suggestive.In Book IV he writes about Queen Dido who,performs various rites in preparation of that suprememoment and finally:"Dido herself with consecrated grainin her pure hands, as she went near the altars, freed onefoot from sandal straps, let fall her dress ungirdled, and,now sworn to death, called on the gods and stars thatknew her fate." It is also noteworthy that she was sup-posed to be of Tyrian origin.There is a Byzantine paintingknown as "Our Lady of Perpetual Help," which picturesthe divine child in his mothers’arms.Angels are shown ateither side with implements of the Crucifixion.The child isturning towards an angel, and one of his shoes is fallingoff.
RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF A FELLOW-CRAFT
In addition to the rights you acquired as an EnteredApprentice Mason, you have the right to sit in a Lodgewhen opened in the Fellowcraft Degree, when accompa-nied by a Master Mason who has sat in Lodge with you.You may visit another Lodge opened in the FellowcraftDegree.You have the right to be instructed and examined.If found proficient, you may request advancement to thenext degree.The responsibilities are found in part in theObligation, and you should review these along with theObligation of the Entered Apprentice.Finally, you arereminded that you are to acquire the special knowledgeintroduced in this Degree and seek to apply that knowl-edge to your duties in life so you can occupy your place insociety with satisfaction and honor.
THE WORKING TOOLS
The Square is the symbol of morality, truthfulness andhonesty.The direction of the two sides of the Square forman angle of 90°, or a right direction), until we meet again.
The Level is a symbol of equality.We do not mean equal-ity in wealth, social distinction, civic office, or service tomankind;but, rather, also symbolizes the passage oftime.
The Plumb is a symbol of uprightness of conduct.InFreemasonry, it is associated with the plumb line whichthe Lord promised Amos he giving another man his due.
OTHER IMPORTANT SYMBOLSTHE PILLARS ON THE PORCH
Two pillars were placed at the entrance to King Solomon'sTemple, which are symbolically represented within everyMasonic Lodge.These pillars are symbols of strength andestablishment - and by implication, power and control.One must remember that power and control are placedbefore you, so you might realize that power without con-trol is anarchy, or that control without power is futility.Manmust have both if his life is to be successful.The construc-tion of dual pillars, obelisks, sphinxes and so on was notuncommon in the ancient Near East.It is not known whattheir exact symbolism was.Speculation ranges from theirsignifying duality (that duality or polarity are twin forcesthroughout Creation), guardianship of the temple, sym-bolic gateways, to the idea of being a connection betweenheaven and earth.Some researchers have thought thatthe two pillars before Solomon’s Temple represented thePillar of Cloud and the Pillar of Fire which led theIsraelites through the desert to the Promised Land.It wastheir guide in the light as well as in the dark.The globeson the columns are said to be the celestial and terrestrialspheres representing heaven and earth.The two pillarsalso correspond to the Three Great Supports of Masonry.The columns of Wisdom and Strength are emblematicallyrepresented by the pillars in the South and North, respec-tively.The candidate, as he is brought into the Lodge,comes to represent the third column of Beauty orBalance.
THE WINDING STAIRCASE
As we mentioned before, the Winding Staircase is a sym-bol of ascension.It is described as consisting of three,five, and seven steps.further research and insight.Thesignificance of the number three has already been men-tioned.We have the three Degrees, the Three GreatLights, the three Columns, the three Officers, the ThreeGrand Masters and the three Principle Tenets ofFreemasonry.What we want to emphasize here is theThree Theological Virtues:Faith, Hope, and Charity.These virtues were considered a ladder to heaven, anoth-er symbol of ascent.The Four Cardinal Virtues presentedin the First Degree compliment these in the sense that theFour are symbolically horizontal (basically dealing withour actions here on earth) while the Three are symbolical-ly vertical (referring to our method of ascent to furtherlight).Our Aprons are composite examples of the Threeand the Four making Seven.The Five Steps are alsoexplained in some detail.A few points for further consid-eration concern the symbolism of the number five.Thegeometrical symbol of five is, of course, the pentagram.The emblem of Pythagoras’fraternity was the five-pointedstar.At each point of the star was a Greek letter which alltogether spelled a Greek word meaning "health" (ugitha).The pentagram is a symbol of the Microcosm, that is,Man.Cathedral School of Chartres in 12th CenturyFrance.The interesting work that came together here wasthe union of the Liberal Arts was entitled to the designa-tion of architect.