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Bagcilik-el-kitabi

Bagcilik-el-kitabi

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Published by Ugur Kologlugil

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Published by: Ugur Kologlugil on May 26, 2012
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12/03/2012

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Bağcılık 
Prof. D r. İbrahim Uzun
Antalya, 2003
 
 
İÇİNDEKİLER Sayfa no1. ASMANIN YAPISI.........................................................................................................1.1. Kök...........................................................................................................................1.2. Gövde........................................................................................................................1.3. Sürgün.......................................................................................................................1.4. Yaprak......................................................................................................................1.5. Göz (Tomurcuk).......................................................................................................1.6. Çiçek.........................................................................................................................2. ÜZÜM ÇEŞİTLERİ........................................................................................................2.1. Üzüm çeşitlerinin kısa özellikleri.............................................................................2.2. Ticari öneme sahip yeni üzüm çeşitleri....................................................................3. ASMA ANAÇLARI........................................................................................................3.1. Rupestris du lot.........................................................................................................3.2. 99R............................................................................................................................3.3. 110R..........................................................................................................................3.4. 1103P........................................................................................................................3.5. 140 Ru.......................................................................................................................3.6. 420A.........................................................................................................................3.7. 5BB...........................................................................................................................3.8. 41B............................................................................................................................3.9. Fercal........................................................................................................................4. ASMANIN İKLİM İSTEKLERİ.....................................................................................4.1. Sıcaklık.....................................................................................................................4.2. Yağış.........................................................................................................................5. ASMANIN TOPRAK İSTEKLERİ................................................................................5.1. Toprak özellikleri.....................................................................................................5.2. Toprak tipleri............................................................................................................6. ASMANIN YILLIK SEYRİ............................................................................................6.1. Asmanın Fenolojik evreleri......................................................................................6.1.1. Ağlama............................................................................................................6.1.2. Uyanma...........................................................................................................6.1.3. Ben düşme......................................................................................................6.1.4. Olgunlaşma (Hasat)........................................................................................6.1.5. Yaprak dökümü..............................................................................................6.2. Dinlenme dönemi.....................................................................................................6.3. Vegetasyon dönemi..................................................................................................7. BAĞ TESİSİ....................................................................................................................7.1. Yer seçimi.................................................................................................................7.2. Arazi hazırlığı...........................................................................................................7.3. Dikim aralıkları.........................................................................................................7.4. Dikim şekilleri..........................................................................................................7.5. İşaretleme..................................................................................................................7.6. Dikim........................................................................................................................2
 
8. GENÇ BAĞLARIN BAKIMI.........................................................................................9. BAĞLARDA TOPRAK İŞLEME...................................................................................9.1. Toprak işleme zamanları..........................................................................................9.2. Toprak işleme şekilleri.............................................................................................10. BAĞCILIKTA BUDAMA............................................................................................10.1. Kış Budaması........................................................................................................10.2.Yaz Budaması.......................................................................................................10.2.1. Uç alma ....................................................................................................10.2.2. Yaprak alma..............................................................................................10.2.3. Bilezik alma..............................................................................................10.2.4. Salkım seyreltmesi ...................................................................................10.2.5. Tane seyreltmesi.......................................................................................10.2.6. sülük seyreltmesi.......................................................................................11. BAĞLARIN GÜBRELENMESİ11.1 Bağların değişik dönemlere gübrelenmesi...........................................................11.1. Tesis gübrelenmesi.....................................................................................11.2. Genç bağların gübrelenmesi ......................................................................11.3. Verimli bağların gübrelenmesi...................................................................11.2. Asmaların ihtiyaç duyduğu besin maddeleri ....................................................11.2.1. Azot.......................................................................................................11.2.2. Fosfor....................................................................................................11.2.3. Potasyum...............................................................................................11.2.4. Demir ...................................................................................................11.2.5. Magnezyum..........................................................................................11.2.6. Çinko.....................................................................................................12.2.7. Mangan.................................................................................................12. BAĞLARDA SULAMA...............................................................................................13. BAĞ HASTALIKLARI................................................................................................13.1. Külleme................................................................................................................13.2. Mildiyö.................................................................................................................13.3. Ölükol ..................................................................................................................13.4. Kurşuni küf...........................................................................................................13.5. Eutypa..................................................................................................................13.6. Antraknoz.............................................................................................................13.7. Kav........................................................................................................................13.8. Asma kök uru........................................................................................................14. BAĞ ZARARLILARI...................................................................................................14.1. Filoksera...............................................................................................................14.2. Salkım güvesi.......................................................................................................14.3. Unlu bit.................................................................................................................14.4. Emici böcekler......................................................................................................14.5. Maymuncuk..........................................................................................................14.6. Bağ uyuzu.............................................................................................................14.7. Thrips....................................................................................................................14.8. Nematod................................................................................................................3

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