Determination of the Acid Dissociation Constant
Roque, Jason R.Rodrin, Lauro Niño M.Samoranos, Karizza Mae P.So, Bernard Allan M.
Bachelor of Science in Biology – Major in Human BiologyCollege of ScienceDe La Salle University – DasmariñasDasmariñas, Cavite, PhilippinesABSTRACTThe determination of acid dissociation constant was demonstrated by measuring the pH of differentreagents and also there combination. Standard buffers were used to calibrate the pH meter in order to getthe accurate pH of the different samples that will be used for the experiment. Afterwards, the differentsamples’ pH was measured. In between those measuring, the pH meter was cleansed by distilled waterto prevent inaccurate measurement. Also, some samples were combined and measured there pH. Aftergetting the pH of the different samples, formulas were used to calculate its acetate, acetic acid, and thedissociation constant of the acid. The experiment was performed to determine the dissociation constant ofthe weak acid and also to gain familiarity in using pH meter.INTRODUCTIONThe relative strength of acids and bases depends on their tendency to donate or accept hydrogenions (hydrogen atoms missing their single electron). Strong acids lose hydrogen ions easily, while strongbases accept hydrogen ions easily. The conjugate of a substance is the substance whose chemicalformula differs from the first’s formula by one hydrogen ion, or H
. The conjugate of a strong acid is aweak base, and the conjugate of a strong base is a weak acid. (1) Some substances are essentiallycompletely dissociated into ions in aqueous solution. Other substances are only slight dissociated. (2)Fig. 1: Relative strengths of common acid and base
Digitally signed by Jason RaquinRoqueDN: cn=Jason Raquin Roque, o, ou,firstname.lastname@example.org,c=PHDate: 2012.05.15 14:25:40 +08'00'