Paris to the other (Earls). The volume of the renovation was astonishing, impressing Parisiansand tourists alike, and helping Paris secure its claim to the world’s most famous city.The more money Napoleon III could spend on Paris, the more powerful France would appear.To illustrate, he spent over 2.5 billion francs (about 22 billion current US dollars) on Paristhroughout its two-decade rebuilding. Previous administrations had made attempts to revitalizeParis, but could do little but patchwork. Napoleon III gave the entire city a new look,demonstrating the power of France and the efficiency of his government (Bowditch 313). TheSecond Empire was not marked by desire to dominate Europe, as its predecessor had been, butwas rather an Empire “secure in its illusions of grandeur and lasting prosperity.” (Baguley 195) Napoleon rebuilt Paris with a utopian vision of the city, which he imagined to extend to all of France. Paris was designed to emulate utopian communities: much of the working class lived inapartments around the outside of the city, near the factories in which they worked.Paris had grown with no plan since medieval times, and by 1850 its population had grown toover one million people. Narrow, bending passages between buildings worked their way throughthe city, and were so complex that not a single map of Paris existed in 1849. These alleys wereheavily polluted and crowded with wagons and people, and made filthy by cesspools (Earls). If Napoleon III could delight most of the one million people in France’s biggest and mostinfluential city, his administration could prove to be efficient at satisfying the interests of their subjects.So, Napoleon III began organizing his reconstruction in 1849, when he ordered atriangulation of Paris to create a map. Additionally, the Emperor created a prototype depictinghis vision of the city. However, Napoleon III’s lines for new streets went straight through some buildings, slums, and houses, making the rebuild of Paris a massive endeavor.