Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Pratirodh ka Swar, April 2012

Pratirodh ka Swar, April 2012

Ratings: (0)|Views: 246|Likes:
Hindi organ of CPI ML
Hindi organ of CPI ML

More info:

Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/21/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 o"kZ
 
26 la[;k 
 
3&4vÁSy 2012 ewY; 2
 
 #i;s
Hkkjr dh dE;q  fuLV ikVhZ(ekDlZ oknh&ys fuuoknh) dh ds Unz h; des Vh dk eq  [ki= 
iz frjksËk dk Loj 
djNuk rglhy ds ekgh xkao esa xjhc fdlkuksao etnwjksa us lkeUrksa dks ljdkjhrkykc ij mUgha ds }kjk cksbZ x;h Qlyugha dkVusnhA ;g lery rkykc xjhcksadh cLrh o lkearksa ds ?kjksads chp gSAxjhcks a us,-vkbZ-ds-,e-,l- ds usr`Ro es abl loky ij dbZ vfHk;ku pyk, Fks vkSjiz'kklu }kjk dksbZ dkjZokbZ u djus dhfLFkfr esa mUgksaus ,drkc) gksdj ;g dnemBk;kA
28
ekpZ dks Qly dkVus ds fy, Hksts x, etnwjksa dks ?ksjdj okil dj fn;kx;kA lkeUrksalsdg fn;k x;k fd pkgs tksgks bl ckj osQly ugha dkV ik,axs !bl bykds es a rkykc dh dbZtehuksa ijncax lkearksa dk dCtk gSA ;s lkear mPptkfr ds g®] budh viuh Hkh cM+h&cM+h [ksrhgS tks dbZ Hkkb;ksa ds fgLlksa esa foHkkftr gSijUrq ,d O;fDr }kjk lapkfyr gSA lkeUrks adsT;knkrj HkkbZ 'kgjksa esa jgrs g®o dbZvPNs inksa ij dk;Zjr g®A ;s lkjh [ksrhT;knkrj cVkbZ }kjk djkbZ tkrh gSA buxkaoks a esa lkeUrksa dk cM+k ncnck gS rFkkxjhcks a ds lkFk vR;kpkj djuk] mUgsa mèkkjes aQalk, j[kuk] efgykvksadslkFk nqO;Zogkj djuk] fojksfèk;ksa dksfiVok nsuk o xksyhekj nsuk] iqfyl esa QthZ dsl ntZ djkukvke ckrsa g®vkSj xjhc vH;Lr g® fd iqfyl mudh ugha lqusxhA bykds ds ljxuk g®ujsUæ o ohjsUnz frokjh tks u dsoy cM+stehankj g®] lkFk esa dbZ ljdkjh Ldwy odkyst pykrs g®A bykds esaT;knkrj xjhc fiNys nksn'kdksa ls clik ds leFkZd jgsg®A ij clik }kjk bu lokyksa ij dksbZleFkZu u djus lsdqN nwjh c<+h gSAekgh xkao esa djhc 
83
ch?kk ;kuh
51
,dM+rkykc dk jdck gSvkSj yEcsle; ls bu ij lkeUr [ksrh djkrs vk jgs g®A yEcsle; lsgh xjhcks a es a bl loky ij vlarks"k cuk gqvk gS vkSj fiNys yxHkx nks lkyksa esabl loky ij rglhy ij dbZ izn'kZu djvfèkdkfj;ksa dks Kkiu fn;s x, g® rFkkbykds esa tu lHkk,a dj yksxksa dks xksycanfd;k x;k gSA xjhc fdlkuks a o etnwjksa dhLi"V ekax gS fd rkykc dh tehu ncaxksa ls[kkyh djkbZ tk, vkSj bldk iz;ksx xjhcksads}kjk fd;k tk,AmÙkj izns'k tehankjh mUewyu dkuw u]
1950
dh èkkjk
132
ds rgr rkykc dhtehus a] ufn;ksa dsdNkj dh rjg] lqjf{krtehusa g® vkSj bu ij dksbZ Hkh Hkwfeèkj ughagks ldrkA mnkgj.kLo:i yhykiqj dNkj]nkjkxat dNkj] vkSèku dNkj] mftfguhdNkj] tks tyeXuHkwfe gS] fdlh dh HkhHkw feèkjh ughagksldrhA rglhy vfèkdkfj;ks a o ljdkj dh feyhHkxr ls yk[kksa ch?kktehu ij tehankjksa] HkwekfQ;kvksa dk dCtkcuk gqvk gS rFkk bUgsa Hkwfeèkjh vfèkdkj Hkhfeyk gqvk gSA vxj ;s tehusa lw[kh g®] iVx;h g®] rks ;k rks budh uoS;r cny djbudk iV~Vk fd;k tk ldrk gS tks xkao dsxjhcksa dks fn;k tk ldrk gS ;k ;s dsoyxjhcksa}kjk [ksrh ds fy,] gj lky] vklkehiV~ Vsds :i esanh tk ldrh g®A oSls Hkh iVs gq, rkykcksa ds ekeys esa mPpre U;k;ky;ds l[r vkns'k g®fd bUgsa rkykc ds:i esacgky fd;k tk,A ij] iz'kklu bu f'kdk;rks aij dksbZè;ku ughansjgk FkkA viuh laxfBr rkdr c<+krsgq, xjhc fdlkuks aes a;g fo'okl tkx x;k fd bu lkeUrksa dks jksdk tkldrk gSAnw ljh vksj iw jsbykdks aes a] estk] djNuk] ckjk es a] fiNys dqN fnuksa esa] lqizhe dksVZdsvkns'k ds vey ds cgkus ls dbZ xkaoksa esaiz'kklu us rkykcksa ds HkhVk ij cls xjhcksads ?kj cqyMkstj Hkst dj fxjok fn;s g®Amu xjhcksa dksuksfVl Hkh ugha fn;k x;kA;gh ugha] cgqr ls iqjkus rkykc Fks ftudhuoS;r
30&40
lky igyscnyh x;h Fkh]mu ij xjhcksadks
15&20
