The power of the state to declare a legal tender is limited to gold and silver coin. All“lawful money
of the United States is not a legal tender for private obligations by the laws of the United States;
. . . The legal tender and gold contract decisions, taken in connection with therecent case of Woodruff v. State of Mississippi, 162 U.S. 291 (16 Sup. Ct. 820), are controllinghere.”
DENNIS v. MOSES., 18 Wash. 537-601 (February 15, 1898).
And;Bank Note is defined as “A promissory note issued by a bank or banker authorized to doso.
payable to bearer
a, demand. and intended to circulate as money.”
Blacks Law Dictionary(Sixth Edition)
Therefore, it follows that [Federal Reserve] “Notes are not payments.”
Don E.Williams Co. vs. Comm. Int. Rev., 51 L. Ed. 2d 48 (1977)
. And;The individual cannot be compelled to use ‘federal money,’ nor federal negotiable instruments,Federal Notes (
Swanson v. Fuline, 248 F. Supp. 364
) the federal reserve being a privatecorporation (
Lewis v. U.S., 680 F.2d 1238 at 1241
) which is engaged in commercial activity bylaw of merchants (UCC 721-1-103)
I am aware that
it is a violation of law to demand and/or collect any tender except thelawful moneys of account of the United States which is specified at Article I, Section 8. Paragraph5, and Article I, Section 10. paragraph 1, of the Constitution of the United States of America,which is mandatory and binding upon this honorable court pursuant to article I, Section 5allegiance and article VI, section 7 of the North Carolina Constitution and that lawful moneymeeting these constitutional requirements has not been available to the general public since about1964. I know/or should know that Federal Reserve Notes are defined as “OBLIGATIONS OFTHE UNITED STATES” at section 8 of Title 18 U.S.C. which are not taxable by the State pursuant to 31 U.S.C 3124 and are not the “lawful money of the United States”, as the term appliesin the code and Federal Reserve Notes are not specifically described in the code, because it makes NO promise to pay “money” to the bearer on demand as required by article 3 of the UniformCommercial Code and therefore does NOT even rise to the level of a note. Further tender isdefined as:
(UCC) North Carolina Statutes, Chapter 25, Part 6, Section 25-3-603 - Tender of payment.
a)If tender of payment
of an obligation to pay an instrument is made to a person entitled to enforce the instrument, the effect of tender is governed by principles of law applicable to tender of payment under a simple contract.
(b)If tender of payment of an obligation to pay an instruments made to a person entitled to enforce the instrument
and the tender is refused, there isdischarge,
to the extent of the amount of the tender, of the obligation of anindorser or accommodation party having a right of recourse with respect tothe obligation to which the tender relates.
I _______________________ an alleged City of ________________ Municipal/District/Superior Court Judge a [judicial officer] (sic) / Administrative Law Clerk of Benton County, admit that I am a Foreign Agent as defined and described at
22 USC 611
, and thatI have not filed with the Attorney General a true and complete registration statement andsupplements thereto as required by subsections (a) and (b) of
22 USC 612
do now, by authority of