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Leeching in Traditional Practice of Kashmir (J of Res and Deve Vol. 2, 2002)

Leeching in Traditional Practice of Kashmir (J of Res and Deve Vol. 2, 2002)

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Published by Younis Munshi
JO,U'R,NAL Q'F RESEAR'CIH AND' D,EVE,LO'PMENT

~@~IOOill-D'

lilt xasnrmr Uruversrty or K h ·
I



S'RINAGA R-11 90006 (J&K)

l.fttbin& in Traditional

Practice of Kashmir

Munsbi '·o,.ois. M. Yousuf. M. Iqbal and lrf.t An
RegIonal Srinagar, Research Institute of Unani ~b1lClne India IRRIlIM,. Umversuy of Kashmir,

Jammu and Kashmir.

ABSTRACT
Leeches h lJ been ~Iltherupeuuc tl":i!C tTom hmc, unnWrtI{If1;lr u~ kJ:;!JlfHf V;ftHt;;).The. ccocept h. ~ been lJ,1Unani d.\.-rsl\',," ......·"lakeq~.
JO,U'R,NAL Q'F RESEAR'CIH AND' D,EVE,LO'PMENT

~@~IOOill-D'

lilt xasnrmr Uruversrty or K h ·
I



S'RINAGA R-11 90006 (J&K)

l.fttbin& in Traditional

Practice of Kashmir

Munsbi '·o,.ois. M. Yousuf. M. Iqbal and lrf.t An
RegIonal Srinagar, Research Institute of Unani ~b1lClne India IRRIlIM,. Umversuy of Kashmir,

Jammu and Kashmir.

ABSTRACT
Leeches h lJ been ~Iltherupeuuc tl":i!C tTom hmc, unnWrtI{If1;lr u~ kJ:;!JlfHf V;ftHt;;).The. ccocept h. ~ been lJ,1Unani d.\.-rsl\',," ......·"lakeq~.

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Published by: Younis Munshi on May 23, 2012
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04/18/2014

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JO,U'R,NAL
Q'F
RESEAR'CIH
AND'
D,EVE,LO'PMENT
~@~IOOill-D'
U
I
lilt
Kh·
uversrtyorxasnrmr
S'RINAGAR-1190006(J&K)
 
ABSTRACT
l.fttbin&inTraditionalPracticeof
Kashmir
Munsbio,.ois.M.Yousuf.M.Iqbaland
lrf.tAn
RegIonalResearchInstituteofUnani~b1lClneIRRIlIM,.Umversuyof
Kashmir,
Srinagar,JammuandKashmir.India
Leechesh
lJ
been
~Il
therupeuuc
tl":i!C
tTomhmc,
unnWrtI{If1;lr
u~kJ:;!JlfHfV;ftHt;;).The.ccocepth.~been
tl;~t...."oj-
lJ,1
Unani
d.\.-rsl\',,"......·"lakeq~.Tl1~
rrnJ~tlflHalnCi!:.It--f'!'iI1
th-:-
pl'letice
c!atrr.~h
tl\CUIX'1.t1:n;.
'J,SC
In
Poilil.("l.-
or
%ulrncoo1hepresent....imrnunuabenbanattempttoJh-c
lruchu-pnai
pra..
:.tl.
eofI~h\"'udo'r..
ill
t'w
tud...rxe
trad.rimallec\:;h
vendors
~~'fOS.-<:
UK..a1le~.....
ere
contacted,
the
pabents
1.o1i.-n1C\\1'(:"J
hcl"'lrr..
nl
.fiefrh'
lea:
':'n,;
1,~
\tt'a)~
c::J
methods
of
~n
\-cndon,;.ud
themanif('":;:tattnns.
for
whK.:.h
thIS
ucatmcnt
\11,'5$
,n'en.were
UI,":,,:c-..nuU,,,
ro.::.nr.tru
The."~"bc:n13wen-thereafterthlloui
upPj'f1(lItu:all)'
It
\\olt.'1
observedIhatIIIen:
lq;
SI,gIJfr....11'i'
r-b1
'-;1
cmim
.wm<:nts-_
ThedC"l'lL!srrc
!P\C'I1IO
the
P'lf'CT"
KeyWQf"ds:
Leeches.traduionalhealers,leechvendors.aliments
li''"TRODUCTIO:-O
Despitetremendousadvances
in
medicalsciencesmtherecentyears,thetradinonalsystemofrnedtcineremainsanImportantfactormthehealthcaredeliverysystem
aroundthe
world
It
IS
deeprootedwithinthe
culture
andthetradmonsofthenations.parneularly
in
deveiopmgcountries,
InAsiancounrnes,parucularty,lndra,
tradmonalrnedrcine
IS
widelyusedinruralaswellas
urban
areas,Thetraditionalhealersmakeuseofherbs.rrunerals,aflJJ113.1sndothermethods.whichwereinusein
the
past
Ka,hmlfvalle),havingvariedculturalandgeographicaldiverstnes,
.5
fie,"
In
rradinonsThelradinonalsystemof
medicine
is
berngadoptedbythelocalpopulaceandmost
or
the
diseases
arebeingtreated
by
the
traduronal
healerswhonukethe
US"
of
locallyavailable
herbs
and
otherreg.merrtaltherapieslike
cuppmg,
venesection,branding.bonescrung,leachingetc
137
Althoughn1edlcmalleeches
[Hirudinariam.:dl<ltIahs)
arenorfound
In
Kashrmr.yetthe
leeching
IS
practisedthroughoutthevalley
(Lawrence,
1967)Almostevery
 