lky igys iV~Vsfeys FksA ;s iV~ Vsvc Hkw feèkjh tehuksa esa cny pqdsg®A bu ij Hkh xjhcksa dksiz'kklu us uksfVl tkjh dj fn;sg®] gkykafd mlsHkwfeèkjksa dks uksfVl tkjh djus dk dksbZvfèkdkj ugha gSAftl rkykc ij ;s yM+kbZ dsfUnzr gqbZmldk xkVk la[;k
26
]
40
d]
40
[k]
41
o
42
gS ftldks xkao ds rhu Hkkb;ksa gkSlykizlkn feJk] Jhdkar feJk] NksVsyky feJklHkh iq=k Jh x;knhu ds uke
1996
esaxSjdkwuuh <ax ls ^fcuk l{ke vkns'k ds*p<+k fn;k x;k FkkA bl gLrkarj.k ijrRdkyhu ,l-Mh-,e- Jh ;xnso izlkn ustehu dks rqjUr okil rkykc ds [kkrs esantZ djus dk vkSj ys[kiky ds fo#) ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djus dk vkns'k fd;k Fkk]
 bykgkckn % rkykc dh Hkwfe ij lkearksa dsvoSËk dCts ds fo#º xjhcksa dk la?k"kZ
fiNys o"kks± esa dsUæ ljdkj }kjk ctVdh izklafxdrk dks dkQh gYdk dj fn;kx;k gSA u rksctV ds vkadM+s fo'oluh;jg x;s g® vkSj u gh ;g u;s djksa ;k djksadh njksa dh vkfèkdkfjd ?kks"k.kk jg x;k gSD;ks afd ljdkj bUgsa rFkk iz'kklfud dherksadks iwjs lky gh cnyrh jgrh gSA rFkkfi]vkadM+ks adh dykckft;ks arFkk viuh okLrfod  ea'kk ij tufgr dk eqyEek p<+kusds iz;klks a ds ckotwn bl ctV esa tks fn'kk lkQmHkjdj lkeusvkbZgSog gSfd ;g ljdkj vke turk ij vkfFkZd cks> c<+kus rFkkdkjiksjsV dks ;FkklaHko fj;k;rsansus ds fy, ÑrladYi gSA mlsturk ij cks> c<+kus dk vQlksl Hkh ugha gS] mlsvQlksl gSrksbl ckr dk fd fons'kh rFkk nslh dkjikjsV dksog ftruh fj;k;rsansuk pkgrh gS] mruhugha ns ik jgh gSA blds fy, tgka dkaxzsluhr ljdkj ds usrk ^xBcaèku* dh etcw fj;ks a dks ftEesnkj Bgjk jgs g®] ogha 'kkld oxks±dsfoi{kh ny bls^uhfrxr ydok* ^ljdkjhdksek* vkfn dh laKk ns jgs g®A mudh ea'kkLi"V gSfd dkjiksjsV dksvfèkdkfèkd fj;k;rs a nsdj vkfFkZd o`f) nj dks ;su&dsu c<+k,aA bl o"kZdsctV dh i`"BHkw fe foÙkh;& vkfFkZd ladV ds foLQksV dk Hkkjr ijizHkko vkSj Hkkjr esa vkfFkZd ladV dkyxkrkj xgjkuk rFkk bllsmcjusdsljdkj ds iz;klksadh foQyrk] vkfFkzd o`f) nj dk yxkrkj fxjuk rFkk bl fxjkoV dksjksdus dsiz;klksa dh foQyrk o bl Øe esafoÙkh; ?kkVs dk yxkrkj c<+uk] egaxkbZfo'ks"kdj [kk| inkFkks ±dh dherks aesayxkrkj o`f) rFkk blssfu;af=kr djusds ekSfæd  mik;ksa dh foQyrk rFkk blls dkjiksjsV om|ksxksa ds equkQs ij Å¡ph C;kt nj dkizHkko] dqy feykdj dsUæ ljdkj }kjk ubZvkfFkZd uhfr;ksa ds nk;js esa bl ladV dksgy djusdsiz;klks adh foQyrk gSA ljdkj ds usrk [kqn Hkh bl fLFkfr dks Lohdkjdjus dks ckè; gks jgsg® ij os bu uhfr;ksadks blds fy, ftEesnkj Bgjkus ds LFkkuij bu ij vey esa rsth ykus dh foQyrkdks nks"kh Bgjk jgs g®A vFkZO;oLFkk dh o`f) nj es adeh dsfy, osljdkj }kjk ^vuqnkuks a* ij vR;fèkd O;; dks nks"kh Bgjk jgs g®A^vuqnkuksa ds cks>* ds pyrs foÙk ea=kh dhuhan mM+ x;h gS rFkk os fdlh dher ijml ij vadq'k yxkus ij vkeknk g®A nwljhvksj] iwathifr;ksa dks dj&ekQh ds :i esafn;k x;k vuqnku mlls dgha vfèkd gS ij^vke vkneh* dk lkFkh gksus dk nkok djusokyh ljdkj dks mlls dksbZ ijs'kkuh ughagSA fiNys o"kZ ^vuqnkuksa* ij O;; yxHkx 
2
yk[k]
16
gtkj djksM+#i;sjgk tcfd mlds dbZ xquk jkf'k yxHkx 
5
yk[k]
38
gtkj djksM+ #i;s] fiNys o"kZ dj&ekQh ds:i esa dEifu;ksa dks nh x;hAljdkj ?kVrh vkfFkZd o`f) nj lsfpafrr gS tks fiNys o"kZ
6-9
izfr'kr jgh gSA oSlsvc rd dh Åaph vkfFkZd o`f) nj dk ykHk dqN fgLlksa dks gh feyk gSA izèkkuea=kheueksgu flag lesr ljdkj dsizeq[k usrkvks a dk ekuuk gSfd Å¡ph vkfFkZd o`f) nj xjhch nwj gVkus] xjhcksa dks xjhch ls ckgjfudkyus dk lcls dkjxj rjhdk gS tcfd rF; ;g gS fd Å¡ph vkfFkZd o`f) dsnkSj esa xjhch js[kk ls uhps jgus okyksa vFkkZr vfrxjhcksa dh la[;k c<+h gSA ;|fi ljdkjrFkk ljdkjh desfV;ka chp&chp esa xjhchjs[kk ls f[kyokM+ dj ubZ vkfFkZd uhfr;ksads i{k esaizpkj djusdsfy, xjhch js[kk ls uhps yksxksa dh la[;k de djus dk nkokdjrh jgh gSa tks ckn esa ljdkjh desfV;ksa}kjk >qByk;k tkrk jgk gSA lexzrk esaljdkj bl ckr ls badkj ugha dj ldrhfd ubZ vkfFkZd uhfr;ksads vey dsfiNysnks n'kdksa esa xjhch js[kk ls uhpsjgus okyksadh la[;k o vuqikr c<+k gSA foÙkea=kh dsvuqlkj fiNys o"kZÑf"k esao`f) nj
