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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Previous and Related Studies
1.2.1 Convection Discretisation
1.2.2 Error Estimation
1.2.3 Adaptive Refinement
1.3 Present Contributions
1.4 Thesis Outline
Governing Equations
2.1 Governing Equations of Continuum
2.2 Constitutive Relations for Newtonian Fluids
2.3 Turbulence Modelling
Finite Volume Discretisation
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Discretisation of the Solution Domain
3.3 Discretisation of the Transport Equation
3.3.1 Discretisation of Spatial Terms
3.3.1.1 Convection Term
3.3.1.2 Convection Differencing Scheme
3.3.1.3 Diffusion Term
3.3.1.4 Source Terms
3.3.2 Temporal Discretisation
3.3.3 Implementation of Boundary Conditions
3.3.3.1 Numerical Boundary Conditions
3.3.3.2 Physical Boundary Conditions
3.4 A New Convection Differencing Scheme
3.4.1 Accuracy and Boundedness
3.4.1.1 TVD Differencing Schemes
3.4.1.3 Convergence Problems of Flux-Limited Schemes
3.4.2 Modification of the NVD Criterion for Unstructured
3.4.3 Gamma Differencing Scheme
3.6 Numerical Errors in the Discretisation
3.6.1 Numerical Diffusion from Convection Differencing
3.6.2 Numerical Diffusion from Temporal Discretisation
3.6.3 Mesh-Induced Errors
3.7 Numerical Examples
3.7.1 Numerical Diffusion from Convection Discretisation
Other High-Resolution Schemes
3.7.2.1 Step-profile
3.7.2.3 Semi-ellipse
3.7.3 Numerical Diffusion from Temporal Discretisation
3.7.3.1 1-D Tests
3.7.3.2 2-D Transport of a “Bubble”
3.7.4 Comparison of Non-Orthogonality Treatments
3.8.1 Derivation of the Pressure Equation
3.8.2 Pressure-Velocity Coupling
3.8.2.1 The PISO Algorithm for Transient Flows
3.8.2.2 The SIMPLE Algorithm
3.8.3 Solution Procedure for the Navier-Stokes System
3.9 Closure
Error Estimation
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 Error Estimators and Error Indicators
4.2 Requirements on an Error Estimate
4.3 Methods Based on Taylor Series Expansion
4.3.1 Richardson Extrapolation
4.4.1 Normalisation of the Moment Error Estimate
4.4.2 Consistency of the Moment Error Estimate
4.5 Residual Error Estimate
4.5.1 Normalisation of the Residual Error Estimate
4.6 Local Problem Error Estimate
4.6.1 Elliptic Model Problem
4.6.1.1 Balancing Problem in Finite Volume Method
4.6.2 Generalisation to the Convection-Diffusion Problem
4.6.3 Generalisation to the Navier-Stokes Problem
4.6.3.1 Error Norm for the Navier-Stokes System
4.6.3.2 Formulation of the Local Problem
4.6.4 Solution of the Local Problem
4.6.4.1 Solution of the Indeterminate Local Problem
4.6.4.2 Solution of the Determinate Local Problem
4.6.5 Application of the Local Problem Error Estimate
4.7 Error Estimation for Transient Calculations
4.7.1 Residual in Transient Calculations
4.7.2 Spatial and Temporal Error Contributions
4.7.3 Evolution Equation for the Error
4.8 Numerical Examples
4.8.1 Line Source in Cross-Flow
4.8.1.1 Mesh Aligned with the Flow
4.8.1.2 Non-Orthogonal Non-Aligned Mesh
4.8.2 Line Jet
4.8.3 Transient One-Dimensional Convective Transport
4.8.4 Local Problem Error Estimation
4.9 Closure
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Selecting Regions of Refinement and
5.3 Mesh Refinement and Unrefinement
5.4 Mapping of Solution Between Meshes
5.5 Numerical Example
5.6 Closure
Case Studies
6.1 Introduction
ment starting from the mesh in Fig. 6.10
finement starting from the mesh in Fig. 6.10
the adaptively refined mesh after five levels of refinement
ment starting from the mesh in Fig. 6.11
ment/unrefinement starting from the mesh in Fig. 6.11
finement/unrefinement starting from the mesh in Fig. 6.11
6.3 Laminar and Turbulent Flow Over a 2-D Hill
6.3.1 Laminar Flow
6.3.2 Turbulent Flow
from the fine mesh
with adaptive refinement and the low-Re turbulence model
6.5 Vortex Shedding Behind a Cylinder
6.6 Closure
Summary and Conclusions
7.1 Discretisation
7.2 Error Estimation
7.3 Adaptive Mesh Refinement
7.5 Future Work
Differencing in Time
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Published by: s0ntac on May 25, 2012
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