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m4l29 Lesson 29 The Direct Stiffness Method: Beams (Continued)

m4l29 Lesson 29 The Direct Stiffness Method: Beams (Continued)

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Published by Vitor Dias Do Vale
Online lecture notes – module 1 (energy methods); module 2 (force method); module 3 (displacement method); module 4 (direct stiffness method); module 5 (cables and arches); module 6 (approximate methods); module 7 (influence lines)- Authorship: Modules 1 – 6 written by Prof. L. S. Ramachandra, Module 7 written by Prof. S. K. Barai, both of IIT Kharagpur - available at http://www.facweb.iitkgp.ernet.in/~baidurya/CE21004/online_lecture_notes/online_lecture_modules.htmlOnline lecture notes – module 1 (energy methods); module 2 (force method); module 3 (displacement method); module 4 (direct stiffness method); module 5 (cables and arches); module 6 (approximate methods); module 7 (influence lines)- Authorship: Modules 1 – 6 written by Prof. L. S. Ramachandra, Module 7 written by Prof. S. K. Barai, both of IIT Kharagpur - available at http://www.facweb.iitkgp.ernet.in/~baidurya/CE21004/online_lecture_notes/online_lecture_modules.html
Online lecture notes – module 1 (energy methods); module 2 (force method); module 3 (displacement method); module 4 (direct stiffness method); module 5 (cables and arches); module 6 (approximate methods); module 7 (influence lines)- Authorship: Modules 1 – 6 written by Prof. L. S. Ramachandra, Module 7 written by Prof. S. K. Barai, both of IIT Kharagpur - available at http://www.facweb.iitkgp.ernet.in/~baidurya/CE21004/online_lecture_notes/online_lecture_modules.htmlOnline lecture notes – module 1 (energy methods); module 2 (force method); module 3 (displacement method); module 4 (direct stiffness method); module 5 (cables and arches); module 6 (approximate methods); module 7 (influence lines)- Authorship: Modules 1 – 6 written by Prof. L. S. Ramachandra, Module 7 written by Prof. S. K. Barai, both of IIT Kharagpur - available at http://www.facweb.iitkgp.ernet.in/~baidurya/CE21004/online_lecture_notes/online_lecture_modules.html

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Published by: Vitor Dias Do Vale on May 21, 2012
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 Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur
Module4
Analysis of Statically IndeterminateStructures by the DirectStiffness
 
Method
 
 Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur
Lesson29
 The Direct StiffnessMethod: Beams(Continued)
 
 Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur
Instructional Objectives
After reading this chapter the student will be able to1. Compute moments developed in the continuous beam due to supportsettlements.2. Compute moments developed in statically indeterminate beams due totemperature changes.3. Analyse continuous beam subjected to temperature changes and supportsettlements.
29.1 Introduction
In the last two lessons, the analysis of continuous beam by direct stiffness matrixmethod is discussed. It is assumed in the analysis that the supports areunyielding and the temperature is maintained constant. However, supportsettlements can never be prevented altogether and hence it is necessary tomake provisions in design for future unequal vertical settlements of supports andprobable rotations of fixed supports. The effect of temperature changes andsupport settlements can easily be incorporated in the direct stiffness method andis discussed in this lesson. Both temperature changes and support settlementsinduce fixed end actions in the restrained beams. These fixed end forces arehandled in the same way as those due to loads on the members in the analysis.In other words, the global load vector is formulated by considering fixed endactions due to both support settlements and external loads. At the end, a fewproblems are solved to illustrate the procedure.
29.2 Support settlements
Consider continuous beam
 ABC 
as shown in Fig. 29.1a. Assume that the flexuralrigidity of the continuous beam is constant throughout. Let the support
 B
settlesby an amount
Δ
as shown in the figure. The fixed end actions due to loads areshown in Fig. 29.1b. The support settlements also induce fixed end actions andare shown in Fig. 29.1c. In Fig. 29.1d, the equivalent joint loads are shown. Sincethe beam is restrained against displacement in Fig. 29.1b and Fig. 29.1c, thedisplacements produced in the beam by the joint loads in Fig. 29.1d must beequal to the displacement produced in the beam by the actual loads in Fig.29.1a. Thus to incorporate the effect of support settlement in the analysis it isrequired to modify the load vector by considering the negative of the fixed endactions acting on the restrained beam.

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