2-5
Qhlnh] vkS|ksfxd {ks=k dh
3-9
QhlnhrFkk lsok {ks=k esa
9-4
Qhlnh jgus dkvuqeku gSA
foÙkh; vkfFkZd ladV dk çHkko
fo'o foÙkh; vkfFkZd ladV ls Hkkjr dksvizHkkfor j[kus dk nkok djus rFkk bldsfy, lkezkT;oknh rkdrks a ls'kkck'kh cVksjus okyseueksgu flag rFkk muds foÙkea=kh HkhLohdkj djusdks ckè; g® fd ßfo'o ladVus gesa izHkkfor fd;kÞ ¼foÙk ea=kh dk ctVHkk"k.k½ ß------ fiNys o"kZ ;g eglwl fd;ktk jgk Fkk fd fo'o vFkZO;oLFkk lqèkkj dhvksj gSA ------ ijUrqokLrfodrk vU;Fkklkfcr gqbZAÞ ¼ctV Hkk"k.k½ njvly]ljdkj dks u rks fo'o vFkZO;oLFkk vkSj ugh Hkkjr dh vFkZO;LFkk dh okLrfodrk dhle> gS vkSj u gh ljksdkj gSA og rksdkjiksjsV dks fj;k;rsa nsdj muds HkjkslsvkfFkZd o`f) dh Å¡ph nj gkfly djusrFkk blds tfj;s vke turk dh lHkhleL;kvksa dks gy djus dk lCtckx fn[kkjgh gS tcfd gdhdr esa Hkkjr dks fons'khlkezkT;okfn;ksa rFkk muds nyky nslhdkjiksjsV ds fuckZèk 'kks"k.k dk pkjkxkg cuk jgh gS] vfèkla[; turk ds thou dksvfèkdkfèkd eqf'dy cuk jgh gS rFkk ,d NksVs rcds dh gkyr lqèkkj dj mls buuhfr;ksa dk leFkZd cuk jgh gSA
('ks"k i`"B 2 ij) (vkxs i`"B 4 ij) 
dsUnzh; ctV
2012&*13
 dkjiks js V dh ls ok es a vke vkneh   ij djks a dk cks > 
 
 
2
çfrjks/k dk Loj 
vÁSy] 2012
ijUrq bl ij vey ugha gqvkA fiNys o"kZekgh xkao ds ys[kiky lyhe vgen us iqu%,l-Mh-,e- iq"dj JhokLro ds le{k blrkykc ds xSjdkuwuh dCts rFkk bls rkykc ds:i es a okil rCnhy djus dh laLrqfr dh FkhA bl ij vey dh txg mUgks ausys[kiky dk rcknyk dj enueksgu feJk dks mudhtxg fu;qDr dj fn;k ftUgksaus dk;ZHkkjlEHkkyrsgh rkykc dh fLFkfr es a ifjorZu udjus dh ?kks"k.kk dj nhA rclsruko vkSjc<+ x;kA,l-Mh-,e- iq"dj JhokLro usf'kdk;rksads ckotwn tkucw>dj dksbZ dkjZokbZ ughadh vkSj lkearksa dksekSdk fn;k fd os xjhcksaij ncko cukdj Qly dkV ysaA xjhcksa lsmUgksaus dgk fd os ,d lIrkg ckn bl ijQSlyk djsaxs D;ksafd ekeyk ^fookfnr* gSAmlus bl ckr dk tokc ugha fn;k fd mlds vius fjdkMZ esa rks bl tehu ijdksbZfookn ughagSD;ks afd iqjkuslHkh fjdkMks ± esa]
1369
Qlyh esa o uD'ks esa rkykc ntZgSvkSj vkns'k es a gLrkarj.k xSjdkuw uh crk;k x;k gSA laxBu us,l0Mh0,e0 dh tehankjks a dks ekSdk nsus dh pky dks le>rs gq, yksxksals dgk fd iz'kklu bl Qly dks ughajksdsxk vkSj lkeUr rS;kjh djds bls dkVys tk,xkA xjhcksads fgr es a ;gh gS fd osbls [kqn dkV ysa] Hkys blds ckn iz'kklubl ij dksbZ QSlyk djsA ij yksxksa esals,d fgLls dks mEehn Fkh fd turk dsnckoesa iz'kklu U;k; djsxkA
1
viz  Sy]
2012
dks lqcg 
9-30
ctsbykds ds
8
xkaoksa ds rkdroj lkearksausQly dspkjks a vksj vlygkèkkjh xq.Mksa dks[kM+k dj fn;kA ujsUæ frokjh [kqn viuhxkM+h esa vlygkèkkfj;ksa ds lkFk xjhcksa dhturk dh rkdr ds vkèkkj ij lkearksads voSèk dCts ds fo#) dh xbZ yM+kbZbykdsdh xjhc turk dh tehu dh Hkw[kvkSj thfodk dslkèku dh ekax dks nksgjkrhgSA ;g la?k"kZ xjhc turk }kjk vius Åijgksjgs vR;kpkjksadsfo#) yM+us dh xjhcksa dh bPNk dks js[kkafdr djrk gSA ;g la?k"kZbl ckr dks Hkh lkfcr djrk gS fd cM+slkearksa dk xzkeh.k vkfFkZd o lkekftd thou ij izkfèkdkj tehuksa ij mudsdCtsij vkèkkfjr gSvkSj vlygkèkkjh xq.Mkrkdr }kjk lapkfyr gSA iz'kklu o iqfylmuds etcwr lg;ksxh LrEHk g® vkSj ;snksuksa gh xjhc turk dks cgyk&Qqlykdj] xjhcksads i{k ds U;k; dks ^fookn* crkdj] Hkfo";esa gy djus dk vk'oklu nsdj Vky nsrsg®A bu lokyksa dks yM+usds fy, xjhcksa dksbu lkearh rkdrksals ekspkZ ysus dh vkSjbuls viuh j{kk djus dh rS;kjh cukuhgksxhA
 bykgkckn % rkykc dh Hkwfe ij lkearksa ds voSËk dCts ds fo#º xjhcksa dk la?k"kZ
(i`"B 1 dk 'ks"k) 
