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Basic Geometiric Formulas and Properties

Basic Geometiric Formulas and Properties

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03/15/2014

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BASIC GEOMETRIC FORMULAS AND PROPERTIES
This handout is intended as a review of
basic geometric formulas and properties
. For further or more advancedgeometric formulas and properties, consult with a SLAC counselor.
r

Square:
Perimeter:
P = 4s or 2s + 2s
Area:
A = s
2

ss

Rectangle:
l

w
Perimeter:
P = 2w + 2
l
Area:
A =
l

×
w

Triangles:

Perimeter:
P = a + b + c

a chb
Area:
A = (1/2)
×
b
×
h
Types of Triangles:
Isosceles (two equal sides)Equilateral (all sides equal)Right (one 90
o
or right angle)
Ac bB Ca
Pythagorean Theorem (for right triangles only):
a
2
+ b
2
= c
2

Sum of the Angles (all triangles):
o
A + B + C = 180
iameter:
Circle:
D
d = 2r
Circumference:
C = 2
π
r =
π
d
Area:
A =
π
r
2

Rectangular Solid:
l
wh
Volume:
V =
l

×
w hw) + (2
×
Surface Area:
S = (2 h
× ×

×

l

×
h ) + (2
×

l

×
w)
ight C Rircular Cylinder:
Volume:
V =
π
rh
2
rh
Surface Area:
S = 2
π
r h + 2
π
r
2
mentaryuresles Ales.
omplementary Angles:

C

Two angles are compleif the sum of their meas CADBis 90
o
. Angles A and B arecomplementary angles. Angand C are complementary ang

upple
d 2 arepplementary angles. Anglesntary angles.
Oppos
o lines,s).
Angles 2 and 3 are congruent.
Angles:

re also alternate interior angles.re called alternate
iornt.
re also alternative exterior angles.nt. (opposite/vertical angles)Angles 4 and 5 are congruent. (alternate interior angles)Straight lines have degrees measuringB is a straight line,
m
3

S

mentary Angles:
Two angles are supplementaryif the sum of their measuresis 180
o
.
Angles 1 ansu2 and 4 are suppleme
m
1
2 14 3m
2
6 58 7
ite/Vertical Angles:
he intersection of twm and m, form fourT
13
angles.Opposite (vertical) angles arecongruent (have equal measure
Angles 1 and 4 are congruent.
Alternate Interior and Exterior
Lines m
1
and m
2
are parallel.Angles 4 and 5 are called alternateinterior angles. Alternate interiorangles are congruent.
Angles 3 and 6aAngles 2 and 7 aexterior angles.
Alternate exterangles are congrue
Angles 1 and 8a
Note:
Angles 1 and 4 are congrue Angles 5 and 8 are congruent. (opposite/vertical angles)Angles 1 and 8 are congruent. (alternate exterior angles)Angles 2 and 6 are congruent. (corresponding angles)Angles 3 and 7 are congruent. (corresponding angles)etc.
Straight Lines:
180
o
. If D to
D C B
then angle DCB is 180
o
.2

48
54b
BASIC PROBLEMS OF GEOMETRY
1.

Two sides of a triangle are 7 andind the third side..

If a square has an area of 49 ft
2
, what is the length of one of its sides? The perimeter?how long must its length be.

of a right triangle is 70
o
, what are the other 2 angles?.

What is the diameter of a circle with an area of 1613 centimeters. The perimeter is 27 centimeters. F 2.

Find the area of the triangle:3 4.

If a rectangle has a width of 4,so that the area is 36?If one angle5 .

Find b:6 7
π
?.

What is the circumference of the circle in problem 7? (allow8
π
= 3.14)d a ume 240 in.
3
, what is the box's.

If a box has a height of 4 in., a length of 12 in., anvol9width?10.Find the volume: (allow
π
= 3.14)11.

Lines m
1
and m
2
are pa2.

What is the measure of angle 5?
14 3m
2
6 5

8 7
rallel, what is the measure of angle 1?1 3.

What is the measure of angle 4?1
m
3
m
1
120
o
27
3