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Rice Today Vol. 11, No. 1

Rice Today Vol. 11, No. 1

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Published by Rice Today
January-March 2012
Seeds of life in Nepal
ANMI fights off a vampire insect
Rice in Japan: Beyond 3.11
Golden offspring
Striking a balance
"Train us"
Plight of the rice birds
January-March 2012
Seeds of life in Nepal
ANMI fights off a vampire insect
Rice in Japan: Beyond 3.11
Golden offspring
Striking a balance
"Train us"
Plight of the rice birds

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Published by: Rice Today on May 22, 2012
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1
Rice Today
 
January-March 2012
 
 www.irri.org
International Rice Research InstituteJanuary-March 2012, Vol. 11, No. 1
ISSN 1655-5422
 
contents
Vol. 11, No. 1
EDITORIAL ................................................................4
A decade o rice storytelling
NEWS .........................................................................5SEEDS OF LIFE IN NEPAL ......................................10
Farmers in Nepal are producing enough quality seedsto ensure good harvests and sucient ood on thetable
RICE BREEDING BRINGS BILLIONS TO SOUTHEASTASIA .....................................................................14
Farmers in Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippinesbenet by the billion thanks to research
ANMI FIGHTS OFF A VAMPIRE INSECT ................16
Scientists rom IRRI and RDA developed ANMI, a ricevariety that can withstand brown planthopper,South Korea’s most destructive insect pest, amongother problems
WAKING UP A GIANT IN THE GLOBAL FOODINDUSTRY ...........................................................19
India is emerging as the rontliner in agriculture andcould become the global ood basket
RICE IN JAPAN: BEYOND 3.11 ...............................20
Japanese armers and consumers struggle toovercome the lingering eects o the earthquakethat struck Fukushima
RICE: ETHIOPIA’S MILLENNIUM CROP .................26
Rice is now a major livelihood option or armers inEthiopia and an important crop or the country’sood security
MAPS .......................................................................28
Rice cropping patterns in Bangladesh
COUNTRY HIGHLIGHT: IRRI IN BANGLADESH ....30GOLDEN OFFSPRING .............................................32
Clemson entomologist Merle Shepard developsCharleston Gold, an aromatic and tasty long-graingolden rice
STRIKING A BALANCE............................................34
India’s 2010-11 bumper crop and low export pricesoten the impact o historic fooding in the MekongDelta and o the Thai rice mortgage program
“TRAIN US”..............................................................36
A Filipino armer’s desire to be taught brought rice-growing best practices to his arming community
PLIGHT OF THE RICE BIRDS...................................38
Do we want a world where Java has lost its sparrow?
SOWING THE SEEDS OF RICE SCIENCE ................40
IRRI’s 50 years o providing training played a criticalrole in building research and extension capacity inglobal rice science
2
Rice Today
 
January-March 2012
3
Rice Today
 
January-March 2012
cover
Juan Lazaro IV
publisher
Jeremy Zwinger
associate publisher
Sophie Clayton
managing editor
V. Subramanian
editors
Lanie Reyes, Aileen Macalintal
contributing writers
Gene Hettel, Samarendu Mohanty, Andrew Nelson,Alaric Santiaguel, Lovely Merlicel Quipot, Ma. Lizbeth Baroña,Paula Bianca Ferrer
Arica editor
Savitri Mohapatra (AfricaRice)
copy editor
Bill Hardy
art director
Juan Lazaro IV
designer and production supervisor
Grant Leceta
photo editors
Chris Quintana, Isagani Serrano
circulation
Lourdes Columbres
Web master
Darell Sison, Alaric Francis Santiaguel
printer
DHL Global Mail (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
RiceToday 
is published by The Rice Trader Inc. (TRT) in association with theInternational Rice Research Institute (IRRI). TRT, or 22 years, has brought subscribers crucial, up-to-the-minute inormationon rice trade through its weekly publication,
TheRiceTrader.
Acknowledged asthe only source o condential inormation about the rice market, this weeklysummary o market data analysis has helped both the leading commercial ricecompanies and regional government ocials make inormed decisions, which arecritical in today’s market.IRRI is the world’s leading international rice research and training center. Basedin the Philippines and with oces located in major rice-growing countries, IRRIis an autonomous, nonprot institution ocused on improving the well-being o present and uture generations o rice armers and consumers, particularly thosewith low incomes, while preserving natural resources. It is one o the 15 nonprotinternational research centers supported, in part, by members o the ConsultativeGroup on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR – www.cgiar.org) and a rangeo other unding agencies.Responsibility or this publication rests with TRT and IRRI. Designations usedin this publication should not be construed as expressing TRT or IRRI policy oropinion on the legal status o any country, territory, city, or area, or its authorities,or the delimitation o its rontiers or boundaries.
RiceToday 
welcomes comments and suggestions rom readers.
RiceToday 
 assumes no responsibility or loss o or damage to unsolicited submissions, whichshould be accompanied by sucient return postage. The opinions expressed by columnists in
RiceToday 
do not necessarily refectthe views o TRT or IRRI.
InternationalRice Research Institute 2012Thismagazine iscopyrightedby the InternationalRice Research Institute (IRRI)andislicensedoruse underaCreative CommonsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License(Unported).Unlessotherwise noted,usersare ree to copy,duplicate,orreproduce,anddistribute,display,ortransmitany o the articlesorportionso the articles,andto make translations,adaptations,orotherderivative worksunderspecicconditions.To view the ull text o this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/.
Coverswithinacover.
We are proud that we have madeit to 10 years o 
RiceToday 
magazine and it's all becauseo our loyal readers like you. To celebrate this historicmoment, we created a collage o covers representing adecade o storytelling about everything and anythingrelated to rice. And, rom here, as the new bannerpublication o the Global Rice Science Partnership, wewill eature even more articles rom various rice researchinstitutes and private organizations and rom all cornerso the Earth.
International Rice Research Institute
DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, PhilippinesWeb (IRRI): www.irri.org; www.irri.org/ricetodayWeb (Library): http://ricelib.irri.cgiar.orgWeb (Rice Knowledge Bank): www.knowledgebank.irri.org
Rice Today 
editorialtelephone: (+63-2) 580-5600 or (+63-2) 844-3351 to 53, ext 2725; ax: (+63-2) 580-5699or (+63-2) 845-0606; email: mia.aureus@thericetrader.com, l.reyes@cgiar.org
The Rice Trader Inc.
2707 Notre Dame Blvd., Chico, CA 95928Web: www.thericetrader.com
 
