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Determination of the Acid Dissociation Constant

Determination of the Acid Dissociation Constant

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Published by Jason Raquin Roque

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Published by: Jason Raquin Roque on May 19, 2012
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Determination of the Acid Dissociation Constant
Roque, Jason R.Rodrin, Lauro Niño M.Samoranos, Karizza Mae P.So, Bernard Allan M.
Bachelor of Science in Biology – Major in Human BiologyCollege of ScienceDe La Salle University – DasmariñasDasmariñas, Cavite, PhilippinesABSTRACTThe determination of acid dissociation constant was demonstrated by measuring the pH of differentreagents and also there combination. Standard buffers were used to calibrate the pH meter in order to getthe accurate pH of the different samples that will be used for the experiment. Afterwards, the differentsamples’ pH was measured. In between those measuring, the pH meter was cleansed by distilled waterto prevent inaccurate measurement. Also, some samples were combined and measured there pH. Aftergetting the pH of the different samples, formulas were used to calculate its acetate, acetic acid, and thedissociation constant of the acid. The experiment was performed to determine the dissociation constant ofthe weak acid and also to gain familiarity in using pH meter.INTRODUCTIONThe relative strength of acids and bases depends on their tendency to donate or accept hydrogenions (hydrogen atoms missing their single electron). Strong acids lose hydrogen ions easily, while strongbases accept hydrogen ions easily. The conjugate of a substance is the substance whose chemicalformula differs from the first’s formula by one hydrogen ion, or H
. The conjugate of a strong acid is aweak base, and the conjugate of a strong base is a weak acid. (1) Some substances are essentiallycompletely dissociated into ions in aqueous solution. Other substances are only slight dissociated. (2)Fig. 1: Relative strengths of common acid and base
Digitally signed by Jason RaquinRoqueDN: cn=Jason Raquin Roque, o, ou,email=jason_mike15@yahoo.com,c=PHDate: 2012.05.15 14:25:40 +08'00'
The pH scale provides a convenient way of expressing the acidity and basicity of dilute aqueoussolution. Weak acids may partially dissociate to yield one hydrogen ion. Such acids are called weakmonoprotic acid such as acetic acid. (3)The acid dissociation constant of acetic acid (a weak monoprotic acid) can be determined bymeasuring the pH of a solution containing the known concentration of acetic acid and acetate. (3)MATERIALS / REAGENTS & EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURETo get the accurate pH measurement of the different samples a Ph meter was used. Before usingthe pH meter for the said experiment, it has been calibrated by a standard buffer of pH 4 and pH 7. Also,it is noted that before dipping the electrode of the pH meter it must be cleansed by distilled water toprevent inaccurate readings.In the determination of the dissociation constant of acetic acid, we have measured the pH of a15mL solution of 1.0 M and 0.1 M acetic acid using the calibrated pH meter. 30.0 mL of 1.0 M sodiumacetate and 15 mL of 1.0 M acetic acid were mixed and the pH was measured again. Then, we havediluted 10 mL of the solution above with 50 mL of distilled water and the pH was measured. Also, 5.0 mLof 1.0 M sodium acetate with 30 mL of 1.0 M acetic acid were mixed and its pH was measured.Afterwards, we have calculated the H+, acetate, acetic acid and the dissociation constant of the acid byusing the formulas:H+ = ant (-pH)(molar conc’ of the acetate) (volume of the acetate)Acetate = ---------------------------------------------------------------------volume of the solution(molar conc’ of the acetic acid) (volume of the acetic acid)Acetic Acid = --------------------------------------------------------------------------------volume of the solution(H+) (Acetate)Acid Dissociation = --------------------------------Acetic AcidDATA & RESULTS
Solutions pH H+ Acetate Acetic Acid Ka
1.0 M acetic acid 2.47 3.3 x 10
3.3 x 10
M 1.0 M 1 x 10
 0.10 M acetic acid 2.99 1 x 10
1 x 10
M 1.0 M 1 x 10
 30 mL 1 M sodiumacetate15 mL 1 M aceticacid6.07 8.5 x 10
0.66 M 0.4 M 1.4 x 10
10 mL of mixture inno. 3 + 50 mLdistilled water5.92 1.2 x 10
0.66 M 0.07 M 1.13 x 10
 5.0 mL 1 M sodiumacetate30 mL 1 M aceticacid4.03 9.3 x 10
0.14 M 0.86 M 1.5 x 10

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