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bahasa-inggris SNMPTN

bahasa-inggris SNMPTN

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Published by: Hanif Arkan Nurdiansyah on May 27, 2012
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SOAL & PEMBAHASAN SNMPTN 2011KEMAMPUAN DASAR KODE SOAL : 194
Bidang Studi : Bahasa InggrisTanggal Tes : Selasa, 31 Mei 2011Pemilik blog : M. Nashiruddin Hasan (tentor matematika SSCi Jogja), CP:085643433453Nama blog :
htt p ://matematikaitum u dah.wordpress.com
Jumlah Soal : 15 BUTIR
A
.
 
a deep ocean trench is a result of an
Text 1
 
earthquake
.
The most common causes of tsunamis are
B
.
 
the energy of subduction can lead
to
underwater earthquakes.
To
understand earthquakes.underwater searthquakes, you must first
C
.
 
plate tectonics lead to an earthquake andunderstand plate tectonics. The theory of plate volcanismtectonics suggests that the lithosphere, or top
D
.
 
tsunamis in Indian Ocean are biggest in thelayer of the Earth, is made up of a series of huge history
.
plates. These plates make up the continents and
E
.
 
strong movements of undersea fault linesseafloor. They rest on an underlying viscous layer cause tsunami.called the asthenosphere
.
 
Think of pie cut into eight slices. The pie crustwould be the lithosphere and the hot, sticky piefilling underneath would be the asthenosphere. Onthe earth, this plates are constantly in motion,moving along each other at a speed of 1 to 2inches (2.5-5 cm) per year. The movement occursmost dramatically along fault lines (where the pieis cut). These motions are capable of producingearthquakes and volcanism, which, when theyoccur at the bottom of the ocean, are two possiblesources of tsunamis.
10
When two plates come into contact at a regionknown as a plate boundary, a heavier plate canslip under a lighter one. This is called subduction.Underwater subduction often leaves enormous “handprints” in the form of deep ocean trenchesalong the seafloor. In some cases of subduction,part of the seafloor connected to the lighter platemay “snap up” suddenly due to pressure from thesinking plate. This results in an earthquake. Thefocus of the earthquake is the point within theEarth where the rupture first occurs, rock break
15 
and the first seismic waves are generated. Theepicenter is the point on the seafloor directly abovethe focus.When this piece of the plate snaps up andsends tons of rock shooting upward withtremendous force, the energy of that farce istransferred to the water. The energy pushes thewater upward above normal sea level. This is birthof a tsunami. The earthquake that generated theDecember 26, 2004 tsunami in the Indian Oceanwas a 9.0 on the Richter scale
  
one of thebiggest in recorded history
.
31.
 
Which of the following best states the topic of thistext?
A
.
 
The birth of a tsunami
B
.
 
The magnitude of tsunamis
C
.
 
Tsunamis in the Indian Ocean
D
.
 
Series of huge plate on earth
E
.
 
Lithosphere and asthenosphere32.
 
The main idea of this text is that ....
 M 
.
 Nashiruddin Hasan (Tentor Matematika SSCi Jogja)
33.
 
Implied in the text is that the earthquake willnever occur when ....
A
.
 
the subduction is evidenced.
B
.
 
seismic waves are generated.
C
.
 
no fault line of plate tectonics happens.
D
.
 
heavier plates and lighter ones break up.
E
.
 
ocean trenches lia along the seashore.34.
 
Which of the following natural disasters happeningin Indonesia is related to the fault movement of plate tectonics?
A
.
 
Volcanic eruptions
B
.
 
Soil erosion
C
.
 
Forest fires
D
.
 
Landslides
E
.
 
Floods35.
 
The following is mentioned in the text abouttsunamis, EXCEPT that they are ....
A
.
 
predictable following any incidence of earthquakes.
B
.
 
close to the rise of sea levels from the sinkingplate.
C
.
 
connected to deep ocean trenches along seafloors.
D
.
 
related to strong movements of plate tectonics.
E
.
 
highly linked to underwater earthquakes.
Text 2
Indentifying ingredients in old paintings can helpcurators decide how best to maintain, display andrestore them. The 17th-century Dutch artis,Rembrandt, was found to use wheat, according tonew advanced analysis of two of his works. It isthe first study to identify wheat starch in any of Rembrandts
work, even though scientists haveperfomed numerous analyses on more than 150 of his
.
 
