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World Bank

World Bank

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Published by: Muhammad Mubasher Rafique on May 26, 2012
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05/26/2012

 
NB]IXBO]NLBOC ENBOBAI 
    Z   o   f   i
    ? 
]KI
 
VLXCM
 
HOB@ 
 
–  
 Ob nb}ixbo}nlboc lxfobnto}nlb mimnao}im }l zxlunmnbf enbobanbf# omunai obm xiqioxak}l miuiclznbf bo}nlbq }l onm }kinx ialblgna omuobaigib}"
‗  
 
Nbui}lzimno i{zconb &]ki Vlxcm Hob`&
]ki Vlxcm Hob` vo axio}im o} }ki ibm le Vlxcm Vox NN o o xiyc} le gob~ Iyxlziob obmOnob alyb}xni biimnbf enbobanbf }l eybm xialb}xya}nlb ieelx}" Axio}im ly} le }ki Hxi}}lbVllm ofxiigib} le ?>==# }ki Hob` vo yaaieyc nb zxlunmnbf enbobanbf elx }kiimiuo}o}im alyb}xni" ]lmo~# }ki Hob` eyba}nlb o ob nb}ixbo}nlboc lxfobnto}nlb }ko} o}}igz} }l enfk} zluix}~ h~ leeixnbf miuiclzgib}oc on}obai }l gnmmci obm zllx'nbalgialyb}xni" H~ fnunbf clob# obm leeixnbf omunai obm }xonbnbf nb hl}k }ki zxnuo}i obm zyhcnaia}lx# }ki Vlxcm Hob` ong }l icngnbo}i zluix}~ h~ kicznbf zilzci kicz }kigicui"
Kn}lx~4
]ki Vlxcm Hob` n lbi le enui nb}n}y}nlb axio}im o} }kiHxi}}lb Vllm Albeixibainb?>==" ]kiNb}ixbo}nlboc Glbi}ox~ Eybm#o xico}im nb}n}y}nlb# n }ki ialbm" Micifo}i exlggob~ alyb}xni o}}ibmim }ki Hxi}}lb Vllm Albeixibai" ]ki gl} zlvixeyc alyb}xni nbo}}ibmobai vixi }kiYbn}im Q}o}iobmYbn}im @nbfmlg#vknak mlgnbo}im bifl}no}nlb" ]ki
gonb lhdia}nui
hiknbm i}}nbf yz }kn nb}ixbo}nlboc lxfobnto}nlb vixi }l onm }ki }o`le xialb}xya}nlb le }ki vox'oeeia}im ialblgni le Iyxlzi obm on} nb }ki miuiclzgib} le }ki ybmixmiuiclzim bo}nlb le }ki vlxcm" Elx }ki enx} eiv ~iox# }ki Vlxcm Hob` xigonbimzxilaayznim vn}k }ki }o` le xi}lxnbf vox'}lxb bo}nlb nb Iyxlzi" Kounbf oakniuimyaai nb oaalgzcnknbf }kn }o` h~ co}i ?>9:# }ki Vlxcm Hob` }yxbim n} o}}ib}nlb }l }kimiuiclzgib} le ybmixmiuiclzim bo}nlb"N} vo }ki vlxcm& enx} gyc}nco}ixoc miuiclzgib} hob`# obm vo eybmim }kxlyfk }ki oci le Vlxcm Hlbm" N} enx} clob vixi }l Exobai obm l}kix Iyxlziob alyb}xni# hy} llb cib} glbi~ }l Aknci#Gi{nalobmNbmno}l hyncm zlvix zcob} obm xoncvo~" H~ ?>69# }ki Hob` ocl cib} glbi~ }l alyb}xni }l kicz vn}k eognc~ zcobbnbf# zlccy}nlb alb}xlc obmibunxlbgib}ocng"
Vlxcm Hob` o o Vklci4
]ki Vlxcm Hob` zxlunmi enbobanoc obm }iakbnaoc on}obai }ligixfnbf gox`i} alyb}xni"]ki Vlxcm Hob` n bl} oa}yocc~ o hob` nb }ki algglb ibi" Nb}iom# n} albn} le }vlmiuiclzgib} nb}n}y}nlb '' }ki Nb}ixbo}nlboc Hob` elx Xialb}xya}nlb obm Miuiclzgib} +NHXM. obm }ki Nb}ixbo}nlboc Miuiclzgib} Olano}nlb +NMO.'' lvbim h~ ?;5 gighixalyb}xni"]ki Hob` n aclic~ oeencno}im vn}k }kxii l}kix lxfobnto}nlb ''}ki Nb}ixbo}nlboc EnbobaiAlxzlxo}nlb +NEA.# }ki Gyc}nco}ixoc Fyoxob}ii Ofiba~ +GNFO.# obm }ki Nb}ixbo}nlboc Aib}xielx }ki Qi}}cigib} le Nbui}gib} Mnzy}i +NAQNM. '' }ko} yzzlx} n} floc le ximyanbfvlxcmvnmi zluix}~" ]ki enui lxfobnto}nlb go`i yz }ki Vlxcm Hob` Fxlyz"
 
