information” to assessments thathe “didn’t see coming.”One of the qualities that stu-dents consistently identified as animportant trait in the future deanwas continued responsiveness tostudents as previously demon-strated by Kramer.As part of Kramer’s willing-ness to engage with students, hehas held periodic town hall meet-ings open to all and has commit-ted himself to teaching classesand participating in school musi-cals every year.“I would agree that one of Dean Kramer’s biggest assetsfrom a student’s perspective isthat he is responsive to all stu-dents, especially students that hedoesn’t necessarily agree with,”said Barbara Smith J.D. ’12. “He isstill just as supportive with themas he is with anyone else.”Kramer has led a number of initiatives, including switching thelaw school’s academic calendarfrom the semester system to thequarter system.“Although we wish the lawschool rankings didn’t mean any-thing, they do,” Smith said. “It’simportant to find someone who’ssensitive to that and who is goingto continue the great trend thatDean Kramer has started.”Students also voiced concernsabout the impression that Stan-ford Law School may be “a littleCalifornia-centric.”“It is unfortunate becausewe’re the second best law schoolin the country and we don’t havemore connections to places likeWashington, D.C., and NewYork,” Smith said. “There’s cer-tainly no discouraging of studentswho want to go to those types of places, but I’ve found that thesearch has been a little self-direct-ed.”“It would be wonderful tohave more East Coast, and evenMidwest, sensitivity to what Stan-ford has,” she added.
Contact Antonio Ramirez at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Wednesday, May 23, 2012
The Stanford Daily
press release.David was a co-leader of thestudy, which collaborated withmore than 75 researchers acrossthe United States. Drawing datafrom more than 32,000 AfricanAmericans, researchers concludedthat the gene CHRNA5 is statisti-cally relevant in predicting smok-ing behavior. Researchers previ-ously found that the same gene isrelevant in predicting smoking be-havior of people with Europeanancestry.The study, however, found thatthe genetic marker correlated withsmoking behaviors is in a differentplace on the gene depending onone’s ethnicity.According to David, it is crucialto understand how nicotine recep-tors vary across ethnicities be-cause African Americans statisti-cally have a higher risk of develop-ing lung cancer, despite beginningto smoke later in life than otherethnic groups.Researchers also discovered agenetic marker that closely pre-dicts number of cigarettes smokedper day.Stanford contributed 8,208 par-ticipants to the study, called theStudy of Tobacco in Minority Pop-ulations, or STOMP.The National Institute on DrugAbuse and the National Instituteof General Medicine Sciencesfunded the study, which was pub-lished Tuesday in TranslationalPsychiatry.
— Mary Ann Toman-Miller
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NORBERT KLAUS/The Stanford Daily
Andreas Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems, discussedthe process of innovation and its significance to Silicon ValleyTuesday evening as part of the Stanford Engineering Hero Lecture.
The path toward innovation
last November.“I want to look conceptuallyand historically at the whole ap-proach to peace and concludewith a new model,” Ross said.He traced peace efforts fromthe 1970s to the 1993 Oslo Ac-cords, giving examples of variousapproaches, including Kissinger’s“incremental” approach and theCarter administration’s opposing“comprehensive” approach.“People describe me as some-one who believes in ‘incremental-ism,’ but my approach is you dowhat the context permits you todo,” Ross said.“Statecraft is about marryingobjectives and means,” he added.“If context isn’t right, you have tofind a way to change the con-text.”Based on this idea, Ross ar-gued that a new approach andmodel is needed for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict because thecurrent context for conflict is notconducive to negotiating peace.“I offer a hybrid model,” hesaid. “There needs to be a politi-cal process, but there needs to besomething done from the groundup as well.”Citing polls that show that themajority of Israelis and Palestini-ans support a two-state solutionbut express doubt about its possi-bility, Ross argued that peacecannot be achieved if the majori-ty of each side thinks the other isnot serious about a two-state so-lution.“One of the reasons why bothpublics don’t believe in it [thepossibility of resolving the con-flict] is that they’ve seen thismovie before,” Ross said, refer-ring to prolonged negotiationsthroughout the 1990s that yield-ed no significant results.Offering steps on both sides tobreak through the impasse, Rosssuggested that the United Statescould help broker negotiations.On the Israeli side, Ross pro-posed several measures includingreducing the level of Israeli con-trol in the West Bank territories,providing more economic oppor-tunities for Palestinians, recog-nize Palestinians who take a non-violent approach and adoptinglegislation to offer compensationfor settlers who voluntarily moveout of the West Bank.On the Palestinian side, Rosslisted steps including halting in-citement, condemning violence,including Israel in maps in Pales-tinian textbooks and institutionbuilding.According to Ross, followingthese steps “will cause both sidesto take a second look and changethe dynamics of political negotia-tions.”Ross pointed out that theworld’s attention is currently fo-cused on “everything but thepeace issue between Israelis andPalestinians. It has not gone awayand it won’t go away.”However, he said he views thismoment as an opportunity topush for progress in negotiationsbetween the Israelis and thePalestinians.