ENERGY2.1. ObjectivesOverall Objective: To limit climate change and its costs and negative effects to societyand the environment.
Kyoto Protocol commitments of the EU-15 and most EU-25 to targets for reducinggreenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2008 – 2012, whereby the EU-15 target is for an 8%reduction in emissions compared to 1990 levels. Aiming for a global surface averagetemperature not to rise by more than 2ºC compared to the pre-industrial level.
Energy policy should be consistent with the objectives of security of supply,competitiveness and environmental sustainability, in the spirit of the Energy Policy for Europe launched in March 2006 by the European Council. Energy policy is crucial whentackling the challenge of climate change.
Adaptation to, and mitigation of, climate change should be integrated in all relevantEuropean policies.
By 2010 12% of energy consumption, on average, and 21% of electricity consumption, asa common but differentiated target, should be met by renewable sources, consideringraising their share to 15% by 2015.
By 2010 5.75% of transport fuel should consist of biofuels, as an indicative target,(Directive 2003/30/EC), considering raising their proportion to 8% by 2015.
Reaching an overall saving of 9% of final energy consumption over 9 years until 2017 asindicated by the Energy End-use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive.Refer to the 2006 Strategy for specific actions.
2.2. State of Play
Eurostat reports that in 2005, EU-15 emissions of GHG had decreased by 2% compared totheir Kyoto base year value. This is still far from the target of reducing emissions by 8% by2008-2012, and the emissions trend has been moving away from the target path since 2000.However, projections indicate that it is still possible to reach the Kyoto target provided thatMember States accelerate implementation of all planned policies and measures including theuse of carbon sinks and so-called Kyoto mechanisms. Of the twelve remaining countriesoutside the EU-15 burden sharing arrangement, nine have already reduced their emissionssignificantly below their target levels.Progress towards the target that the global surface average temperature not rise by more than2ºC compared to the pre-industrial level cannot be assessed directly, by the existing indicator,which only monitors change since 1850. However, the overall warming from the average of the first 50-year period 1850 to 1899 to the one of 2001-2005 is 0.76°C ± 0.19°C. In addition,there has been a fairly linear upward trend in temperatures since the 1970s.All the indicators on energy consumption show that the EU is off track to reach the targets setin the strategy. Consumption of renewable energy sources as a whole for the EU-27 increasedat an average rate of 3.2% per year during the 1990s, growing to 4.1% between 2000 and2005. In spite of this increase, because of the relatively high growth rate of gross inlandconsumption, the overall share of renewables only reached a level of 6.6% in 2005. Theaverage annual growth of 0.18 percentage points since 2000 is insufficient to reach the 2010target of 12%.