Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
5Activity

Table Of Contents

The Hyphal Mode of Life
1.1FEATURES OF HYPHAE
1.1.1Spread and Longevity
1.1.2Indeterminate Growth
1.1.3Apical Extension and Synchronized Growth
1.1.4Spitzenkörper
1.1.5Tip-High Calcium
1.1.6Large Surface Area
1.1.7Cytoskeleton
1.1.8Protein Secretion
1.3.2Branching
1.3.3Hyphal Fusion
1.3.4Multihyphal Structures
1.4CONCLUDING REMARKS
REFERENCES
The Multinuclear Condition
2.1NUCLEAR NUMBER AND HYPHAL GROWTH
2.5NUCLEAR MIGRATION
2.6POSITIONING OF NUCLEI AND GENE REGULATION
2.7HETEROKARYOSIS
2.7.1Sheltering of Lethal Mutation
2.7.2Nuclear Selection
2.7.3Nuclear Competence
2.8PARASEXUAL RECOMBINATION
2.9CONCLUDING REMARKS
Fungi as Symbiotic Partners
3.1MYCORRHIZA
3.1.1Types of Mycorrhiza
3.1.2Techniques of Studying Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
3.1.3Diffusible Host and Fungal Factors
3.1.4Differentially Expressed Plant Genes
3.1.5Multiple Genomes
3.2.1Mycobiont and Photobiont
3.2.2Lichen Synthesis
3.2.3Transfer of Carbohydrate in Lichen Symbiosis
3.3SOME UNANSWERED QUESTIONS
Fungi as Plant Pathogens
4.1EARLY IDEAS ON PLANT DISEASES
4.4GENERAL FEATURES OF PATHOGENESIS
4.4.1Adhesion of Spores
4.4.2Directional Growth
4.4.3Infection Structures
4.4.6Detoxification of Saponins
4.5CONCLUDING REMARKS
: A Gateway to Biology
5.1HABITAT, LIFE STYLE AND LIFE CYCLE
5.2MEIOTIC EVENTS
5.3GENE MAPS
5.4ONE GENE-ONE ENZYME HYPOTHESIS
5.5MOLECULAR REVOLUTION
5.6REVELATIONS FROM GENOME SEQUENCE
5.7CONCLUDING REMARKS
6.3BUD GROWTH AND POLARITY
6.4MATING AND SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION CASCADE
6.5PROTEIN TARGETING
6.6MITOCHONDRIAL BIOGENESIS
6.7FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS
6.7.1Number of Yeast Genes
6.7.2Expression Pattern of Genes Using DNA Microarrays
6.7.3Mapping Transcription Network
6.8PROTEOMICS AND SYSTEM BIOLOGY MODELING
6.9CONCLUDING REMARKS
7.1CONIDIOPHORE MORPHOGENESIS
7.1.1Developmental Competence
7.2MICROCYCLE CONIDIATION
7.3CONIDIATION GENES
7.4CONIDIATION TRIGGER
7.5REGULATORY PATHWAY
8.1HETEROTHALLISM VS. HOMOTHALLISM
8.2CELL-CELL RECOGNITION
8.2.1Mating Types
8.3EXTRACELLULAR RECOGNITION
Locus
8.3.2Pheromone and Receptor
8.4INTRACELLULAR RECOGNITION
9.1TRANSFORMATION PROCEDURE
9.2HOMOLOGOUS VS. ECTOPIC INTEGRATION OF TRANSGENE
9.4GENE-SILENCING PHENOMENA
9.4.1Silencing by Mutation (RIP)
9.4.2Meiotic Silencing by Unpaired DNA (MSUD)
9.4.3Silencing by DNA Methylation (MIP)
9.4.4Quelling
9.4.5Internuclear Gene Silencing
9.5CONCLUDING REMARKS
10.1DISCOVERY
10.1.1Self-Heating of Stored Agricultural Products
10.1.2Guayule Rets
10.1.3Composts
10.2DISTRIBUTION IN SOIL
10.3PHYSIOLOGY
10.3.1Cultivation
10.3.2Metabolic Rate
10.3.3Efficiency of Growth
10.3.4Carbon Sources in Environment
10.3.5Transport of Nutrients
10.3.6Protein Turnover
10.4SECRETORY ENZYMES
10.4.1Proteases
10.4.2Lipases
10.4.3Amylases
10.4.4 Cellulases
10.4.5 Xylanases
10.5 CELL-ASSOCIATED ENZYMES
10.6CONCLUDING REMARKS
Photoresponses and Circadian Rhythm
11.1TYPES OF PHOTORESPONSES IN FUNGI
11.1.1Pigmentation
11.1.2Growth Rhythms
11.1.3Reproduction
11.1.4Spore Liberation
11.1.5Phototropism
11.1.6Morphogenesis
11.2.1A Clock Gene
11.2.2Regulatory Genes
11.2.3 Clock-Controlled Genes
11.3 ENTRAINMENT
Decomposition of Biomass
12.1DECAY OF WOOD AND LITTER
12.1.1White-Rot and Brown-Rot Fungi
12.1.2Litter Decomposers
12.2BIOCHEMISTRY OF DEGRADATION OF CELL WALLPOLYMERS
12.2.1Lignin Degradation
12.2.2Cellulose Degradation
12.2.3Hemicellulose Degradation
12.3CONCLUDING REMARKS
Species, Their Diversity and Populations
13.1VALUE OF DIVERSITY
13.1.1Applied Research
13.1.2Basic Research
13.2NUMBER OF FUNGAL SPECIES
13.3SPECIES RECOGNITION
13.3.1MSR, BSR and PSR
13.4DISCOVERY OF INTRASPECIES VARIABILITY
13.4.1Physiological Races
13.4.2Vegetative Compatibility
13.5GENERATION OF VARIATION
13.5.1Mutation and Heterokaryosis
13.5.2Transposable Elements
13.6DETECTION OF GENETIC VARIATION IN POPULATIONS
13.6.1Isozymes
13.6.4Ribosomal DNA
13.6.5Mitochondrial DNA and Mitochondrial Plasmids
13.6.6DNA Sequence
13.6.7Karyotype Polymorphism
13.6.8Spore Killer Elements
13.7SPECIATION
13.8CONCLUDING REMARKS
Senescence
14.1DISCOVERY OF SENESCING STRAINS
14.2.1Genetic Cross
14.2.2Heterokaryon Test
14.4.1Mitochondrial Plasmids
14.5NUCLEAR GENE MUTANTS
14.6AEROBIC RESPIRATION, AGING AND SENESCENCE
14.7CONCLUDING REMARKS
Naming, Defining, and Broadly Classifying Fungi
NAMING OF FUNGI
DEFINITION OF A FUNGUS
A BROAD CLASSIFICATION OF FUNGI
Phylum Chytridiomycotina
Phylum Zygomycotina
Phylum Glomeromycotina
GENERAL REFERENCES
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Fungi - Experimental Methods in Biology

Fungi - Experimental Methods in Biology

Ratings: (0)|Views: 126|Likes:
Published by Helio Edward

More info:

Published by: Helio Edward on May 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/02/2013

pdf

text

original

You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 6 to 31 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 37 to 40 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 46 to 68 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 74 to 229 are not shown in this preview.
You're Reading a Free Preview
Pages 235 to 261 are not shown in this preview.

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
windua liked this
mokamiki liked this
puretrust liked this
kokyongc liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->