2Center or American Progress | Previewing Egypt’s 2012 Presidential Elections
Background on the presidential elections
Egyp’s presidenial elecions are based on a wo-round elecoral sysem o direc publicsecre ballo in which he winner mus receive an absolue majoriy o he voes. I nosingle candidae receives more han 50 percen o he voe in he rs round on May 23and May 24, hen he op wo voe-geters will compee in a runo scheduled or June16 and June 17.
Te Supreme Presidenial Elecions Commission, comprising senior judicial ocials, adminisers he runo elecions.Tireen candidaes are conesing he elecions. Te ve ha have received he mosatenion hus ar are proled in he ex box below. No single candidae is expeced ocapure he more han 50 percen o he voe ha is necessary o avoid a runo.
A lielong diplomat and ormer member o theMubarak regime, Moussa is a popular gure known orhis outspoken rhetoric against Israel and the UnitedStates during his tenure as Egypt’s oreign minister(1991–2001) and as secretary general o the ArabLeague (2001–2011). His independent candidacyrests on a political platorm that consists o a centriststrategy to unite all political parties and institutions to advanceEgypt’s national interests.
I elected, Moussa has said he would onlystay in oce or one term or as long as is necessary to transition to aparliamentary system.
Moussa’s greatest campaign challenge is preventing himsel rom beinglabeled as a remnant o the Mubarak era.
He has campaigned as analternative to Islamist candidates by supporting current constitutionalarrangements regarding religion and the state, while alleging sel-servingbehavior by the Muslim Brotherhood during Mubarak’s rule.
Moussa has stated that the Camp David accords between Israel andEgypt are “dead” due to both parties’ ailure to ulll articles relatingto the Palestinians, but that Egypt would honor the peace treaty withIsrael. He has also endorsed the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative proposed bySaudi Arabia.
Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh
This expelled ormer deputy chie o the MuslimBrotherhood is a polarizing gure whose independentcandidacy is opposed by Brotherhood leadership, whoreportedly are threatening expulsion or any memberwho supports Fotouh.
Currently a prominent Islamistactivist and secretary general o the Arab Medical Union,
Fotouh has a way o attracting liberals and Islamistsyoung and old alike, through his platorm o populist economics and “peoplerst” politics.
Fotouh has said he would implement Sharia as a ormal legalcode, rather than seeing it as a symbolic “inspiration” or laws.
Fotouh whetted his appetite or activism as a medical student in the1970s while attending Cairo University, at which time he was introducedto the Muslim Brotherhood (and would subsequently be jailed threetimes in the course o his membership).
From 1987 to 2009 he servedon the Muslim Brotherhood’s Guidance Council, its top decision mak-ing body. Because the Muslim Brotherhood originally promised not toput orth a candidate, Fotouh’s membership was suspended when heannounced his candidacy in May 2011.
His attempts to appeal to many o Egypt’s diverse constituencies have ledopponents like Amr Moussa to accuse Fotouh o doubletalk—saying onething to a Sala audience and another to a liberal one. Fotouh has gainedthe support o the leaders o the main Sala Nour Party, though it remainsunclear how the Sala rank and le will vote.
Egypt presidential candidate profiles
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