MATt:RlALANDMETHODS
,".Il.lge
IS
haVIngoneormoreleechvendorsfo.thepurpose
l
eeche
<
are
L
I
.~>~
""lUgnppledatd,fferelllSItes
an,a
the"
numbervaries
depending
On
the
severnyof
tI,edtsease...rld
ageof
thepauent
s.~.:"
encouragmg
resultswereobtained
dUring
study
ofLeeLhmgn.
Prophylacticandt.urauve
Treatment
of
Frostbite",(MUlIShl~I
ul.l'J05J.forascenammgthectaimsandcounterclaimsmad"
by
thepeople.campswereorganized
by
l{RII
''''1.
Snnagartostudytheroleofleechingmvariousailments,I
~o
patientswuhdifferentailmentsformedthesubjects
of
present
1
1mstu~yThepanentswereselectedatrandomdurmgthespeciamobre
camps
held!tomtunetotuneThepanenrswereofvarymgagesandwerefromboththesexes,The
pat
entswerefromruralaswellasurbanareasofthevatlev
Different
villages.verc.Il.Md<iu-mllthecamps(Table
1),
in
whichlocalpopulace.leechvendors,andrradmonath=:::
en
werecontactedandroleofleachmgmonitored
in
vanousailments
The
subjectswerethoroughlyexaminedandassessedcluucallyforfinaldiagnos.s,tber-the
Sites
forleechingwerefixedbythevendor.aspertheirtradinons,
varying
frOM
oneailmenttoanother(Table2)Theperiodofsuckingvanedfrom10to20rrunutessowasthenumberofleechesto
be
applieddependingontheageandbodystatureofthe
patient.
ThepatientswereadvisedtoattendtheOPOofRegionalResearchInstituteofUnani
Medicine.
Srinagar.afterevery15dayssotoasascertaintheeffectsoftheleechtherapy
Table
I.
Areaidrntilie;jforthestudy
S.so
Arf'Mvisited
No.of
pUc
SelectedforMaJeleech;n
Ganderbal
(Srmagar)
27
II
2
Sumbal(Bararnulla)
q
3
.Khanda
(Budgam)
s
7
4.
Chatergam(Budgam)
\3
10
5.
Hazratbal[Srmagar]63
11120
~2
Total
16
b
42
68
138

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