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Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1. General
1.2. Sources of the phosphorus in municipal wastewater
1.2.1. Phosphorus sources and its structure in municipal wastewater
1.2.2. Basics of phosphorus source control
1.3. Phosphorus compounds in aqueous solutions
1.3.1. General
1.3.2. Phosphorus compounds in water environment
1.3.3. Hydrolysis of phosphorus compounds
2. Phosphorus removal - process schemes
2.1. Groups of process schemes
2.2. Chemical phosphorus removal
2.3. Biological phosphorus removal
3.2.1. Performance of the process
3.2.2. Chemicals applied
3.2.3. Chemisty of phosphorus precipitation
3.3. Process configuration
4. Biological phosphorus removal
4.1. Introduction and principles of the process
4.1.1. Development of technology
4.1.3. Biochemical background to the process
4.2. Process configurations and operational results
4.2.1. Mainstream processes
4.2.2 Alternating processes
4.3. Sidestream process
4.3.1. General description of the process
4.3.2. Application of the process
4.4. Intermittent process
5. Main factors affecting performance of biological phosphorus removal
5.1. Anaerobic conditions
5.2. Phosphorus concentration in a secondary effluent
5.3. Composition of incoming wastewater
5.4. Availability of easily biodegradable carbon sources
5.5. Solids detention time (SDT,SRT)
5.6. Dissolved oxygen concentration
5.7. Temperature
5.8. Phostrip process
6. Combined biological-chemical processes
7. Alternative processes of the phosphorus removal
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Treatment with the use of electricity - the case study
7.3. Alternative phosphorus removal technologies
7.3.1. Chemical and physical-chemical methods
7.3.2. Biological phosphorus removal methods (at WWTPs)
7.3.3. Phosphorus removal in natural systems
8. Sludge management
8.1. Sludge derived from chemical phosphorus removal
8.1.1. Aluminium salts
8.1.2. Iron salts
8.2. Sludge derived from biological phosphorus removal
9. Recent trends in investigations on phosphorus removal technologies
9.1. Investigations on mechanisms of phosphorus removal
9.2. Phosphorus removal in natural treatment systems
10. Future directions in phosphorus removal management
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Phosphorus in detergents and as food additives
10.3. Source control of phosphorus
10.4. Improved wastewater treatment
10.5. Diversion of wastewater streams
10.6. Improved sludge handling management
11. Conclusions
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Published by Hugh Huijue Fan

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Published by: Hugh Huijue Fan on May 19, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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