NB]IXBO]NLBOC ENBOBAI 
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Vko} N }ki Zyxzli le }ki Vlxcm Hob`<
]ki Hob`& akox}ix# mxoe}im nb ?>== obm aoccim (Ox}naci le Ofxiigib}#( mienbi
enuizyxzli
elx }ki nb}n}y}nlb hy} mli cn}}ci }l acoxne~ }ki floc" ]kxii zyxzli zxlunmilgi fibixoc
}xo}ifna mnxia}nlb
obm }vl koui o glxi
lzixo}nlboc lxnib}o}nlb
"Oaalxmnbf }l }ki Ox}naci le Ofxiigib}# }ki }kxii
}xo}ifna zyxzli
le }ki Hob` oxi4?. ]l kicz gighix }o}i }l xialb}xya} obm miuiclz h~ eoancn}o}nbf aozn}oc nbui}gib} 8. ]l zxlgl}i elxinfb zxnuo}i nbui}gib} 1. ]l zxlgl}i }ki clbf'xobfi hocobaim fxlv}k le nb}ixbo}nlboc }xomi obm }ki gonb}ibobaile iqyncnhxnyg nb hocobai le zo~gib}"]kn klycm hi oakniuim h~ ibalyxofnbf nb}ixbo}nlboc nbui}gib} ongim o} glhncntnbf
mlgi}na xilyxai obm }ky (‥xonnbf
zxlmya}nun}~# }ki }obmoxm le cnunbf obm albmn}nlble cohlx"(]ki l}kix }vl
lzixo}nlboc zyxzli
nb }ki Ox}naci igzkonti=. ]ki biim }l allxmnbo}i vn}k l}kix cibmnbf ofibani9. ]ki biim (}l albmya} n} lzixo}nlb vn}k myi xifoxm }l }ki ieeia} le nb}ixbo}nlboc
nbui}gib} }l hynbi albmn}nlb‥(
 Blv# }ki Vlxcm Hob`&
gonb floc
n }l ximyai zluix}~ obm }l ngzxlui }ki cnunbf }obmoxmle }ki zilzci nb clv obm gnmmci'nbalgi alyb}xni" ]ki Vlxcm Hob` n
lbi le }ki vlxcm„
coxfi} lyxai le eybmnbf obm `blvcimfi }l yzzlx} fluixbgib} le gighix alyb}xni nb}kinx ieelx} }l nbui} nb akllc obm kioc}k aib}ix# zxlunmi vo}ix obm icia}xnan}~# enfk} mnioi obm zxl}ia} }ki ibunxlbgib}"
Vko} oxi }ki eyba}nlb le Vlxcm Hob`<
Gonb eyba}nlb le Vlxcm Hob` oxi o elcclv4
 
Zxlunmi eybm elx miuiclzgib} zxldia}
 
Zxlunmi zlcna~ omunai obm }iakbnaoc on}obai
 
Zxlgl}i nbui}gib} nb miuiclznbf alyb}xni
 
I{}ibm fxob} elx zxldia} zxizoxo}nlb obm nb}n}y}nlboc hyncmnbf]ki Vlxcm Hob` zxlunmi clv'nb}ixi} clob# nb}ixi}'exii aximn} obm fxob} }l miuiclznbfalyb}xni" ]ki Vlxcm Hob` clob oxi yyocc~ }l nbui} nb imyao}nlb# kioc}k# obmnbexo}xya}yxi" ]ki clob aob ocl hi yim }l glmixbnti o alyb}x~& enbobanoc ia}lx#ofxnayc}yxi# obm bo}yxoc xilyxai gobofigib}"
 
NB]IXBO]NLBOC ENBOBAI 
    Z   o   f   i
    1 
]ki Hob`& floc
n }l (hxnmfi }ki ialblgna mnunmi hi}viib zllx obm xnak alyb}xni# }l }yxbxnak alyb}x~ xilyxai nb}l zllx alyb}x~ fxlv}k obm }l oakniui y}onbohci zluix}~ximya}nlb"(]l oakniui }kn floc# }ki Hob` elayi lb n{ oxio4
?"
 
