tract.hiccupsSpasm of diaphragm and spasmotic closureof the glottis- irritation to diaphragm orphrenic nerve.sneezingAir forced through nose to clear respiratorytract.yawningDeep prolonged breath that fills the lungs,increases oxygen within the blood.neural factorsof breathingcontrolRespiratory center located in medullaoblongata (in the brain). Increase in CO2and decrease in O2 in the blood will triggerrespiratory center.phrenic nerve Stimulates the diaphragm.chemicalfactors of breathingcontrolDepends on the levels of CO2 in the blood.Chemoreceptors in aorta and carotidarteries sensitive to the amount of bloodoxygen
Introduction to the organs involved in the respiratory system
The respiratory system consists of a set of organs that help in breathing of air in and outof the body. They provide a
passage way for air to flow in and out of the body
. Theair taken in is stored in the
lungs where oxygen from the air is diffused into theblood stream
, and carbon di oxide from the blood stream diffuses out of into the air.Thus, the air which we breath in contains more Oxygen while the air which we breathout contains more of Carbon di oxide.
The main respiratory organs are as follows:-
Structure and Functions of Organs Involved in theRespiratory System
The nose has two external nostrils . These are separated by a cartilaginous (made up ofcartilage) structure called septum. Hairs are present in the inner lining of the nostrils.