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CE 671 Lect_28 Color

CE 671 Lect_28 Color

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Published by: adaneteferi on May 24, 2012
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05/24/2012

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1
Load Models for Fatigue DesignLoad Models for Fatigue Designof Highway Bridgesof Highway Bridges
CE671CE671 –  – Lecture 28Lecture 28
Design vs. EvaluationDesign vs. Evaluation
We will consider:We will consider:
 –  – Loads for fatigue designLoads for fatigue design –  – Response of bridge elementsResponse of bridge elements
How many cycles per passageHow many cycles per passage
Must Distinguish between Loads forMust Distinguish between Loads forFatigue vs. Other LimitFatigue vs. Other Limit--statesstates
Limit State:Limit State:
“ “ Condition beyond which the bridge or Condition beyond which the bridge or component ceases to satisfy the provisions component ceases to satisfy the provisions for which it was designed for which it was designed ” ” 
(from AASHTO LRFD)(from AASHTO LRFD)
 
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Common LimitCommon Limit--statesstates
Service limitService limit--statestate
 –  – Relates to stress, deformation, cracking,Relates to stress, deformation, cracking,relies somewhat on experiencerelies somewhat on experience
Strength limitStrength limit--statestate
 –  – Relates strength & stabilityRelates strength & stability –  – Extensive distress & structural damageExtensive distress & structural damage –  – Structural integrity is maintainedStructural integrity is maintained
Common LimitCommon Limit--statesstates
Extreme eventExtreme event
 –  – Unique occurrenceUnique occurrence
collision, flood, earthquakecollision, flood, earthquake
 –  – Ensure survival of structureEnsure survival of structure
Fatigue and fracture limitFatigue and fracture limit--statestate
 –  – Limit cracking under repeated loadsLimit cracking under repeated loads –  – Prevent fracturePrevent fracture
Clearly, structures areClearly, structures aresubjected to many differentsubjected to many differenttypes of loads for each limittypes of loads for each limit--statestate
This limit-state vs. …….
 
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This limit-state ! 
But it But it ’ ’ s still standing!! s still standing!! 
Fatigue LimitFatigue Limit--statestate
Considers stresses induced byConsiders stresses induced byrepeated loadsrepeated loads
millions of cycles millions of cycles 
Maximum loading conditions notMaximum loading conditions notappropriateappropriate
 –  – e.g., permit loads in all lanese.g., permit loads in all lanes
However, fatigue damageHowever, fatigue damageisisthe resultthe resultof the entire variable load spectrumof the entire variable load spectrum

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