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Basic Geometiric Formulas and PropertiesRatings: (0)|Views: 3|Likes: 0

Published by vignesh_sundaresan_1

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/94897722/Basic-Geometiric-Formulas-and-Properties

03/15/2014

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BASIC GEOMETRIC FORMULAS AND PROPERTIES

This handout is intended as a review of

basic geometric formulas and properties

. For further or more advancedgeometric formulas and properties, consult with a SLAC counselor.

r

Square:

Perimeter:

P = 4s or 2s + 2s

Area:

A = s

2

ss

Rectangle:

l

w

Perimeter:

P = 2w + 2

l

Area:

A =

l

×

w

Triangles:

Perimeter:

P = a + b + c

a chb

Area:

A = (1/2)

×

b

×

h

Types of Triangles:

Isosceles (two equal sides)Equilateral (all sides equal)Right (one 90

o

or right angle)

Ac bB Ca

Pythagorean Theorem (for right triangles only):

a

2

+ b

2

= c

2

Sum of the Angles (all triangles):

o

A + B + C = 180

iameter:

Circle:

D

d = 2r

Circumference:

C = 2

π

r =

π

d

Area:

A =

π

r

2

Rectangular Solid:

l

wh

Volume:

V =

l

×

w hw) + (2

×

Surface Area:

S = (2 h

× ×

×

l

×

h ) + (2

×

l

×

w)

ight C Rircular Cylinder:

Volume:

V =

π

rh

2

rh

Surface Area:

S = 2

π

r h + 2

π

r

2

mentaryuresles Ales.

omplementary Angles:

C

Two angles are compleif the sum of their meas CADBis 90

o

. Angles A and B arecomplementary angles. Angand C are complementary ang

upple

d 2 arepplementary angles. Anglesntary angles.

Oppos

o lines,s).

Angles 2 and 3 are congruent.

Angles:

re also alternate interior angles.re called alternate

iornt.

re also alternative exterior angles.nt. (opposite/vertical angles)Angles 4 and 5 are congruent. (alternate interior angles)Straight lines have degrees measuringB is a straight line,

m

3

S

mentary Angles:

Two angles are supplementaryif the sum of their measuresis 180

o

.

Angles 1 ansu2 and 4 are suppleme

m

1

2 14 3m

2

6 58 7

ite/Vertical Angles:

he intersection of twm and m, form fourT

13

angles.Opposite (vertical) angles arecongruent (have equal measure

Angles 1 and 4 are congruent.

Alternate Interior and Exterior

Lines m

1

and m

2

are parallel.Angles 4 and 5 are called alternateinterior angles. Alternate interiorangles are congruent.

Angles 3 and 6aAngles 2 and 7 aexterior angles.

Alternate exterangles are congrue

Angles 1 and 8a

Note:

Angles 1 and 4 are congrue Angles 5 and 8 are congruent. (opposite/vertical angles)Angles 1 and 8 are congruent. (alternate exterior angles)Angles 2 and 6 are congruent. (corresponding angles)Angles 3 and 7 are congruent. (corresponding angles)etc.

Straight Lines:

180

o

. If D to

D C B

then angle DCB is 180

o

.2

48

54b

BASIC PROBLEMS OF GEOMETRY

1.

Two sides of a triangle are 7 andind the third side..

If a square has an area of 49 ft

2

, what is the length of one of its sides? The perimeter?how long must its length be.

of a right triangle is 70

o

, what are the other 2 angles?.

What is the diameter of a circle with an area of 1613 centimeters. The perimeter is 27 centimeters. F 2.

Find the area of the triangle:3 4.

If a rectangle has a width of 4,so that the area is 36?If one angle5 .

Find b:6 7

π

?.

What is the circumference of the circle in problem 7? (allow8

π

= 3.14)d a ume 240 in.

3

, what is the box's.

If a box has a height of 4 in., a length of 12 in., anvol9width?10.Find the volume: (allow

π

= 3.14)11.

Lines m

1

and m

2

are pa2.

What is the measure of angle 5?

14 3m

2

6 5

8 7

rallel, what is the measure of angle 1?1 3.

What is the measure of angle 4?1

m

3

m

1

120

o

27

3

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