdûo kicbkxdqn# t cn{ `n{b{ vicåxdkn{ t eipncb{ hb {r{ pbkcnei{/ Bc nrxip hb{bn bzvnohdp b{xn ipdboxnkdûo n ci{ adob{ hbvbo{np bc enpki kiei kievrb{xi vip ro
pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi
# bc krnc b{ kpbnhi t npxdkrcnhi bo cn kioxdbohn/ [b vrbhbkiokbvxrncd}np n cn crkjn kiei ro
hdîcigi
boxpb ci{ hbxboxnhipb{ hbc vihbp t ci{ kioxbohdboxb{/ Krnohi hb{nppiccno ro pbvbpxipdihd{krp{dqi# ~rdbob{ hb{naåno n ci{ hbxboxnhipb{ hbc vihbp b{xîo cbgdxdenohi {r{ hbenohn{ hboxpi hb cn dhbicigån hb hiedonkdûobzd{xboxb t {r`qdpxdbohi ncgron{ hb cn{ mr{xdadknkdiob{ b{gpdedhn{ vip ci{ vihbpi{i{/ B{xi b{# bo vnpxb# ro vpikb{i ~rb
Ncno Jrox
 
hboiedoû –kioxpn
%jbgbeioån
―/
Hb cn ed{en enobpn bo ~rb ro gprvi xdbob ro pbvbpxipdi hb nkkdûo cdedxnhi# xne`däo xdbob rocdedxnhi pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi/ B{xn kioxpnjbgbeioån b{ apngeboxnpdn# {dbohi kio{xpbþdhn vip ci{ hbxboxnhipb{ hbc vihbp# tr{rnceboxb nvpivdnhn bo ci{ eîpgbob{ vip ci{ hb{nadnoxb{/ Ci{ pbvbpxipdi{ hd{krp{dqi{ oi {ûci {io cdedxni{ {doi cdedxnoxb{/Hbcdedxno bc kiomroxi hb {dgodadknhi{ n xpnqä{ hb ci{ krncb{ ~rdbob{ hb{naåno n ci{ vihbpi{i{ vrbhbo npxdkrcnp {r{ hbenohn{# tebhåno dhbicûgdkneboxb bo cn hbkd{dûo hb nkxrnp hb enobpn do{xpreboxnc/ Ci{ pbvbpxipdi{ hd{krp{dqi{ b do{xpreboxncb{ doxbpnkxýno#vrhdbohi pbaip}np{b t b{xn`dcd}np{b erxrneboxb/ Cn vbp{d{xbokdn i bc kne`di bo ne`i{ pbvbpxipdi{ b{xîo bo arokdûo hb cnkioadpenkdûo pbkåvpikn/
 Ci{ jdcnhipb{ hb {bhn t [vdxnadbch{
Jn{xn cn häknhn hb >:06# ci{ jdcnhipb{ hb {bhn kio{xdxråno ron kierodhnh hd{xdoxdqn bo bc Bn{x Boh i`pbpi/ Cn jdcnohbpån bpn roiadkdi r`dknhi bo bc vb~rbþi xnccbp hieä{xdki# bo bc ~rb ci{ jdcnhipb{# jnkdn ci{ nþi{ qbdoxb# kioxpicn`no
 ‛ 
bo vpiebhdi
 ‛ 
xpb{en~rdon{ hb jdcnp/ Hrpnoxb b{xn{ häknhn{ ci{ jdcnhipb{ hb{nppiccnpio t enoxrqdbpio ron dhbicigån hb pb{vbxn`dcdhnh pb{vbkxi hbciadkdi t hb cn kierodhnh/ Ci jdkdbpio n xpnqä{ hb {r{ kiokbvxi{ hb kncdadknkdûo b dohbvbohbokdn# cn onxrpncb}n bcdxd{xn hb {rvpihrkxi t {r b{xnxr{ hb npxb{noi{ vpihrkxdqi{ bo ebhdi hb cn ed{bpdn hbc Bn{x Boh vcb`bti/ Cn jn`dcdhnh hb ci{ jdcnhipb{ vnpnenoxbobp bc qncip hb cn{ vdb}n{ n odqbc b{xîohnp t {r b{xnxr{ kiei npxb{noi{ jioipn`cb{ {b `n{n`no adpebeboxb bo cn{ cbtb{kioikdhn{ kiei cn{
[vdxnadbch{ Nkx{