SPONSORSHIP/EXHIBITIONAVAILABLITY …
 
Corporate Sponsorship
 
Lunch/Dinner
Coffee Break 
 
Banners
 
Contact—Mark Deming for moreinformation
TRT RICE AMERICAS CONFERENCE, Founded by
The Rice Trader 
 
in 2007, hasgrown to be the premier rice event in the Americas’ with record breaking attend-ance in both delegates and exhibitors in Panama. Our 2012 event in Miami promis-es to be even bigger…
Mark your calendars for The 6th annual TRT Rice AmericasConference to be held in Miami, FL May 1-3, 2012!
Contact: Mark Deming
 — 
mark.deming@thericetrader.com or call at (530) 345 4140
WHAT’S COOKING? ................................................42
Sot-centered chocolate pudding using rice four
HIDDEN TREASURE ................................................43
Truths about 2012
RICE FACTS ..............................................................44
Odisha: The uture granary o India
GRAIN OF TRUTH ...................................................46
Managing pests with nature
 
News
A decade o rice storytelling
4
Rice Today
 
January-March 2012
5
Rice Today
 
January-March 2012
A
 
 popular magazine about rice? Hmmm … What will youwrite about ater the frst issue? 
 That’s what I’m told oneskeptic asked back in 2001 when IRRI was contemplatingthe development o a popular magazine devoted solely torice. Indeed, when IRRI management decided to proceedwith the experiment with the rst issue o 
Rice Today 
in April2002, some apprehension was evident about having enougheditorial content to put between the covers on a regular basis.However, as our award-winning
Rice Today 
magazinecelebrates its 10th anniversary in 2012, one only has to viewthis issue’s
cover o covers
to see that rice is a multiacetedand vital topic about which interesting and spellbindingnews and eature stories can be written. This is true even ora quarterly ormat in which any single issue now has no lessthan 48 pages—and sometimes more!Leang through the 34 issues published over the lastdecade, I’m amazed by the diversity o subjects that ourlegion o writers have covered rom all corners o the riceworld. Indulge me or a moment as I list just a smattering o some o my avorites:
•ReplantingCambodia’skillingelds(2002)•SowingpeaceinSouthAsiawithrice-wheat(2002)•InterplantingdressesChineseeldsinpinstripes(2003)•Preciouscargo:SeedsoflifeforEastTimor(2003)•Theartofrice:Foodforthespirit(2004)•Cryingtime:Womenlearntocopewhentheirmenfolk
leave the arm (2004)
•Drought—ghtingthedrycurse(2005)•Thegenomesequence:Makingwavesinresearch(2006)•Thedirectapproach:Movingawayfromtransplantingin
South Asia (2006)
•Ricetradeliberalization:Examiningatrickyissue(2006)•IR8:Thericethatchangedtheworld(2006)•Riceandclimatechange:What’stobedone?(2007)•VietnamandLaos:Makingtheuplandsproductive(2007)•Bird’s-eyeviewoftheenduringIfugaoriceculture(2008)•Copingwiththericecrisis(2008)•IRRIPioneerInterviews(2008-10)•Howmuchwaterdoesriceneed?(2009)•Scubarice:Newvarietiessavefarmsfromoods(2009)•Uganda’sricerevolution(2009)•Prayingforrain:Perilsofthedelayedmonsoon(2009)•Whycold-tolerantriceisneeded(2010)•PocketsofgoldinAfrica(2010)•WaterharvestinginLatinAmerica(2010)•Riceinthecity(2011)•TheAmericashavetwofaces(2011)•Howtofeed9billionpeoplein2050(2011)
 The current issue continues in this ne tradition o storytelling with eatures about rice in Japan beyond 3.11(page 20), Ethiopia’s millennium crop (page 26), the plight o the rice birds (page 38), and many more.O course, rice and the activities that surround it arequite photogenic. We have exploited this aspect since ourApril 2006 issue with our breathtaking centerolds. I look orward to this two-page spread in each issue. See thecurrent one on pages 24-25 eaturing traditional threshingo rice in Ethiopia using the hooves o trampling oxen.I also look orward to what have become regulareatures in each issue in recent years: a two-page mapspread (this issue shows rice cropping patterns inBangladesh on pages 28 and 29) and mouth-watering ricerecipes rom members o the IRRI community (this issueeatures sot-centered chocolate pudding using rice four onpage 42).Since our April 2002 issue, the magazine has grown indistribution and reputation. It has carved out importantniches in the publishing world—in traditional hardcopy,on the Web (now upgraded at www.irri.org/ricetoday), andthrough an email version (sign up by sending a messageto ino_ricetoday@irri.org). The magazine is now beingdistributed electronically to 13,000 subscribers includingconsumers, donors, and partners. The Rice Trader (TRT), as publisher, and IRRI have nowbeen successully producing the magazine together ornearly 3 years. This unique partnership has opened up moreadvertising opportunities to help support the magazineand provide inormation about private-sector products andservices.In our next issue, we will be announcing the memberso an Editorial Board or the magazine, which will refect themakeup o the Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP), therst research program o the new CGIAR (Consultative Groupon International Agricultural Research). The diverse mix o persons on the Editorial Board should bring in a plethora o new ideas and keep us abreast o the latest innovations andachievements o the men and women in rice science andtrade in Asia, Arica, and the Americas.Yes, as
Rice Today 
enters its second decade, the uturelooks bright. The printed, Web, and e-
Rice Today 
versionso the magazine continue to evolve into a global mediapresence and resource in an ever-changing world. Theproduction team needs and wants your eedback andideas. Let the team know what you think! I do regularly.
 