cLrh ds vUnj vkdj [kM+k gks x;kA djhc 
15
jkmUM Qk;fjax djds bUgksaus tcjnLrhbl
9
ch?kk
2
fcLok ¼djhc 
5-7
,dM+½rkykc ij ls xsg¡w dh Qly dkVusdkiz;kl fd;kA cLrh ds djhc 
250
yksxksa usxksycan gksdj vius&vius ?kjksa ls fudydjbu xq.Mksa ij iFkjko djuk 'kq: dj fn;kvkSj ujsUæ frokjh dh xkM+h ds ikl tkusdk iz;kl fd;kA yksxksa dk c<+rk fojksèkns[k mls viuh xkM+h ysdj] Qk;fjax djrsgq, Hkkxuk iM+kA xq.Mksa us èkkjnkj gfFk;kjksals dqN usrkvksa dks fu'kkuk cuk;k vkSjmuds ?kjksa esa p<+kbZ djds ywVikV dhA?kVuk dsrhu ?kaVs ckn ,l-Mh-,e-] lh-vks- o iqfyl ekSds ij rc vk, tc turkiFkjko djds xq.Mksas dks [knsM+ pqdh FkhAtuncko es a uketn ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- fy[kuhiM+hA ijUrq vkijkfèkd o vR;kpkjh lkearhxq.Mksa dk cs'kehZ ds lkFk leFkZu djus dkifjp; nsrs gq, iqfyl us dg fn;k fd 
7
lky ls de ltk okyh èkkjkvksa esa og fxj¶rkjh ugha djsxhA vkØksf'kr etnwjksaus mUgsa ?ksj dj pkj ?kaVs rd caèkd cuk, j[kk vkSj xkao&lekt dh tehu ij voS/kdCts dk lkearksa ij dsl fy[kus] QlyetnwjksadksdkVus nsus vkSj rkykc dhtehu ij lkearksa dk uke p<+kus okys Hkz"Vvfèkdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ dkjZokbZ djus dhekax dhA ,l-Mh-,e- us etnwjksadh ekax ugha ekuh vkSj ckn esa rkjh[k yxkdjfookn dk fuLrkj.k djusdk fu.kZ; lquk;kA iz'kklu us dgk fd og vHkh bl ckr dksugha ekurk fd rkykc ij lkearksa dk dCtkvoSèk gS vkSj ;g ekeyk dksVZ }kjk r;gksxkA cph Qly dqdZdj yh xbZ ij mlsgkjosLVj lsdVokus dk QSlyk fy;k x;kAetnwjksa dks dVkbZ dk isesaV nsus dk iSlk ugksusdk cgkuk cuk;k gkykafd gkjosLVj dkisesaV ljdkj usgh fd;kA dqdZ Qly Fkkusesa j[kokbZ xbZA O;kid Lrj ij vHkh Hkhetnw jksa esa ;g fo'okl gSfd ,d ckj tc etnwj Qly dks dVus ls jksd nsaxs] rksiz'kklu dkjZokbZ djus dks ckè; gksxkAblhfy, mUgksaus Qly dks [kqn dkVus dhrS;kjh ugha cukbZAbl geys esa rhu xjhc fdlku] dYyw iklh
35
o"kZ] ve`r jSnkl
60
o"kZvkSjdqFkbZ jSnkl
57
o"kZ dks èkkjnkj gfFk;kjksa lspksVsa vkb±A bl ekeys esa dkSaf/k;kjk Fkkusesaèkkjk
147] 148] 356] 324] 323] 504] 506]452] 3(1)
,l-lh-@,l-Vh- ,sDV dsvarxZr dsl ntZ djk;k x;k gSA ijUrqiqfyl us;g  dgdj fxj¶rkjh lsbadkj dj fn;k gSfd 
7
lky lsde dh ltk dsdslks aes atkap ds ckn dkjZokbZ gksxh !,-vkbZ-ds-,e-,l- uslkearks a }kjk rkykc  ij voSèk dCtsdsekeyses a dkjZokbZ u djus o
1
viz  Sy]
2012
dksgq, geys ds fy, ,l-Mh-,e- iq"dj JhokLro dksftEesnkj Bgjkrs gq, mUgsa lLisUM djus dh ekax dh gSA
Hkkjr dh dE;qfuLV ikVhZ (ekDlZoknh&ysfuuoknh) ds izdk'k
U;wMseksØslh 
(vaxzsth esa)izfrjksèk dk Loj(fgUnh esa)iztkiaèkk(rsyqxq esa)foIyoh x.k ykbu(caxyk esa)badykch lkMk jkg(iatkch esa)yksd ;q¼(ejkBh es a)laxzkeh ,drk (vksfM;k esa)
 uksukMkaxk (i- caxky) % eerk ljdkj }kjk neu dk O;kid fojksËk 
ebZ
2011
ds foèkku lHkk pqukoksa esa
34
o"kks± ls i0 caxky esa lÙkk:<+ lh0ih0,e0uhr ^oke* ekspsZdksijkLr dj eerk cuthZ jkT; esa lÙkk:<+ gqb±A eerk cuthZ dhr`.kewy dkaxszl dh thr i0 caxky esalh0ih0,e0 ds^dSMj jkt* ds fo#) c<+rk tukØks'k FkkA uanhxzke o flaxqj dsfoLFkkiu&fojksèkh la?k"kks± us bl fojksèk dksO;kid] iSuk rFkk izHkkoh cuk fn;kA bufdlku la?k"kks± ds ckn i0 caxky esa gq, pqukoks a es a rRdkyhu lÙkk:<+^oke* ekspsZ dh gkyr mÙkjksÙkj [kjkc gksrh xbZ rFkk
2011
ds foèkku lHkk pqukoksa esaog cqjh rjg ijkLr gqvkAvius 
1