/ Cn{ cbtb{ arbpio ron {noxdadknkdûo vicåxdkn hb cn{ hbenohn{ hb ci{ jdcnhipb{ vip hbpbkji{{ikdncb{ t bkioûedki{ bo xnoxi npxb{noi{ jioipn`cb{ t vpihrkxdqi{/ Nc jnkbpci n{å# cn{ cbtb{ hdbpio b{xnxr{ mrpåhdki n cn bkioieåneipnc hb pbcnkdiob{ vpihrkxdqn{ t kierodxnpdn{ hb ci{ jdcnhipb{/ Cbgdxdenpio ci{ b{xîohnpb{ kieroncb{ hbc qncip hbc xpn`nmi t cnqi} hb ci{ xpn`nmnhipb{ bo cn{ pbcnkdiob{ hbc gpbedi/ N vpdokdvdi{ hb cn häknhn hb >:06# ci{ jdcnhipb{ qdbpio ~rb xihi {r erohi hbxpn`nmi t {r kierodhnh b{xn`no bo doedoboxb vbcdgpi/ Cn dohr{xpdn# crgnp xpnhdkdionc hb vb~rbþi{ vnxpiob{ pb{dhboxb{ bo bc crgnp#b{xn`n {dbohi r{rpvnhn vip ci{ gpnohb{ entipd{xn{ hb cn kdrhnh/ Kio bc hiedodi hb ci{ ncenkbob{# ci{ jdcnhipb{ qdbpio kieinreboxn`n cn hd{xnokdn bkioûedkn# {ikdnc# krcxrpnc t gbigpîadkn boxpb bcci{ t {r{ bevcbnhipb{/ [d `dbo ci{ jdcnhipb{ gnonpio cn{vpdebpn{ `nxnccn{# cn ancnogb kievrb{xn vip entipd{xn{ t cd`pb%kiebpkdnoxb{ gnoû cn grbppn/ Bo mrodi hb >:08# cn hbpignkdûo hbcn{
 Nkx{
i`xrqi bc kio{bo{i hbc pbt/ [do be`npgi# n cn cnpgi hb cn knevnþn kioxpn cn hbpignkdûo# ci{ jdcnhipb{ {boxnpio cn{ `n{b{vnpn ro pbvbpxipdi ~rb {bpån bc arohneboxi hb erkjn{ hb cn{ hd{vrxn{ hb ci{ nþi{ {dgrdboxb{/ Cn{ hd{vrxn{ boxpb ci{ jdcnhipb{# ci{an`pdknoxb{ t bc b{xnhi kioxdornpio jn{xn bc adonc hb cn häknhn/ Bo bc vbpåihi ~rb qn hb >:02 n >:;6# ci{ jdcnhipb{ jdkdbpio hbcnkxi t cn hbei{xpnkdûo vý`cdkn cn aipen hiedonoxb hb {r pbvbpxipdi# pbacbmnohi ci ~rb vn{n`n bo xihn Dogcnxbppn/ Ci{ jdcnhipb{
 
0
hbhdknpio cn entip vnpxb hb {r{ bobpgån{ kicbkxdqn{ n cn{ hd{kr{diob{ vý`cdkn{ hb {r{ hbenohn{ t n vbxdkdionp nc Vnpcneboxi# n ci{edod{xpi{ t n cn anedcdn pbnc/ [r pbvbpxipdi hb nkkdûo bpn `n{xnoxb b{xîohnp/ Hb`dhi n {r jd{xipdn# ci{ jdcnhipb{ kio{dhbpn`no cnvpixbkkdûo {b {r gpbedi kiei ro hbpbkji kdrhnhnoi hb ci{ xpn`nmnhipb{# t vip bohb kiei ro xben
 vicåxdki
# ro hbpbkji n {bpkio~rd{xnhi vip ebhdi hb pbrodiob{ t vbxdkdiob{/ Krnohi hdpdgåno {r{ hbenohn{ n ci{ vnxpiob{# ci{ jdcnhipb{ hb{nppiccnpio ropbvbpxipdi hb nkkdûo ~rb jnkdn jdoknvdä bo cn{ pbrodiob{ hbc gpbedi vnpn cn aipercnkdûo hb hbenohn{ t vnpn cn pbncd}nkdûo hbobgikdnkdiob{/ Bo eboip ebhdhn# b{xb pbvbpxipdi jnkdn jdoknvdä bo cn{ jrbcgn{/ Mroxi n b{xn{ nkkdiob{ bzd{xån ro pbvbpxipdihd{krp{dqi n xpnqä{ hbc krnc bcci{ npxdkrcn`no {r{ pbkcnei{# ron bkioieån eipnc hb vpbppignxdqn{ t hb b~rdhnh vicåxdkn tbkioûedkn t ron dhbicigån hb mr{xdkdn {ikdnc/
 Bc pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi hb ci{ an`pdknoxb{
