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FORESTS IN SLOVENIA
Slovenia is a land of forests
The most typical feature of the Slovenian landscape is its forests,which cover as much as 58% of the national territory (report of theForest Service of Slovenia for 2004). In terms of relative forest cover Slovenia is third in the European Union, after Finland and Sweden.The forest area in Slovenia is expanding through the growing-over of abandoned farmland, primarily meadow and pasture in more remoteparts of the countryside. In many parts of the urban landscape,however, forests must yield to the construction of infrastructure andother structures. The forests are a valuable natural resource for Slovenia, with close to 300 million cubic meters of wood growing in them. At the same time, however, the forests are a major resource in terms of their ecological and socialfunctions, as well as in terms of the beauty they lend to the Slovenian landscape. The ecologicalfunctions include: protection of forest land and stands, a hydrological function, plus a biotope andclimate function. The ecological functions of the forests serve to protectfertile soil from erosion, to protect biodiversity - the existence of amultitude of animal and plant organisms that are essential for theunimpeded life of the ecosystem, to purify water and to maintain thebalanced drainage of precipitation into watercourses (numerous water sources are within forests). The forests exert a softening influence on theclimate by balancing temperatures; they are also an absorber of carbondioxide, the main greenhouse gas, which is generating critical long-termchanges to the climate of our planet. The social functions of the forests are associated with various humanactivities within forests. At first glance these social functions have not been evaluated in materialterms, but without doubt they represent for humans a major, universal, and indirectly material value.They include: the functions of protection - protecting structures, recreation, tourism, learning,research, hygiene and health, the function of protecting the natural and cultural heritage and other environmental assets, and a defensive and aesthetic function.
Slovenia's forests in numbers
Number of naturally growing tree species:
Annual growth of growing stock:
Annual harvest (2004):
Potential annual harvest (2004 forest management plans):
Text by: Tone Lesnik,Forest Service of Slovenia, Ve
na Pot 2, Ljubljana
Diversity of Slovenia'sforestsFauna of the SlovenianforestsThe threat to SlovenianforestsCare of forestsForests and the inhabitantsof Slovenia
Ministry of Agriculture andthe EnvironmentMinistry of Infrastructure andSpatial PlanningSlovenia Forest Service Slovenian Forestry Institute Biotechnology Faculty,Department of Forestry andRenewal of ForestResources
INTERNATIONAL YEAROF FORESTS 2011
Forests for people As part of the campaignmarking the
International Year of Forests 2011
, the Ministryof Agriculture, Forestry andFood has created a specialwebsite,www.letogozdov.si.It is intended to provideinformation to the generalpublic and forest owners aboutforests, forestry and eventsduring the Year of Forests thatwill be organised by partnerscooperating in the campaign.