o"kZ ls de ds 'kklu esa lqJheerk cuthZ us u dsoy ^oke* ekspsZ dhtu&fojksèkh uhfr;ksa dks tkjh j[kk] cfYd fojksèk dks cnkZ'r u djus dk u;k ekun.MLFkkfir fd;kA iwoZorhZ lÙkk:<+lh0ih0,e0dh rjg og gj fojksèk dksvius jktuhfrd fojksfèk;ksa dk "kM;a=k crkrh gS rFkk gjfojksèk dks dqpyus ij vkeknk gSA Nk=kifj"kn & ;wFk dkaxszl dh Qklhoknh laLÑfresa izf'kf{kr eerk cuthZ dks tuoknhvfèkdkjks alsfp<+gSA lqJh eerk dsdk;Zdky lsmu cqf)thfo;ks a rFkk laxBuks adks ijs'kkuh gksldrh gSftUgks auslh0ih0,e0 dsdq'kklu ds f[kykQ eerk cuthZdk pqukoh leFkZufd;k Fkk rFkk tks eerk cuthZ ls ßeka]ekVh] ekuqlÞ ds fy, eerk dh vk'kkyxk;s cSBs FksA ysfdu blesa lqJh eerkcuthZdh xyrh ugha] cfYd mudh Lo;a dhxyrh gStks 'kkld oxks± dh ikfVZ;ksa ls xSj&'kkld oxhZ; vkpj.k dh vk'kk djrs g®]tks 'kkld oxks±dh lalnh; ikfVZ;ksa dhpqukoh ?kks"k.kkvksa ij fo'okl djrs g® rFkkmuds fn[kk;s lCtckx ls gfj;kyh dhmEehn yxk cSBrs g®A njvly] ;g mudhlalnh; fodYiksa ds chp gh pquusdh le>dh lhek gS tks 'kkld oxks± dh ikfVZ;ksa dschp gh fodYi [kkstrsgSaA lqJh eerk cuthZ us rks bldk bLrseky Hkj fd;kAeerk cuthZdsusr`Ro es a=k`.kew y dkaxz sl ljdkj tgka turk dh leL;kvksa ijldkjkRed dne mBkus dh u rks bPNkj[krh gS vkSj u lkeF;Z] ogha og rekefojksèk dks nckus ds fy, ,d ds ckn ,d dne mBk jgh gSA baVjusV ij viusf[kykQ dkVwZu yxkus okys tknoiqj fo'ofo|ky;ds izksQslj dh fxj¶rkjh] mlds 'kklu dsf[kykQ fjiksVZizdkf'kr djusokysv[kckjks a ij lkoZtfud ykbcszfj;ksa esa izfrcaèk]efgykvksa ds cykRdkj dks foi{kh ny dk"kM;a=k ?kksf"kr djuk rFkk nksf"k;ksa dksfxj¶rkj djus okys iqfyl vfèkdkjh dkrcknyk rFkk r`.kew y dk;ZdrkZvks a}kjk geyks a dks c[kkZLr djuk lqJh eerk cuthZ ds'kklu dh ckuxh gSA fofHké {ks=kksaesa dkedjus okys ekfQ;k lh-ih-,e- NksM+djr`.kew y es a'kkfey gksx;sgS arFkk vc r`.kew y ljdkj bl ekfQ;k jkt dh laj{kd cujgh gSA lh-ih-,e ds dSMj jkt dk fojksèkdjus okyh eerk cuthZ i- caxky es a viusdSMjksa dk jkt LFkkfir djusesa yxh gSaAgky esauksukMkaxk ds >qXxhokfl;ksa dksr`.kew y dkaxs  zl ljdkj ds dksi dk Hkktu cuuk iM+kAuksukMkaxk iw ohZdksydkrk dsckgjh fgLlks a es afLFkr gStgka^oke* ekspkZ'kklu usVkyhxaM jsy >qfXx;ksa rFkk iapuxje ls foLFkkfirdqN yksxks a dks clk;k FkkA r`.kewy dkaxs  zl] lh0ih0,e0 dsLFkkuh; usrkvks arFkk LFkkuh; nykyksa us Hkh dqN yksxksa dks ;gka clk;kAfiNysfoèkku lHkk pqukoks aes abues alsvfèkdka'k usr`.kewy dkaxs  zl ds fy, dke fd;kA bl vk'kk dslkFk fd r`.kewy lÙkk es a vkus ds ckn muds iquokZl dk izcaèk djsxhAijUrqlÙkk es avkusdsckn r`.kew y dkaxs  zl us lh-ih-,e- dh >qXxhokfl;ksa dks tcjugVkus dh uhfr dk gh ikyu fd;kA ;gkafofHkUu Økafrdkjh ^oke* laxBuksa ds dqNdk;ZdrkZdke dj jgs FksA
87
ifjokjksads
700 & 800
ifjokjtuks a ds lkFk feydjmUgksaus r`.kewy ljdkj }kjk gVkus dsvfHk;ku dk fojksèk fd;kA fojksèk djus ijmudh u`'kal fiVkbZ dh xbZrFkk fxj¶rkjdj tsy Hkstk x;kA bl vkanksyu dk leFkZu djus okys rFkk blesa Hkkxhnkjh djus okyscqf)thfo;ks adksHkh >w Bsdsl cukdj fxj¶rkj fd;k x;kA bl neu ds fojksèk esa,0ih0Mh0vkj0 us ,d fojksèk jSyh dkv;kstu fd;k ftls iqfyl us tcju jksd fn;k rFkk r`.kew y dkaxz sl ds xq.Mks a us ,-ih- Mh-vkj- lfpo ij geyk fd;k ftldhO;kid fuUnk gqbZAuksukMkaxk la?k"kZdsleFkZu esaß,dtqVrk desVhÞ xfBr dh xbZA iqfyl vR;kpkjksa dsfojksèk es auksukMkaxk es a,d lEesyu vk;ksftr fd;k] vfuf'prdkyhu Hkw[k gM+rky 'kq: dh xbZ rFkk fodkl ds uke ij ljdkj}kjk fxjk;s x;s LFkkuksa dh txg u, 'ksYVjcuk;s x;sA dbZ izfrf"Br cqf)thfo;ksa &egk'osrk nsoh] 'kadj ?kks"k vkfn usHkh ljdkjh dkjZokbZ dh fuank dh gSA uksukMkaxk esa gq, iqfyl vR;kpkjksa ds f[kykQ fnYyh es a cax Hkou ij izn'kZu fd, x;sAeerk ljdkj dk vlyh psgjk if'pecaxky dh turk ds lkeus vk jgk gSAturk ds la?k"kks± dks iqfyl neu dk lkeukdjuk iM+ jgk gSA
 
vÁSy] 2012
çfrjks/k dk Loj 
3
2011