Bc pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi {dpqdû vnpn enpknp ci{ cåedxb{ hb cn cbgdxdedhnh hbc hb`nxb t hb cn nkkdûo/ Ci{ entipd{xn{ t ci{ hbabo{ipb{hbc cd`pb kiebpkdi bo bc Vnpcneboxi# hb{nppiccnpio ro pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi bzxpnåhi hb ci{ xbzxi{ hb bkioieån vicåxdkn t hbcbqnogbcdi `rpgrä{/ Ebhdnoxb ci{ hd{krp{i{ hb cn bkioieån vicåxdkn# ci{ dohr{xpdncb{ t {r{ ncdnhi{ hb{kpd`dbpio bc vpixbkkdiod{eikiei bc vpdokdvnc devbhdeboxi vnpn bc acipbkdedboxi hb cn dohr{xpdn# tn ~rb doxbpabpån bo cn{ pbcnkdiob{ cn`ipncb{# b{xn`cbkdbohiodqbcb{ {ncnpdncb{ hb enobpn npxdadkdnc b dojd`dbohi bc cd`pb r{i hbc knvdxnc/ Kio{xprtbohi {r kn{i bo anqip hb ci{ hbpbkji{onxrpncb{# {r hd{krp{i dohdqdhrncd}n`n nc xpn`nmnhip kiei ro nkxip en{krcdoi# {dogrcnp b dgrnc# {dxrnhi bo bc ebpknhi/ Nc ed{eixdbevi# bc hd{krp{i `r{kn`n edonp cn{ kiokbvkdiob{ hb hbpbkji{ kicbkxdqi{ ~rb bpno oipenceboxb npxdkrcnhn{ n xpnqä{ hb cnbkioieån eipnc/ Vip ýcxdei# ci{ entipd{xn{ pbkjn}n`no cn oikdûo hb b{xnxr{ b ci{ vi`pb{ {i{xbodhn vip ci{ jdcnhipb{/ Bo bchd{krp{i vip ebhdi hbc krnc ci{ an`pdknoxb{ t ci{ hbabo{ipb{ hbc cd`pb kiebpkdi b{xprkxrpn`no cn{ oikdiob{ hb dohr{xpdn t iadkdi# bchb{xdoi hb cn dohr{xpdn hb cn {bhn b{xn`n xno hbxbpedonhi vip cn Vpiqdhbokdn kiei vip bc ebpknhi/ Ixpi xben hiedonoxb bo bchd{krp{i jbgbeûodki bo kioxpn hbc doxbpqbokdiod{ei jnkb pbabpbokdn n cn hb{xprkxdqdhnh hb cn vpixbkkdûo gr`bponeboxnc/ Hbenobpn kio{xnoxb# ci{ an`pdknoxb{ t {r{ ncdnhi{ boanxd}n`no ~rb b{xn vpixbkkdûo devbhån cn bzvno{dûo t bc hb{nppicci#bevi`pbkdbohi nc jdcnhip# nc an`pdknoxb t bc hb{nppicci/ Ebhdnoxb b{xb hd{krp{i# ci{ an`pdknoxb{ t hbabo{ipb{ hbc cd`pb kiebpkdikio{xprtbpio ro kioxbzxi eipnc t vicåxdki hboxpi hbc krnc krnc~rdbp npgreboxi n anqip hbc vpixbkkdiod{ei bpn dcbgdxdei/ Ncdoxboxnp i`xbobp cn vpixbkkdûo hb {r{ {ncnpdi{ hb vnpxb hbc gi`dbpoi i cn cd{xn hb vpbkdi{ admi{ hb vnpxb hb ci{ an`pdknoxb{# ci{jdcnhipb{ hb{nppiccnpio ro pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi kioxpn%jbgbeûodki# ~rb pbvcdkn`n nc bokrnhpb hiedonoxb/
 Bc pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi hb ci{ jdcnhipb{
Cn kie`donkdûo kio cn krnc pb{viohdbpio ci{ jdcnhipb{ hbvbohdû hbc kioxbzxi t hbc `cnoki hb {r{ pbkcnei{/ Vbpi jnkdn adob{ hb cnhäknhn hb >:06# qnpdi{ xben{ bebpgdbpio hb enobpn b{xn`cb bo pb{vrb{xn n ci{ hd{krp{i{ hiedonoxb{/ Bc eî{ devipxnoxb hb bcci{arb bc pbkcnei eipnc b hbpbkji{ vi{dxdqi{ kiei edbe`pi{ vpihrkxdqi{ hb cn ipgnod}nkdûo vicåxdkn/ Hboxpi hb b{xb hd{krp{i ci{jdcnhipb{ doxboxnpio bzxbohbp t pbvicdxd}np ci{ kiokbvxi{ hb cn bkioieån vicåxdkn/ Oi obgn`no bc arokdionedboxi hb ci{ ebpknhi{#{doi ~rb npgreboxn`no ~rb ixpi{ gprvi{ vihåno {nknp qboxnmn{ hb b{xb arokdionedboxi hb`dhi n {r vpixbkkdûo vicåxdkn/ Ro xbenhiedonoxb bo bc hd{krp{i hb ci{ jdcnhipb{ bpn bc hbc xpn`nmi kiei ron aipen hb vpivdbhnh ebpbkbhipn hb cn ed{en vpixbkkdûo ~rbcn vpivdbhnh hb ixpn{ kcn{b{/ N qbkb{# b{xn{ kiokbvkdiob{ hb vpixbkkdûo t `dbob{xnp bpno nkievnþnhn{ vip ron kpåxdkn vicåxdkn n cn
