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Curs 02 2012

Curs 02 2012

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Published by Raul Ilies

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Published by: Raul Ilies on May 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/20/2012

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1
C. Compressive Strength of Concreteis controlled by the proportioning of:
cement,
coarse and fine aggregates,
water (is the chief factor for determiningconcrete strength, as shown in Fig.1.11the lower is the water-cement ratio,the higher is the compressive strength.),
various admixtures.Water:
necessary for the proper chemical action in the hardening of concrete,
extra water increases the workability but reduces strength.C2
 
2
Compressive Strength of Concrete
 
a. splitingb. sliping
 
3
Compressive Strength of Concrete –the concrete classesThe concrete of a given strength is identified by its “class”. A class C20/25concrete, for example, has a characteristic cylinder crushing strength, at 28days, f 
ck
= 20 N/mm
2
and a characteristic cube crushing strength
ck,cube
= 25N/mm2.
C
20/25
ck(cylinder)
ck,cube(cube)
 
4
D. Tensile Strength
an important property that greatly affects the extent and size of cracking instructures.
is a more variable property than compressive strength, and is about 10 to15% of it.
 
5
D. Tensile Strength
6
E. Stress-Strain Relation
The loads on a structure cause distortionof its members with resulting stresses andstrains in the concrete and the steelreinforcement.To carry out the analysis and design of amember it is necessary to have knowledgeof the relationship between these stressesand strains.Concrete is a very variable material, having a wide range of strengths and stress-straincurves.The stress-strain behavior of concrete is dependent on its strength, age atloading, rateof loading, aggregates and cement properties, and type and size of specimens.Typical curves for specimens loaded in compression at 28 days using normal testingspeeds are shown in Fig.1.16.

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