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Sustainable Urbanism - Edinburgh

Sustainable Urbanism - Edinburgh

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Published by Joakim Paz
Essay collectively produced at Manchester school of Architecture

by Richard Black
Hellen Flynn, Mark Fullerton, Joakim Paz and Alistair Watkiss
Essay collectively produced at Manchester school of Architecture

by Richard Black
Hellen Flynn, Mark Fullerton, Joakim Paz and Alistair Watkiss

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Published by: Joakim Paz on Dec 24, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/27/2012

original

 
 
SUSTAINABLE URBANISMBA Architecture Year 2 - 2007/2008Ralf Brand
Contributing Students:Richard BlackHelen FlynnMark Fullerton Joaquim PazAlistair Watkiss
 
 
Geographical, social and historicalcontext
Geography
Located in the north-east coast of Great Britain,Edinburgh, is the capital of Scotland, since 1437,andits second largest city. The city council includes urban Edinburgh and a 30-square-mile (78 km2) surrounding rural area.
Climate
Like much of the rest of Scotland, Edinburgh has atemperate maritime climate. Winters are specially mildand the proximity of the sea mitigates large variationsof temperature. The prevailing wind direction is south-west, associated with warm, and it has a lower annualprecipitation than most of UK cities along south-eastcoast.
Demographics
According to the General Register Office for Scotland,in 2006 the council area has a resident population of 463,510 people (220,094 male and 237,736 female).
 
463,510448,624418,914453,575466,761439,010320,318261,225196,979160,511136,05482,62481,86557,195
Population20062001199119711951193119111891187118511831181117911755 Year 
Development of cityHistorical landscapeDemographic evolution
 
 
History
 The historic centre of Edinburgh is divided in two by the broad greenswath of Princess Street Gardens. On South the view is dominated bythe Castle, perched atop the extinct volcanic crag, and to the north liesPrincess Street and the New Town.Both districts were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. The Old Town has preserved its medieval plan as many Reformation-era buildings, and in 1766 a competition to design the New Town waswon by James Craig, a 22-year-old architect. The plan that was builtcreated a rigid, ordered grid, which fitted well with enlightenment ideasof rationality. Today the New Town is considered by many to be one of the finestexamples of Georgian architecture and planning in the world.
Economy
With the strongest economy of any city in the UK outside London andbeen recently announced as one of the fastest growing city regions inEurope, the strength of Edinburgh's economy is reflected by its GDPper capita, which was measured at £27,600 in 2004.Largely based around the services sector:
education
and
health
,
finance
and
business services
,
retailing
and
tourism
are the mainareas of activity.Unemployment in Edinburgh is low at 2.2%, which has beenconsistently below the Scottish average.
Culture
Edinburgh, declared the first UNESCO City of Literature, has a longliterary tradition, going back to the Scottish Enlightenment, culturalmovement which produced influential personalities as the philosopherDavid Hume and the pioneer of economics, Adam Smith.Home for many libraries, museums and art galleries and well-knownfor the Edinburgh Festival, a collection of official and independentfestivals held annually over about four weeks from early August,helping to attract to the city around 13 million visitors a year.

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