Entropy and the Increase of Entropy Principle
No. A system may produce more (or less) work than it receives during a cycle. A steam power plant, for example, produces more work than it receives during a cycle, the difference being the net work output.
The entropy change will be the same for both cases since entropy is a property and it has a fixed value at a fixedstate.
No. In general, that integral will have a different value for different processes. However, it will have the same valuefor all reversible processes.
That integral should be performed along a reversible path to determine the entropy change.
No. An isothermal process can be irreversible. Example: A system that involves paddle-wheel work while losing anequivalent amount of heat.
The value of this integral is always larger for reversible processes.
No. Because the entropy of the surrounding air increases even more during that process, making the total entropychange positive.
It is possible to create entropy, but it is not possible to destroy it.
If the system undergoes a reversible process, the entropy of the system cannot change without a heat transfer.Otherwise, the entropy must increase since there are no offsetting entropy changes associated with reservoirs exchangingheat with the system.
The claim that work will not change the entropy of a fluid passing through an adiabatic steady-flow system with asingle inlet and outlet is true only if the process is also reversible. Since no real process is reversible, there will be anentropy increase in the fluid during the adiabatic process in devices such as pumps, compressors, and turbines.
preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course