Luixalgi zluix}~ h~ zyxxnbf fxlv}k nb }ki zllxi} alyb}xni# elaynbf lb Oexnao"
8"
 
Leeix xialb}xya}nlb }l zllx alyb}xni igixfnbf exlg vox# o godlx alb}xnhy}nbfeoa}lx }l i{}xigi zluix}~"
1"
 
Zxlunmi o ay}lgntim miuiclzgib} lcy}nlb }l kicz }kli gnmmci'nbalgi alyb}xniluixalgi zxlhcig }ko} alycm }kxlv }kig hoa` nb}l zluix}~"
="
 
Qzyx fluixbgib} }l oa} lb zxiuib}nbfacngo}i akobfi#alb}xlccnbf alggybnaohcimnioi# +izianocc~ KNU,ONMQ obm gocoxno.# gobofnbf nb}ixbo}nlboc enbobanoc axni#obm zxlgl}nbfexii }xomi" 
9"
 
Vlx` vn}k }ki Ciofyi le Oxoh Q}o}i }l ngzxlui imyao}nlb# hyncm nbexo}xya}yxi obmzxlunmi gnaxl'clob }l gocc hynbii nb }ki Oxoh vlxcm"
5"
 
Qkoxi n} i{zix}ni vn}k miuiclznbf alyb}xni# obm n} `blvcimfi vn}k ob~lbi unoxizlx} obm n} nb}ixoa}nui lbcnbi mo}ohoi"]lmo~# }ki ixunai zxlunmim h~ }ki Vlxcm Hob` koui nbaxioim gobnelcm" ]ki Vlxcm Hob`n bl clbfix albenbim }l ngzc~ zxlunmnbf enbobanoc on}obai elx nbexo}xya}yximiuiclzgib}# ofxnayc}yxi# nbmy}x~# kioc}k obm obn}o}nlb" N} n xo}kix nfbnenaob}c~ nbulcuimnb oxio cn`i xigluoc le xyxoc zluix}~ }kxlyfk xonnbf zxlmya}nun}~# nbaxionbf nbalgi le }ki xyxoc zllx# zxlunmnbf }iakbnaoc yzzlx}# obm nbn}no}nbf xiioxak obm allzixo}nuiuib}yxi"
Vkl Xyb }ki Vlxcm Hob`<
Xlhix} Tliccna` ko hiib Zxinmib} le }ki Vlxcm Hob` nbai 8::6" ]ki Hob` ko glxi }kob?:#::: igzcl~ii exlg luix ?5: alyb}xni" ]vl'}knxm vlx` nb Voknbf}lb# MA# vn}k }kixi} }o}nlbim nb ?:: alyb}x~ leenai nb }ki miuiclznbf vlxcm"
Vko} n Qlyxai le Eybmnbf elx Vlxcm Hob`<
]ki Vlxcm Hob` n ob nbui}gib} hob`# nb}ixgimno}nbf hi}viib nbui}lx obm xianznib}#hlxxlvnbf exlg }ki lbi obm cibmnbf }l }ki l}kix"
 
N} lvbix oxi }ki fluixbgib} le n} ?;5 gighix bo}nlb vn}k
iqyn}~ koxi
nb}ki Hob`# vknak vixi uocyim o} ohly} 
-?65 hnccnlb
nb Dybi ?>>9"
 
]ki
NHXM
lh}onb gl} le }ki eybm n} cibm }l enbobai miuiclzgib} h~
gox`i} hlxxlvnbf
}kxlyfk }ki nyi le hlbm +vknak aoxx~ ob OOO xo}nbf hiaoyixizo~gib} n fyoxob}iim h~ gighix fluixbgib}. }l nbmnunmyoc obm zxnuo}inb}n}y}nlb nb glxi }kob ?:: alyb}xni"
 
N} albainlboc clob olano}i#
NMO
# n coxfic~ enbobaim h~
fxob} exlg mlblxbo}nlb
"
 
]ki Hob` n o godlx hlxxlvix nb }ki vlxcm&
aozn}oc gox`i}
obm }ki coxfi} blbxinmib} hlxxlvix nb unx}yocc~ occ alyb}xni vkixi n} nyi oxi lcm"
 
N} ocl hlxxlv glbi~ h~
iccnbf hlbm obm bl}i
mnxia}c~ }l fluixbgib}# }kinxofibani# obm aib}xoc hob`" ]ki zxlaiim le }kii hlbm oci oxi cib} nb }yxb }lmiuiclznbf alyb}xni o} oeelxmohci xo}i le nb}ixi} }l kicz enbobai zxldia} obmzlcna~ xielxg zxlfxog }ko} fnui zxlgni le yaai"

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