“The Arab countries are all fo-cused internally right now,” hesaid. “Both the Israelis and Pales-tinians have the space to do some-thing. It is in this moment, whenno one is paying attention, thatwe should and they should act.”Following the talk, formerMiddle East bureau chief for theWashington Post and communi-cation professor Janine Zacharia joined Ross on stage for a ques-tion-and-answer session.Ross dismissed the notion thatthe current administration is fo-cused on Iran and ignoring the Is-raeli-Palestinian conflict.“The problem of Iran and theemergence of nuclear weaponsweighs very heavily,” he said.“The administration is active be-hind the scenes [on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict] and ap-proaching it in a low-profile way.”He also expressed optimismon the progress of negotiationswith Iran, crediting increasedpressure from the United Statesfor improving the situation.“I don’t expect there to be abreakthrough tomorrow, but Idon’t think we have the luxury of approaching talks like we haveall the time in the world,” he said.“There needs to be a sense of ur-gency.”Moving to the topic of Syria,Ross highlighted a need to en-gage Russia in efforts to oust cur-rent Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. Ross stated his supportfor a safe haven for the dictatoron the Syrian-Turkish border.In response to a challengefrom audience members of hisdefinition of Palestinian identity,Ross said, “You cannot denyPalestinian national identity. Wecannot make peace if we do notrecognize the Palestinians.”
Contact Natasha Weaser at email@example.com.
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the point is that we are trying toshift the balance. Even with theARP process, there are lots of peo-ple [who] aren’t coming forward.So I think there has to be some . . .weighing the likelihood of false re-sponsibility and the very importantinterest of keeping this a safe com-munity for all people.”“As it stands, I think the Univer-sity is suffering far more from unre-ported offenders than from inno-cent people who are being expelledfrom the University,” he added.Refuting Sosna-Spear’s claimthat responding students in theARP almost always concede thefacts but argue that their actionswere not criminal, Timothy LauJ.D. ’12, a member of the Board of Judicial Affairs, reminded the sena-tors of the possibility of misidenti-fication and urged them to increasethe voting requirement in order tocompensate for the low burden of proof.“The ARP process doesn’t justcover sexual assault; it covers sexu-al assault, sexual harassment, rela-tionship violence and stalking,” hesaid. “To say that no misidentifica-tion is ever going to happen . . . Ithink you’re all making a stretch,and you are subjecting people tounfair accusations . . . If you do [ig-nore the problem of misidentifica-tion], are you really committed tothe presumption of innocence?”Elliott Wolf J.D. ’13, who servedas president of the Duke studentbody immediately following the2006 lacrosse team scandal,warned senators of the impact of what he termed the “student affairsindustry” on processes such as theARP.Sosna-Spear said that he be-lieves that all of the administratorsinvolved in the ARP, excludingsome faculty members who serveon panels, were trained in studentaffairs.Reporting on his experience atDuke, Wolf said he found that aconcentration of faculty memberswho saw themselves as educatorsrather than adjudicators led to in-creased bias, more false rulings andgreater undeserved impact on stu-dent lives.“Every school below the U.S.News top 10 is now infested withprofessional staff with master’s de-grees in ‘student personnel admin-istration,’” Wolf said. “And sadly,they are more interested in foster-ing ‘teachable moments’ with stu-dents than in dispassionately find-ing facts and meting out sanctionsto serve as a deterrent.”“There aren’t two sides to this;there are many sides,” Senator Sha-hab Fadavi ’15 said at the meeting’scommencement, reminding hispeers to develop a nuanced under-standing of the ARP. Although sev-eral senators asked questionsabout various aspects of the ARP,there was no discussion amongthem at the meeting.Garima Sharma ’15 said thatthe Senate is planning to delay theapproval of the ARP until fallquarter, which is when the proce-dure will be reviewed by the Facul-ty Senate.
Contact Julia Enthoven at jjejje@ stanford.edu.
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One of DeanKramer’s biggestassets... is that heis responsive toall students.
BARBARA SMITH J.D.‘12
Nothing is writtenin stone.
MICHAEL McCONNELL,professor of law