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Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach Chapter 7

Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach Chapter 7

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7-1
Solutions Manual for 
Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach
Seventh EditionYunus A. Cengel, Michael A. BolesMcGraw-Hill, 2011
Chapter 7ENTROPY
 
PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL
This Manual is the proprietary property of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (“McGraw-Hill”) and protected by copyright and other state and federal laws. By opening and using this Manual the user agrees to the following restrictions, and if the recipient does not agree to these restrictions, the Manualshould be promptly returned unopened to McGraw-Hill:
This Manual is being provided only toauthorized professors and instructors for use in preparing for the classes using the affiliatedtextbook. No other use or distribution of this Manual is permitted. This Manual may not be soldand may not be distributed to or used by any student or other third party. No part of thisManual may be reproduced, displayed or distributed in any form or by any means, electronic orotherwise, without the prior written permission of McGraw-Hill.
PROPRIETARY MATERIAL
 preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
 
. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course
 
 
7-2
Entropy and the Increase of Entropy Principle
7-1C
No. A system may produce more (or less) work than it receives during a cycle. A steam power plant, for example, produces more work than it receives during a cycle, the difference being the net work output.
7-2C
The entropy change will be the same for both cases since entropy is a property and it has a fixed value at a fixedstate.
7-3C
 No. In general, that integral will have a different value for different processes. However, it will have the same valuefor all reversible processes.
7-4C
That integral should be performed along a reversible path to determine the entropy change.
7-5C
No. An isothermal process can be irreversible. Example: A system that involves paddle-wheel work while losing anequivalent amount of heat.
7-6C
The value of this integral is always larger for reversible processes.
7-7C
 No. Because the entropy of the surrounding air increases even more during that process, making the total entropychange positive.
7-8C
It is possible to create entropy, but it is not possible to destroy it.
7-9C
If the system undergoes a reversible process, the entropy of the system cannot change without a heat transfer.Otherwise, the entropy must increase since there are no offsetting entropy changes associated with reservoirs exchangingheat with the system.
7-10C
The claim that work will not change the entropy of a fluid passing through an adiabatic steady-flow system with asingle inlet and outlet is true only if the process is also reversible. Since no real process is reversible, there will be anentropy increase in the fluid during the adiabatic process in devices such as pumps, compressors, and turbines.
7-11C
Sometimes.
PROPRIETARY MATERIAL
 preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
 
. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course
 
 
7-3
 7-12C
Never.
7-13C
Always.
7-14C
Increase.
7-15C
Increases.
7-16C
Decreases.
7-17C
Sometimes.
7-18C
Greater than.
7-19C
Yes. This will happen when the system is losing heat, and the decrease in entropy as a result of this heat loss isequal to the increase in entropy as a result of irreversibilities.
7-20C
They are heat transfer, irreversibilities, and entropy transport with mass.
PROPRIETARY MATERIAL
 preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
 
. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course

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