esa Hkkjr ljdkj us le;&le;ij c;ku fn;s vkSj ,d jk; cuokbZ fd mldh xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkjaVh ;kstuk¼egkRek xkaèkh jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkjaVh;kstuk & eujsxk½ ds dkj.k Ñf"k mRiknuds fy;s miyC/k [ksfrgj etnwjksa dh la[;kesa Hkkjh dVkSrh gqbZ gSA ljdkj us bl rjg dh Hkh le> QSykbZ fd eujsxk ds dkj.kxzkeh.k {ks=kksaes a [ksfrgj etnwjksads osru c<+ x;s gSaA t;jke jes'k ,sls ekgkSy esa xzkeh.kfodkl ds dsUnzh; ea=kh cus ftlesa dsUnzljdkj ds dqN Hkkx] dbZ ,u- th- vks-laxBu rFkk Jh jes'k us [kqn bl ckr ijcgl pyokbZ fd D;k eujsxk dks [ksrh dsekSle es a jksd fn;k tk;s] D;ks afd og [ksfrgj etnwjksa dks [khap ysrh gS \ blls lclsigys ;g LFkkfir djus dh ps"Vk jgh fd etnwjksa dh deh dk fj'rk eujsxk ls gSAfQj ,slk djus ls badkj djds] Jh jes'k usdsUnz ljdkj dh ,slh Nfo cukbZ tSls fd og xzkeh.k xjhc dh nksLr gks vkSj eujsxkdksbZ ,slh ;kstuk gS ftlus Hkkjr ds [ksfrgjetnwjksa dk thou csgrjh ds fy;s cnyfn;k gSA ljdkjh çpkj dh ps"Vk ;gh gS fd blls eryc ;g fudys fd ljdkj us [ksretnwjksa ds chp eujsxk ds rgr mPp osrulEHko djokdj mUgs a ;g rkdr ns nh gS fd os [ksr etnwjksa ds thou ls tqM+s 'kks"k.k dkslgus ls badkj dj ldsaA;g le> QSykus dslkFk&lkFk] Qjojh
2012
esa dsUnz ljdkj us ,d ?kks"k.kk dh gSftldsvuqlkj xzkeh.k bykdksaesa [ksfrgjetnwjksa dh deh gSA ;g izèkkur% blfy;sgksjgk gS D;ksafd ;s etnwj eujsxk esa [khapstk jgs gS a o xzkeh.k ;qod i<+us tk jgs gSaAblls [ksfrgj etnwjksa ds jsV cgqr c<+ x;sgSaA vr%
1
vizSy]
2012
ls fdlkuks a dh muJsf.k;ks a] ftUgsaljdkj pqusxh] dkseujsxk ds etnw j ¼;kuh ftudks bl ;kstuk dsQaM lsiSls feysaxs½ vius [ksrksaesa dke djus dsfy;s fn;s tk;saxsA blls ljdkj NksVs olhekar fdlkuks a dh leL;k gy djsxh ftUgsa u dsoy [ksr etnwj feyus esa eqf'dy gksrhgS cfYd muds Åaps osru nsus esa HkhA bldsvykok fdlkuks a dks dtZ Hkh fn;s tk;saxsftlls os [ksr etnwjks a dh txg ysus okys[ksrh ds vkStkj [kjhn ysaAvkSj bl rjg dsUnz ljdkj] tks xzkeh.ko 'kgjh turk dh cn ls cnrj gksrhgkyrksa ds fy, ftEesnkj gS] vius vkidksNksVsfdlkuks adk ^nksLr* lkfcr djusfudyh gSA ;g ljdkj] tks f'k{kk ds futhdj.k oO;kolk;hdj.k ds fy, ftEesnkj gS] ;g çpkj dj jgh gS fd mlus ,sls gkykr iSnkfd;s gSa ftlesa xjhc xzkeh.k ;qod [ksretnwj ds thou ls ihB eksM+ jgk gSAljdkj us viuh ?kks"k.kk dks lPpkbZ dktkek igukus dh Hkh ps"Vk ugha dh gSA NksVso lhekar fdlku] Hkwfeghu ds lkFk Hkkjr dsfdlkuks adk cgqer gS aA D;k os[ksfrgj etnw jks a dk bLrseky djrs gSa \ mudh tehu ij os[kqn vius ifjokj ds lkFk Je djrs gSaAvkSj rks vkSj] ;s [kqn Hkh nwljksa ds [ksrksa ij[ksfrgj etnwjks adk dke djrsgS a vkSj viuh tehu ifjokj dsJe ij NksM+ nsrs gSaA osfiNM+s rjhdksa ls [ksrh djrs gSa D;ksafd ;ghmudh gkyrksaesa lEHko gSA mudh [ksrh o"kkZo ikfjokfjd Je ij fuHkZj gSA u gh ;s blfLFkfr esa gSa fd ;s ljdkj }kjk fn;s tk jgsdtks±dk bLrseky dj ldsa o ljdkj dksbl ckr dh iwjh tkudkjh gSA ljdkj dh?kks"k.kk >wB gS vkSj bu fdlkuksa dsuke ijvly esa og Hkwlkearks a dks enn djus dhps"Vk dj jgh gSAljdkj dh ?kks"k.kk ds ewy çLrko ijvk;saA D;k ;g lp gS fd Hkkjr esa [ksfrgjetnwjksadh la[;k fxj jgh gS \ ljdkjizpkj rksdj jgh gSijUrq mlus blds fy;sdksbZrF; is'k ugha fd;k gS] cfYd ftrus Hkh rF; gSa os fn[kkrs gSa fd xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esacsjkstxkjh c<+ jgh gSA
2009&2010
ds ,u-,l-,l- ¼jk"Vªh; lSEiy losZ½ ds vkadM+scrkrs gSafd xzkeh.k {ks=k esa xSj&Ñf"k {ks=k esajkstxkj l`tu dh nj
4-65
çfr'kr çfro"kZ ls?kVdj
2-53
çfr'kr çfr o"kZ gksxbZgSA ;kuh xzkeh.k {ks=kksa esa csjkstxkjh c<+ jghgSA
74
izfr'kr csjkstxkj Hkkjr ds xzkeh.kbykdksa esagSaA
75
çfr'kr xzkeh.k turkxjhch js[kk ds uhpsgSA ¼lkU;ky]
2011
½rF; u Hkh gksa( vkSj dksbZ O;kogkfjd lcwr Hkh ljdkj dh ckr fl) ugha djrkgSA ,slsvkadM+sughagaSfd Qly dVus esa;k cksus esa [ksfrgj etnwjksa dh deh ds dkj.knsjh gqbZgSA ijUrq vly es a tksgksjgk gS og  gSfd Hkwlkearksa dksvc iqjkus nkeksa ij[ksfrgj etnwj ughafey jgs gSa vkSj osbldh f'kdk;r dj jgsgS aA vly es aljdkj dh ?kks"k.kk mudh lgk;rk dh ?kks"k.kk gSAijUrq ljdkj dsnq"izpkj ds paxqy esaHkkjr ds Ñf"k {ks=k ds oSKkfudksa dslaLFkkuHkh Qal jgs gSaA fiNys o"kZ ¼