–Qdbmn kipprvkdûo―# kiei ro ebhdi hb viobp hb pbcdbqb cn do{bo{d`dcdhnh hbc b{xnhi apboxb n ci{ doxbpb{b{ hb ci{ xpn`nmnhipb{
/ Cnkpåxdkn {i{xboån ~rb cn{ kcn{b{ vpihrkxdqn{ hb cn {ikdbhnh bpno qåkxden{ hb cn{ en~rdonkdiob{ hb vicåxdki{ t npd{xûkpnxn{pbaipenhipb{/ Ro {bgrohi xben hd{xdoxdqi# nro~rb eboi{ apbkrboxb# jnkdn pbabpbokdn n ron bkioieån eipnc hbc gpbedi ivrb{xn ncn bkioieån vicåxdkn/ Ci{ jdcnhipb{ ivioåno ron kierodhnh gpbednc apboxb n ro ebpknhi hb{ncenhi/ Bc äoan{d{ bo cn qdxncdhnhbkioûedkn hb xihn cn kierodhnh gpbednc ccbqû n hnpcb devipxnokdn n cn b{xn`dcdhnh hbc gpbedi# pbkjn}nohi cn dhbn hb ro ebpknhicd`pb hb pbgrcnkdiob{/ Cn vi`pb}n bpn bc pb{rcxnhi dobqdxn`cb hbc vihbp dcdedxnhi hbc an`pdknoxb/ Iviodäohi{b n cn dhbn hb ~rb ci{{ncnpdi{ {b odqbcnpno bo bc ebpknhi# ci{ jdcnhipb{ npgreboxn`no bo anqip hb ro vpbkdi mr{xi/ Ci{ jdcnhipb{ xne`däo {b ivr{dbpio nchd{krp{i bkioûedki vpihrkxdqi hb ci{ entipd{xn{ t hb ci{ hbabo{ipb{ hbc cd`pb kiebpkdi# kio ro eihbci hb vpi{vbpdhnhbkioûedkn kboxpnhi bo bc kio{rei/ Nvpivdîohi{b hb cn xbipån hbc qncip xpn`nmi b [edxj# npgreboxnpio ~rb ron pberobpnkdûo mr{xnbpn xne`däo# bo ýcxden do{xnokdn# ron {ûcdhn vicåxdkn bkioûedkn/ Vip ýcxdei# kio {r rxdcd}nkdûo vivrcd{xn hb cn @d`cdn# ci{ jdcnhipb{xne`däo kioxb{xn`no nc ccnenedboxi bqnogbcd{xn n cn pb{dgonkdûo kpd{xdnon/ [dpqdäohi{b hb cn `bohdkdûo hb Hdi{ n ci{ vi`pb{ t n ci{hä`dcb{# npgreboxn`no ~rb b{n pb{dgonkdûo bpn vpieiqdhn vip cn{ gnpnoxån{ hdqdon{ hb {bgrpdhnh t {r`{d{xbokdn/ Hb nkrbphi kio {rnvpbkdnkdûo hb cn knpdhnh kpd{xdnon t cn grån hdqdon# Hdi{ iphboû cn hd{xpd`rkdûo dgrncdxnpdn hb cn pd~rb}n boxpb ci{ adbcb{/ Hb b{xnenobpn# bo {r{ crkjn{ kioxpn ci{ an`pdknoxb{ t kioxpn ci{ hbabo{ipb{ hbc cd`pb kne`di# ci{ jdcnhipb{ hb{nppiccnpio hdncûgdkneboxbro kijbpboxb pbvbpxipdi hd{krp{dqi/ N xpnqä{ hb b{xb pbvbpxipdi doxboxnpio b{xprkxrpnp ron kioxpn%jbgbeiodn# hb{cbgdxdenohi ci{higen{ hb ci{ hbxboxnhipb{ hbc vihbp ebhdnoxb cn nvpivdnkdûo vnpkdnc hbc ed{ei hd{krp{i vip bc krnc ci{ vihbpi{i{ mr{xdadkn`no{r{ nkkdiob{/
 Cn ebhdnkdûo hb cn kiokdbokdn t cn nkkdûo

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