Robert S. Zeigler
IRRI Director General
A
 
traditional farming technique that
cultivates rice and sh side by side
could help small farmers earn more
money from their crops and reduce the
impact on the environment, according to
a study.When sh were introduced intoooded paddy elds, farmers were ableto grow the same amount of grain as inconventional rice monoculture, but withtwo-thirds less pesticide and a quarter less fertilizer, according to a 6-year studyconducted in China.This rice-sh co-culture could lessen
the environmental impact of agriculturalchemicals and help make rice farming
more protable, said the study published
in the
 Proceedings of the National  Academy of Sciences
, USA.“In areas where land and water are limited for developing both riceand sh production, it is important toconduct rice-sh co-culture,” said Dr.Xin Chen, lead author of the study and professor at Zhejiang University in
Fish and ric urish tgthr
China. She added that the techniqueshould be combined with modern
techniques such as irrigation and the
use of machinery.Dr. Zainul Abedin, a farmingsystems specialist at the International
Rice Research Institute in Bangladesh,explained that the practice can generate
twice as much income compared withgrowing just rice.
Source: www.scidev.net 
 
Farmers can pf  by bg fhd  pdu d by d.
R
ice consumers worldwide can nowlook forward to eating “green” ricewith the launch of an initiative thatwill set environmentally sustainable andsocially responsible standards on rice production management.The “Sustainable Rice Platform” willelevate rice production to a new level byhelping farmers—whether subsistenceor market-focused—boost their rice production, keep the environment healthy,facilitate safer working conditions, and
generate higher incomes to overcome
 poverty and improve food security.The Sustainable Rice Platform willset sustainability targets, develop and promote regional and global standardsof best practices for rice production,
and support rice farmers to adopt these
 practices. It will also identify criteria toassess how well the sustainability targetsare being met and whether farmers areimplementing the practices.
Green: the new color o rice
“For example, we will harness our know-how to set standards to better 
manage insect pests in rice to reduce theunsafe and ineffective use of pesticides,
which can damage the environmentand the health of farmers,” said Dr. BasBouman, who will lead the work at the
International Rice Research Institute
(IRRI)—one of the project partners.
“We can also develop and promote
the use of specialized eld calculators to
determine the environmental footprint of 
water, carbon, greenhouse gas emissions,or chemical use,” he added.“There are many differentsustainable technologies and practicesfor rice—the world’s most importantfood crop that feeds half the planet,”said Mr. James Lomax, from the United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP) that initiated the SustainableRice Platform.“The trouble is, we need a way todeliver and upscale these practices,” headded.The Sustainable Rice Platforminitiative was launched on 30 November 2011 at IRRI headquarters in the
 presence of representatives from IRRI,
UNEP, Kellogg Company, Louis Dreyfus
Commodities and other companies,and national government agencies from
Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, Vietnam,Malaysia, and the Philippines.
“Green” rice  h g  h w su-bl r Pl h wll dvlp v-lly dly d lly pbl dd  pdu.
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