2011
½ esa Ñf"kvFkZ'kkfL=k;ksa dh vf[ky Hkkjrh; dkaÝsal usHkh bl loky ij vius&vkidksdsfUnzr fd;k fd D;k eujsxk ds dkj.k [ksfrgj etnwjksadh deh gks xbZgSA T;knkrj Ñf"k oSKkfudksa us etnwjksa dh deh uksV dh vkSj bls bl;kstuk ls tksM+ fn;k] ijUrq cgqr de usxgjkbZ ls loky dks tkapkA ftUgksaustkapusdh ps"Vk dh] mUgksaus lkspus&le>us ds fy, dbZ rF; is'k fd;s gSaAD;k ;g ;kstuk [ksr etnwjksa dks [khapjgh gS\ ljdkj ds vius vkadM+snks o"kZ iwoZ;g crkrs Fks fd vkSlru bl ;kstuk dsrgr
42
fnu dke izfro"kZizfrifjokj fn;ktk jgk gS] tcdh ;kstuk dk izko/kku
100
fnu izfro"kZ izfrifjokj dk gSA cgqr&lhfjiksVs± Nih gSa fd fjdkMZ >wBs j[ks tkrsgSa]dke djus okyksa dks iSlk ugha feyrk ;kcgqr de feyrk gS rFkk ckdh ljdkjhdeZpkjh gte dj tkrs gSaA bl ;kstuk dsQaM dk irk yxkrs gq, dbZ vkj-Vh-vkbZ-dk;ZdÙkkZvksa dh xzkeh.k ekfQ;k }kjk gR;kdj nh xbZA ;g lc dSls le>k tk ldrkgSvxj lp gS fd bl ;kstuk ds dkj.kxzkeh.k bykdks aes a[ksfrgj etnwjks adsgkykrks a esa bruk lqèkkj gks x;k gS \ijlwjke jk; us ^egku ukSdjh pksjh* ¼nxzsV tkWc jkScjh½ esa eujsxk esa eè;izns'k esa
2100
djksM+ #i;s ds ?kksVkys ds ckjs esafy[kk gSA
2007&08
es a;g izkUr viuseujsxk QaM ds bLrseky esa lcls vkxs FkkA
75
Qhlnh Q.M rks ljdkjh ckcqvksadks ?kwl ds:i esa x;kA eè; izns'k ljdkj us nkokfd;k fd mlus 
4346916
ifjokjks adks 
2753
yk[k O;fDr&fnu dk jkstxkj fn;k ¼;kuhvkSlru
63
fnu izfr o"kZ½A ijUrqtkap Vhe us ik;k fd vizSy
2007
& tuojh
2008
dschp ¼;kuh
10
eghus esa½ gj ifjokj dksvkSlru
10-61
fnu jkstxkj feyk(
2-36
Qhlnh ifjokjks adks 
100
fnu jkstxkj feyk]
65-39
Qhlnh ifjokjksa dks ,d fnu dk
 eujsxk ds dkj.k [ksr etnwjksa dh deh µ ljdkjh >wB 
jkstxkj Hkh ugha feykA vr% blls urhtkfudyrk gSfd izfro"kZgj ifjokj dksvkSlru
13
fnu jkstxkj izkIr gqvk]
63
fnu ughaAljdkj dsvkadM+ks adk dkj.k Fkk fd jkstxkj dkMks± ij ckcqvksa us >w B gh jkstxkj dh,UVªh dj j[kh Fkh] eLVj jksy >wBs Fks oyxHkx gj i{k esa gsjkQsjh dh xbZ FkhA blywV esa lkjh vQlj'kkgh Hkkxhnkj Fkh o gjJs.kh ds vfèkdkfj;ksa dk Hkkx r; FkkA
2006
esa vksfM'kk esa ,d vè;;u esa Hkh ;gh irkpyk fd eujsxk ds 
75
Qhlnh Q.M ljdkjhckcqvksa dks tkrs gSaA;gh fLFkfr gj izkUr esa gSA bl ;kstukds ^egku vlj* dk ljdkjh izpkj es a dbZ,u0th0vks0 viuk Loj tksM+rs g®] ij ;g lc xzkeh.k bykdks a dh rckgh dh vlfy;rij inkZ Mkyus dsiz;kl g®A ijUrq ^eujsxk*dk u rksljdkjh ^vkykspd* u gh lalnh;foi{k ¼ftues a ljdkjh oke ikfVZ;ka 'kkfeyg®½] ;kstuk dsrkSj ij vkykspuk ugha djrs] dsoy mls ykxw djus esa lqèkkjksa dh ppkZdjrsjgrs g®A bldk dkj.k gS fd eujsxkdks ykdj] Hkkjr ds 'kkld oxks± us Hkwfelqèkkjksa dks ,ts.Mk ls xk;c djus dh ps"Vkdh gS( blhfy, dsUæ ljdkj ;g dgusdhps"Vk djrh gS fd ;kstuk xzkeh.k xjhcksa dsthou dkscny jgh gS tcfd vlfy;r ;g gS fd og jkstxkj ;kstuk dh ^lQyrk* dsvius gh izpkj dk bLrseky djus tk jghgS] HkwlkeUrksa dks ljdkjh [kpZ ij [ksretnwj lIykbZdjus ds fy,AdbZ Ñf"k oSKkfudksa us Hkkjr ds fofHkébykdks a ds vè;;u ds vius urhts izdkf'krfd;s g®A ,d us crk;k fd dukZVd vkSjjktLFkku esa
52
Qhlnh turk Ñf"k ijfuHkZj gS] ftuesa[ksfrgj etnw j
32
Qhlnhg®A jkstxkj dh c<+ksÙkjh dk jsV
2-3
QhlnhgSo etnwjksa dk
2-5
QhlnhA ijUrq bykdks aes ac<+rh csjkstxkjh dsckotw n [ksfrgj etnw jks a dh deh gS D;ksafd cktkj es a osru c<+ksÙkjhgks xbZgS ¼ih0,l0 JhdkUrk ew frZbR;kfn½A osvkxs Li"V djrs g® fd eujsxk esa jkstxkjdsvkadM+s bl izpkj dks cy ughansrs fd  eujsxk [ksfrgj entwjksa dks Ñf"k dk;ks± ls[khap jgh gS vkSj etnwjksa dh deh bldkurhtk gSA rfeyukMq ds dqMMkyksj ftysdh ,d tkap esa[ksfrgj etnw jksadh deh ds dkj.k fxuk;s x;s µ vU; LFkkuh; dk;ks±dks csgrj osru ¼tSls feL=kh] c<+bZ] fctyhdk dke bR;kfn½] Ñf"k dk;ks± dk ekSlehLoHkko o dqN vU; dkj.kA bl rjg]ljdkjh vkadM+s gh Li"V djrs g® fd 
