Carbonyl Compound: Aldehydes and Ketones
Roque, Jason R.Frias, Abigail Pauline F.De Ramos, Jason Jalou
Bachelor of Science in Biology – Major in Human BiologyCollege of ScienceDe La Salle University – DasmariñasDasmariñas, Cavite, Philippines ABSTRACTIn this experiment the solubility and reactions of different aldehydes and ketoneswere tested and seen. 5 drops of acetone, acetaldehyde, benzaldehyde andcyclohexanone were prepared in separate test tubes. The samples were added 5 drops of water and sodium hydroxide each test tube in different set ups. cyclohexanone andacetone were found to be soluble in water and none of any compounds were soluble insodium hydroxide. In 2,4-DNP tests, 1ml of 95% ethanol and 1mL 2,4-DNP were added ineach sample. All compounds resulted to a bright yellow or orange precipitate that showedthe carbon-oxygen double bond in aldehyde and ketone. In Tollen's test, 2ml Tollen'sreagent was added in each sample and was kept for 10 minutes. In this test the oxidationwill determine the presence of aldehyde and ketone. Only acetaldehyde andbenzaldehyde were oxidized. In Iodoform test, 2ml of distilled water was added to thesample, placed inside the water bath with the temperature of 60 for several minutes thenthe Iodoform reagent was added. This test was done to determine the presence of CH3CO in aldehyde and ketone. Only aldehyde and acetone were positive in this test. Another test to determine the oxidation reaction was the Jone's test where 4 drops of chromic acid solution were added and stand for 10 minutes. Different tests were done todetermine the presence of aldehyde and ketone.INTRODUCTION Aldehydes and ketones have same chemistry polarity. Its bonding affects its reactivity. Carbonylgroup is a divalent chemical unit consisting of a carbon (C) and an oxygen (O) atom connected by adouble bond. Both are simple carbonyl compounds which contains the carbonyl group, -C=O. it has noother reactive group that attaches to the carbon atom itself. (3) Aldehydes and ketones are organic compounds which incorporate a carbonyl functional group,C=O. The carbon atom of this group has two remaining bonds that may be occupied by hydrogen or alkylor aryl substituents. If at least one of these substituents is hydrogen, the compound is an aldehyde. If neither is hydrogen, the compound is a ketone. (2)Figure 1. Structure of Aldehyde and Ketone
Digitally signed by Jason RaquinRoqueDN: cn=Jason Raquin Roque, o,ou, email@example.com, c=PHDate: 2012.05.15 14:13:58 +08'00'