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Lobo Even method, ditribution of radient beam in furnace

Lobo Even method, ditribution of radient beam in furnace

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Published by Saad Ahmed

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Published by: Saad Ahmed on May 19, 2012
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05/19/2012

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 Prepared by: Syed Saad Ahmed | B.E Chemical Engineering
 Fuel and Combustion (Sir Fassi)
2012
Lobo Evan method
If we want to design a furnace, we want to design a pipe still then these are some of therules which are very important, these are the features of the furnace.
1.
 
 We should be using either fuel or the cracked gas as heating media. It means thatthis method is not recommended for electrically heated furnace.
2.
 
The radiant rate should be in between 5000-30000 Btu/hrft
2
. It is based on theouter tube diameter. The amoun
t of radiant rate shows that we can’t use this
method for very small furnaces.
3.
 
Percentage of excess air should be between 5 to 80%.
4.
 
Tube skin temperature must not be closerSuppose you have a furnace, then hot gasses would be rising up and there are tubes also. When the temperature between the tubes and the flue gasses is closest?Tube skin temperature (temperature at the surface of the tubes), under which conditionthe difference between the flue gasses and the tube skin temperature would beminimum?This would be when excess air is less or minimum, if the amount of flue gas is less thanthe temperature difference would be less because the flue gasses is going to cool, the fluegasses would be getting the heat out so if the difference between the tubes and the fluegas is less it means that the amount of the flue gas is less and we will get the less amountof the flue gas when the excess air would be less.
 
 
 Prepared by: Syed Saad Ahmed | B.E Chemical Engineering
 Fuel and Combustion (Sir Fassi)
2012
If the amount of the excess air is less, the flue gasses would be less, and the temperature between the tubes and the flue gas would be closer to 400
o
C.If amount of excess air is more it means that the flue gasses would be rising up in thegreater quantity, then the difference between the tube skin temperature and the flue gas would be more than 400
o
C.There has to be excess air and if there is excess air there would be difference intemperature and that difference in temperature must not be less than 400
0
C.There was a time when the amount of excess air would generally be considered as 30%, but now this has been reduced to 10% because at the flame temperature there is apossibility of (No)
x
formation because the temperature is very high and at thattemperature oxygen and nitrogen combines otherwise the nitrogen is generally taken as
inert. So that’s why the excess air is reduced, but with the reduction there is another
problem, the problem is that if the amount of air is less then there will be incomplete
combustion which means that the formation of CO that’s why the modern trend is to
restrict it to 10%.
5.
 
The mean length of radiant beam should not be less than 15 ft. This is defined interms of length, width and height if it is rectangular and if it is a circular then it isdefined in terms of diameter and height.
Rectangular furnaces: Length of beam (L, ft)
1-1-1 to 1-1-3 and 1-2-1 to 1-2-4
   

 Suppose the dimension of the furnace is 15-30-40 ft
3
, then we divide all with thesmallest valve



and we get 1-2-2.6 then the length of the radiant beam will be
√ 

 
 
Rectangular furnaces: Length of beam (L, ft)
1-1-4 to 1-1-
1.0 times smallest dimensionSuppose the dimension of the furnace is 15-15-70 ft
3
, then for ratio



  And we get 1-1-4.6 then the length of the radiant beam will be 1*15=15 ft
Circular furnaces: length of beam (L, ft)
d*d (Diameter*height)
times the diameterd*2d to d*
d 1.0 times the diameter

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