In Rembrandts
time, artists mixed their ownpaints, which they then spread onto canvas inlayers. Often, individual layers of the same piece of art contained different binding agents, pigments,varnishes and other ingredients. Besides color,each layer was mixed to just the right level of thickness, glossines, texture, evenness on thesurface, drying time and more
.
http://matematikaitumuda h .wordpress.com
 
However, paint layers are though to analyzebecause they are spread so incredibly thin
. The
10
thinnes ones rise just a thousandth of a millimeterabove the layer below them. Using a variety of chemical and physical analytical methods, alongwith old written records, scientists have been ableto identify pigments and other inorganic materialsin many ancient paintings
.
For the new study, the scientist used some of the most high-tech equipment around to look atthe “Portrait of Nicolaes Van Bambeeck,” which
 
Rembrandt van Rijn painted in 1641
.
First they
15 
took a cross-section from a miniscule section of thepainting. Then they used a variety of methods toprobe the layers, including a technique called Timeof Fly
  
Secondary Ion Mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). This technique involves sending a focused,high-energy beam of ions at the layered sample,then observing the ions that bounce back. Byanalyzing the energy and chemical nature of theejected ions, scientists can deduce detailedinformation about the types of elements andchemical bonds held within.
20
For the second greyish layer of paint on the “Portrait of Nicolaes van Bambeeck,” the scanshowed, Rembrandt mixed oil and a small amountof lead with wheat flour. Its
not clear yet whetherRembrandt used wheat earlier or continued to useingredient after painting the “Portrait of Nicolaedvan Bambeeck,” who was a rich wool merchant.But the researchers also found wheat in the
 “Portrait of Agatha Bas,” the merchants wife
.36.
 
What would the paragraph following the passagebe likely to discuss?
A
.
 
The ToF-SIMS
B
.
 
Paintings of other 17
th
century artist
C
.
 
Written evidence of the use of wheat flour
D
.
 
The painting “Portrait of Agatha Bas” 
 E
.
 
Other technique used in the research37.
 
What is the main idea of paragraph 3?
A
.
 
There are some advantages of using paintlayers.
B
.
 
Scientists have found the thinnest layer of painting.
C
.
 
There
are
inorganic materials in ancientpaintings.
D
.
 
There
are
some methods to
crack
layerpainting mystery
.
E
.
 
The chemical ingredients for layer paintingcantain different pigments.38.
 
According to paragraph 1, which of the followingwords can best describe scientists effort to identify
ingredients in Rembrandts paintings?
 A
.
 
Glorious
B
.
 
Effortless
C
.
 
Involuntary
D
.
 
Lenghty
E
.
 
Laborious39.
 
How does the author organize the ideas in thepassage?
A
.
 
By arguing other theories of old paintings
ingredients
.
B
.
 
By comparing one Rembrandts
works to hisother works
.
C
.
 
By discussing possible ingredients used at
Rembrandts time
.
20
to improve livehoods and not just for climate
B
.
 
three major topics; the second five majorreasons, said Kirtana Chandrasekaran, food ones
.
campaigner for Friends of the Earth. She added
C
.
 
one general topic; the second two minor ones.
D
.
 
By presenting the researchs
findings anddescribing its process
.E
.
 
By discussing the importance of knowing whatingredients Rembrandt used.40.
 
What does the word „they
in “
... own paints, whichthey then ...(line 5) refer to?
A
.
 
Layers
B
.
 
Artists
C
.
 
Paints
D
.
 
Pigments
E
.
 
