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Synopsis Bio Medical Monitoring System

Synopsis Bio Medical Monitoring System

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Published by Mayank Lohra

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Published by: Mayank Lohra on May 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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BIOMEDICAL MONITORING SYSTEM
SUBMITTED BY:
 
INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVE
In this project our object is to develop a “Biomedical Monitoring System” that is capable to transmitthe patient’s heartbeat collected by microcontroller unit and display it on the LCD.
SCOPE OF PROJECT 
This project is very useful for continuous monitoring of the patient’s heartbeats this is a very useful product in hospital
BASIC COMPONENTS REQUIRED
Components required in this project are as follows:1.8-bit Microcontroller (89c2051).2.Encoder IC HT 12E.3.16x2 LCD.4.Buzzer.5.Voltage regulator 78XX.6.Resistors, Capacitors, Diode (IN 4007).7.Transmitter and Receiver Module
A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO AT89C2051MICROCONTROLLER 
:
When we have to learn about a new computer we have to familiarize about the machinecapability we are using, and we can do it by studying the internal hardware design (devicesarchitecture), and also to know about the size, number and the size of the registers.A microcontroller is a single chip that contains the processor (the CPU), non-volatile memory for the program (ROM or flash), volatile memory for input and output (RAM), a clock and an I/O controlunit. Also called a "computer on a chip," billions of microcontroller units (MCUs) are embeddedeach year in a myriad of products from toys to appliances to automobiles. For example, a singlevehicle can use 70 or more microcontrollers. The following picture describes a general block diagram of microcontroller.
 
89C2051:
The AT89C2051 is a low-voltage, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 2K bytes of Flash programmable and erasable read-only memory (PEROM). The device is manufactured usingAtmel’s high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry-standardMCS-51 instruction set. By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic chip, theAT89C2051 is a powerful microcomputer which provides a highly-flexible and cost-effectivesolution to many embedded control applications. The AT89C2051 provides the following standardfeatures: 2K bytes of Flash, 128 bytes of RAM, 15 I/O lines, two 16-bit timer/counters, a five vector two-level interrupt architecture, a full duplex serial port, a precision analog comparator, on-chiposcillator and clock circuitry. In addition, the AT89C2051 is designed with static logic for operationdown to zero frequency and supports two software selectable power saving modes. The Idle Modestops the CPU while allowing the RAM, timer/counters, serial port and interrupt system to continuefunctioning. The power-down mode saves the RAM contents but freezes the oscillator disabling allother chip functions until the next hardware reset. 

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