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Google Chrome

Google Chrome

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Published by: 201014082 on May 26, 2012
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Google Chrome
Google Chrome
is afreewareweb browserdeveloped byGoogle that uses theWebKitlayout engine.It was first released as abeta version(
 Beta (named after the second letter of the Greek alphabet) is the softwaredevelopment phase following alpha. It generally begins when the software isfeaturecomplete.Software in the beta phase will generally have many more bugs in it thancompleted software, as well as speed/performance issues. The focus of beta testing isreducing impacts to users, often incorporatingusability testing.The process of deliveringa beta version to the users is called 
 beta release
and this is typically the first time that thesoftware is available outside of the organization that developed it 
) forMicrosoftWindowson September 2, 2008, and the public stable release was on December 11,2008. As of January 2012, Google Chrome has approximately 25
28% worldwideusageshare of web browsers,making it the second or the third most widely used browser,according to different estimates. Google web browsers, Chrome +Android web browser, are now used more onwikimediathan any other browser.
For six years, Google's Chief ExecutiveEric Schmidtopposed the development of anindependent web browser. He stated that "At the time, Google was a small company",and he did not want to go through "bruisingbrowser wars". However, after co-foundersSergey Brin and Larry Page hired severalMozilla Firefoxdevelopers and built ademonstration of Chrome, Schmidt admitted that "It was so good that it essentially forcedme to change my mind".
The release announcement was originally scheduled for September 3, 2008, and a comicbyScott McCloudwas to be sent to journalists and bloggers explaining the featureswithin the new browser. Copies intended for Europe were shipped early and GermanbloggerPhilipp Lenssenof Google Blogoscopedmade a scanned copy of the 38-page comic available on his website after receiving it on September 1, 2008. Googlesubsequently made the comic available onGoogle Booksand mentioned it on theirofficial blog along with an explanation for the early release.
Public release
An early version of Chromium for Linux, explaining the difference between Chrome andChromium
The browser was first publicly released for Microsoft Windows (XP and later versions)on September 2, 2008 in 43 languages, officially a beta version. Chrome quickly gainedabout 1% market share. After the initial surge, usage share dropped until it hit a low of 0.69% in October 2008. It then started rising again and by December 2008, Chrome againpassed the 1% threshold.In early January 2009,CNETreported that Google planned to release versions of Chromefor Mac OS X and Linux in the first half of the year. The first official Chrome Mac OS Xand Linux developer previews were announced on June 4, 2009 with a blog post
sayingthey were missing many features and were intended for early feedback rather thangeneral use.In December 2009, Google released beta versions of Chrome for Mac OS X and Linux.Google Chrome 5.0, announced on May 25, 2010, was the first stable release to supportall three platforms.Chrome was one of thetwelve browsersoffered toEuropean Economic Areausers of  Microsoft Windowsin 2010.
Chrome was assembled from 25 different code libraries from Google and third partiessuch asMozilla'sNetscape Portable Runtime,Network Security Services,NPAPI,as well asSQLiteand a number of other open-source projects. TheJavaScriptvirtual machine was considered a sufficiently important project to be split off (as wasAdobe /Mozilla's Tamarin)and handled by a separate team inDenmark coordinated byLars Bak atAarhus.  According to Google, existing implementations were designed "for small programs,where the performance and interactivity of the system weren't that important", butwebapplicationssuch asGmail"are using the web browser to the fullest when it comes to DOMmanipulations andJavaScript", and therefore would significantly benefit from a JavaScript engine that could work faster.
Chrome uses theWebKitrendering engine to display web pages, on advice from theAndroidteam. Chrome is tested internally withunit testing,"automated user interface testing of scripted user actions",fuzz testing,as well as WebKit's layout tests (99% of which Chrome is claimed to have passed) and against commonly accessed websitesinside the Google index within 20
30 minutes.Google createdGearsfor Chrome, which added features forweb developerstypically relating to the building of web applications, including offline support. However, Googlephased out Gears in favor of HTML5. 
On January 11, 2011 the Chrome Product manager, Mike Jazayeri, announced thatChrome will no longer supportH.264 video codecfor its HTML5 player, citing the desireto bring Google Chrome more inline with the currently available open codecs available inthe Chromium project, which Chrome is based on. As of January 2012, there has been noannouncement yet of which future version of Chrome will actually implement theremoval of H.264 support.
1. Speed
- this is the only browser that is multi process. This means that for every newtab or plugin there is a new process created. This is not only fast, but for the first timethat multi core cpu of yours will come in handy. Also javascript is compiled directly intomachine code, which is run with greatest speed.
2. Stability -
for the same as above, in case of plugin or tab crash - all other processessurvive. This means you can only loose one tab. And you also get a process manager.
3. Lightweight
- On long term Chrome uses less memory than other browsers. Especiallymemory usage is very clean, as once you close a tab, whole process is ended and all itsmemory is released. You also get process manager which shows you memory hogs, andwhere you can kill processes.
4. Incognito mode
- You can browse privately and securely, without writing a single fileor data into history, cookies, or cache. Ideal for "finding that surprise gift for wife" asgoogle puts it, or as we all know -
ideal for browsing pron late at night…
5. UI and ease of use
- Chrome has completely renewed user interface with tabs put ontop. Use is very simple, installation is a snap. Since there are just a few features andthings you can configure, there is nothing to mess up.
1. First Beta
- This is just a first public beta of browser, so do not expect it to properlyrender and show every and all web pages. Even Acid3 test completes just 71% of tests(which is weird as WebKit on which Chrome is based, has no problems completing100%).
2. Missing features
- Several functions as bookmark management, session managementand password management are very basic. For a serious web user this is a bigdisadvantage, and hopefully Google or community will address those soon.

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