Q. Why is Java often termed as a platform?Ans: Platform is the environment in which programsexecute. Instead of interacting with theOperatingSystem directly, Java programs runs on avirtual machine provided by Java, therefore Java isoftenreferred to as a platform also.Q. What is a bytecode?Ans: Bytecode is a set of pseudo mechaniclanguage instructions that are understood by theJVM (JavaVirtual Machine) and are independentof the underlying hardware.Q. What do you understand by JVM?Ans: JVM or Java Virtual Machine is an abstractmachine designed to be implemented on top of existingprocessors. It hides the underlying OS fromJava application. Programs written in Java arecompiled intoJava byte-code, which is theninterpreted by a special java Interpreter for aspecific platform. Actually thisJava interpreter isknown as Java Virtual Machine (JVM).Q. What is JDK (Java Development Kit)?Ans: The Java development kit comes with acollection of tools that are used for developingand running java programs.Q. What are Java APIs?Ans: The Java APIs (Application Program Interface)consist of libraries of pre-compiled codethatprogrammers can use in their application.Q. Write the five characteristics of Java/BlueJ?
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