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Unit 3 Disaster Management

Unit 3 Disaster Management

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Published by: Rathnavel Ponnuswami on May 27, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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As per the Syllabus According to our Omnibus
Trigger mechanism
Constitution of trigger mechanism
Risk reduction by education
Disaster information network 
Risk reduction by public awareness
Trigger Mechanism
Risk Reduction by Education
Risk Reduction by Public Awareness
Disaster Information Networks
 Introduction * Need * Activities/Components * Constitution of Trigger Mechanism
Trigger Mechanism is a quick response mechanism, which would spontaneously set the vehicleof management into motion on the road to disaster mitigation process.The trigger mechanism has been envisaged as a preparedness plan whereby the receipt of asignal of an impending disaster would simultaneously energise and activate the mechanism forresponse and mitigation without loss of crucial time.The Trigger Mechanism is in essence, the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) in disastermanagement in which the implementation of efforts on ground is well laid down.
As and when a disaster takes place, be it natural or man-made, the managers struggle to mitigateits effects on human lives and material losses. The immediate response in all disasters has moreor less the same parameters. These are to provide rescue and relief and save the precious humanlife. Thus, the emergency response of the disaster managers is a factor independent of the typesof intensity of the disasters. This is the need for trigger mechanism.
The Trigger Mechanism requires the disaster managers to:
1. Identify disasters and their probability of occurrence
Identification of hazards and vulnerability of areas/people to the hazardsPreparation of District Profile or Area Profile which includes hazards,vulnerability and records of previous disastersDevelopmental Process and Notable changes in the area
2. Evolve an effective signal / warning mechanism
Use of traditional/mordern methods of communication to alert the peopleCan be availed from agencies like IMD,CWC,AIR,DD etc
3. Identify activities
Co-ordination, Command and ControlRapid Assessment of DamageRestoration of Power, Communication and Surface TransportDeployment of Search/ Rescue Teams and Medical TeamsArranging water and foodSetting up Temporary SheltersMaintenance of Sanitation and HygieneIdentification and Earmarking of ResourcesMaintenance of Law and Order
4. Identify sub-activities under each activity
Each activity will generally involve three to six sub activitiesAll sub activities need to be listed under respective main activityEg. Medical Assistance is main activity. Sub Activity
arrangement of doctors,arrangement of medicines, travel of doctors, needs of doctors, inventory and supply of medicines etc.
5. Define level of response
Lower impacts of disaster, lower the level of response. More impacts of disaster, morethe level of response. The Levels are namedL0
normal situation or no disasterL1
disaster can be managed at district levelL2
disaster can be managed at state levelL3
disaster can be managed at national/international level
6. Specify authorities for each level of activity and sub-activity.
Every activity is assigned to specific authority. Since many authorities/departments willbe involved, all details of authorities should be specified and each authority allotted aunique ID. Like activities and sub activities, authorities should be mapped with subauthorities
7. Determine the response time for each activity
In emergency time is always the essenceFor each activity/sub activity quick response time not more than 20 minutes should befixedEvery authority should be aware of the response time and act accordingly
8. Work out individual plans of each specified authority to achieve as per the QRT
Plan for each activity and its sub activities so that the activity is done within the responsetimeList the various resources required for accomplishmentClearly establish the authorities and provide him required powers to arrange for resourcesThe identification and earmarking of resources should be based on availability andfunctionality
9. Have Quick Response Teams for each specified authority
A Special Team (Quick Response Time) having complete knowledge and skills can beallotted for each authority

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