Fluid Mechanics, Fifth Edition
The net force is thus
= + =
per meter of width, acting upward tothe right at an angle of
and passing through a point 1.0 m below and 0.4804 mto the right of point B. This force passes, as expected,
right through point O
The tank in the figure containsbenzene and is pressurized to 200 kPa(gage) in the air gap. Determine the verticalhydrostatic force on circular-arc section ABand its line of action.
Assume unit depth into thepaper. The vertical force is the weight of benzene plus the force due to the airpressure:
= + =
Most of this (120,000 N/m) is due to the air pressure, whose line of action is in themiddle of the horizontal line through B. The vertical benzene force is 2400 N/m and has aline of action (see Fig. 2.13 of the text) at 4R/(3
25.5 cm to the right or A.The moment of these two forces about A must equal to moment of the combined(122,400 N/m) force times a distance X to the right of A:
(120000)(30 cm)(2400)(25.5 cm)122400(), .
X solve for Ans
The vertical force is
(down), acting at
to the right of A.
A 1-ft-diameter hole in the bottomof the tank in Fig. P2.90 is closed by a45
conical plug. Neglecting plug weight,compute the force F required to keep theplug in the hole.
The part of the cone that isinside the water is 0.5 ft in radius and h
1.207 ft high. The force Fequals the air gage pressure times the hole