Ingredients
Text 3
Text ASoaring carbon emissions from a meat-hungrydeveloping world could be cut back substantially byimproving animal breeds and feed, according to astudy
.
It is estimated that livestock farming
 
contributes 18-51 per cent of the
worlds
greenhouse gas emissions. Demand for livestockproducts is predicted to double by 2050 as a resultof growing populations, urbanization, and betterincome in the developing world, which will cause
10
emissions to riseThe study, published in the
Proceedings of theNational Academy of Science
, suggest that 12 percent of total livestock-related emissions in 2030could easily be shortened with simple
15 
improvements in production. These include:switching to more nutritious pasture grasses;supplenting livestock diets based on grass withsmall amounts of crop residues or grains; restoringdegraded grazing lands; growing trees that trap
20
carbon while producing leaves that livestock couldeat; and adopting more productive breeds. “Organizations from the West, especially theWorld Watch Institute, have continued to blamelivestock-keeping for being one of the major
25 
polluters of the world, yet livestock keepings
possitives by far outweigh the negative,” saidMario Herrero, co-author of the paper and a seniorscientist
at
International Livestock ResearchInstitute
.
Text BLivestock farmers in developing countries have arelatively small environmental footprint and theiranimals provide them with food, income andtransport for their crops, said John Byron.
 “What
 
these farmers need are technological options andeconomic incentives that help them intensify theirproduction in sustainable ways,” he added.Steinfeld, coordinator of the Livestock,Environment and Development Initiative at the
10
Food and Agriculture Organization, said: “If onewere able to connect this to smallholderdevelopment by making poor farmers benefitthrough the possibility of carbon offsets and carbonmarkets that would indeed create a win-win
15 
situation where one would have socioeconomicbenefits, targeting poor people, while reducing thecarbon „hoofprints
i.e the carbon footprint of livestock”.Improving livestock production should be done
http://matematikaitumuda h .wordpress.com
 
that intensive agriculture also contributes to
D
.
 
two major topics; the second three majorbiodiversity loss so “its
very dangerous” just to ones
.
25 
look at lowering emissions “when theres
a whole
E
.
 
eight minor topics; the second six minor ones.host of other factor affecting improvement inlivestock farming”.41.
 
The theme of these two text would most likely be...
A
.
 
research for better livestock farming.
B
.
 
livestock farming and carbon emissions.
C
.
 
livestock as a top source of air pollution.
D
.
 
arguments for sustainable livestock farming.
E
.
 
cutting carbon emissions in live stock farming.42.
 
The following ideas reflect opinions in two texts,EXCEPT ...
A
.
 
better management in livestock farming linksto less gas emissions.
B
.
 
better life quality should also result fromimproved livestock farming.
C
.
 
sustainable livestock farming potentially leadsto low carbon emissions.
D
.
 
inspite of its carbon emissions, livestockfarming gives more advantages.
E
.
 
livestock industries have affected greenhousegas emissions significantly.43.
 
It can be concluded from the two texts that cattle
productions are considered „succesful
if they
...
A
.
 
contribute more to economic benefits for thehumans livehood.
B
.
 
address reduction of carbon emissions,biodiversity and better quality of life.
C
.
 
result from provisions of appropriatetechnology and economic motivations.
D
.
 
are controlled from the side of economic andtechnological management.
E
.
 
consider both technology and natural factorsaffecting livestock farming.44.
 
Which of following statements can be hypothecallyfigured out based on the information in these twotexts?
A
.
 
the increase in population, urbanization, andearnings leads to the higher demand forlivestock consumptions, and thus the highercarbon emissions.
B
.
 
the significant increase in greenhouse gasemissions in due to changes in peoples
 lifestyles and activities, including the higherdemand for livestock products.
C
.
 
desirable livestock farming is parallel withreduction of greenhouse
gas
emissions,improvement of biodiversity, and bettersocioeconomic quality of the poor.
D
.
 
whatever the technological attemps are madeto improve livestock production to meet thepeoples
demand, higher carbon emission willconstantly increase.
E
.
 
although it affects positively the
poor
s
 socioeconomic status, livestock farmingactivities negatively influence biodiversity aswell as global climate condition.45.
 
The argument for livestock farming in the first textdiffers significanly from that in the second text inthat the first text deals with ...
A
.
 
seven minor topics; the second three minorones.
 M 
.
 Nashiruddin Hasan (Tentor Matematika SSCi Jogja)
 
http://matematikaitumuda h .wordpress.com

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