2004&05
o
2009&10
ds chp] blls iwoZikap o"kZdh rqyuk es a de jkstxkj dsvolj cusA ;g Hkh ns[kk x;k gS fd xzkeh.k bykdksaesade jkstxkj iSnk gqvk gh] lkFk esaukSdjhds fy, 'kgj tkus ds vkadM+ s Hkh de gq, A
osru c<+ksÙkjh gqbZ gS] [ksfrgjetnwj de ughagq
;g Li"V gS fd ljdkjh izpkj dqN Hkhgks] eujsxk ls vkSlru
40
fnu izfr ifjokjizfr o"kZ jkstxkj gh fey jgk gSA mlesa HkhukSdjh nsuses ao osru nsuses aO;kid Hkz"Vkpkj gSA bl iw jh fLFkfr esarF;ksa ls Hkh o ljdkj dh Qjojh
2012
dh ?kks"k.kk ls Hkh ;g Li"V gS fd [ksfrgj etnwj iqjkus nkeksa ijdke ughadj jgsA T;knk osru ij miyCèk g®A D;k bl rF; ls ;g fl) gksrk gS fd xzkeksa esavkfFkZd fLFkfr;ksaesa lqèkkj gS \ D;k;g fl) gksrk gS fd eujsxk ds dkj.k[ksfrgj etnwjksadh vkfFkZd rkdr csgrjgks xbZ gS \ugha ! ljdkj dk izpkj fd Hkkjr dsxzkeh.k {ks=k es a vkfFkZd [kq'kgkyh QSy jghgS] >w B gSA ;g yxkrkj izpkj dj jgh gS fd  xkao ds yksxksads [kkus ds Lrj esa lqèkkj gS]xjhch fxj jgh gS vkSj bl lc dks eujsxkdh lQyrk dslkFk tksM+rs g®A lPpkbZ ;g gS fd Hkkjr dh efgykvksa esa [kwu dh dehc<+ jgh gS] cPps dqiksf"kr g®] 'kgjksa esafHk[kkfj;ksa o cs?kjksa dh la[;k c<+ jgh gSvkSj xkaoksa esa Hkw[k dh ek=kk HkhA ns'k es a Ñf"kladV gS vkSj ;g mRiknu esa Bgjko o Ñf"kmRikndrk esa ?kVrh c<+ksÙkjh dsdkj.k gSAns'k es a vkS|ksfxd ladV Hkh gSblfy, xzkeh.k csjkstxkj ds fy, jkstxkj ds volj ?kVjgs g®Afdlkuksaij cgqr ncko gSA [ksrh dsfy,  fctyh] [kkn] cht] Mhty & lc lkeku dsnkeksaesa c<+ksÙkjh gqbZ gS D;ksafd fo'o O;kikjlaxBu dh 'kÙkks ±dsvuqdw y Ñf"k es a^vuqnku* esa dVkSrh dh tk jgh gSA eè;e fdlku ocM+sfdlku Hkh ncko dk lkeuk dj jgs gSaAÑf"k es a equkQk de gksrk tk jgk gSA
c<+rh egaxkbZ
ns'k esa yxkrkj egaxkbZ c<+ jgh gSA#i;sdh dher fxj jgh gSA U;wure osruesa ?kksf"kr c<+ksÙkjh Hkh blds vuqdwy ughagSA blfy, [ksfrgj etnw jks adsfy, ;g vlEHko gks x;k gS fd iqjkusosruksaij os dke djsaAml osru lsrks muds thou dh U;wurevko';d t:jrsa Hkh iwjh ugha gksikrhaAeè;e vkSj èkuh fdlkuksa ds fy, Hkh ;g lEHko ugha jgk fd os [ksr etnwjksa dks c<+sgq, osru nsa] D;ksafd muds Åij igys ghvkfFkZd ncko gSA lkFk gh vko';d [kk| oLrqvksa] nwljh vko';d oLrqvksa vkSjrsy&isVªksy ds nke yxkrkj c<+jgs g®A vxjÑf"k mRiknu dsnke c<+ s rks egaxkbZc<+ksÙkjh vkSj rhoz gks tk,xhA iwjh fLFkfr dks Ñf"kladV vkSj xEHkhj cuk jgk gSA bl fLFkfresafdlkuks ads bu rcdks a dks[ksfrgj etnw jks a dks csgrj osru nsus esa eqf'dy gks jgh gSAHkw&lkeUrksa dk loky nwljk gSA os [ksfrgjetnwjks a dks igysls vfèkd osru nsuk ughapkgrs vkSj 'kkld O;oLFkk dk Hkkx gksus dsukrs os ljdkjh e'khujh lsviuh lqfoèkkds fy, dke djokrs g®A mudh lsok esa ghHkkjr ljdkj us ?kksf"kr fd;k fd ?kksf"krJsf.k;ksa dks eujsxk ds Q.M ls [ksr etnwjfeysaxs ij turk dks èkks[kk nsus ds fy, bldne dksNksVsfdlku ds fgr esafn[kkusdh ps"Vk dh xbZ gSA vly esa ;g ljdkjh?kks"k.kk Hkkjr ds fdlkuksadh ijs'kkfu;ksa dksizfrfcfEcr djrh gS ftuds ckjs esa ljdkjdksfcYdqy fQØ ugha gSAÑf"k es aBgjko dk ew y dkj.k v)Zlkearh Ñf"k lEcUèk g®A Hkwfe lqèkkj vkSj tksrusokys dks tehu nsus dk loky èkhjs&èkhjsljdkjh vk'okluksa ls Hkh ckgj gks x;k gSAHkkjr ds fy, ,dek=k jkLrk Hkwfe lqèkkj gS]tksfd Ñf"k mRiknu esa Bgjko dks rksM+ldrk gS o fdlkuksa dh [kjhnus dh {kerkdksc<+k ldrk gS ijUrq 'kkld O;oLFkk o'kkldoxhZ; ikfVZ;ka rks Hkw&lkearksa dh lsokdjrh g® vkSj os bl t:jr ls è;ku gVkus
('ks"k i`"B 6 ij) 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->