4

2

Anna UniversityQuestion Bank Engineering Mathematics-1

QUESTION BANK

UNIT-I

MATRICES

PART-A(2 MARKS)

a

1. Find the constants a and b such that the matrix

1

4

has 3 and -2 as its

b

eigen values.

6

−

22

2. The product of two eigen values of the matrix A =

−

2

3

−

1

is 16,Find the third eigen value.

2

−

13

3. Find the sum and product of the eigen values of the matrix

1 2

−

2

A =

1

0

3

using properties.

−

2

−

1

−

3

4. If the sum of two eigen values and trace of a 3X3 matrix A are equal,find

A

.

4

5. Given that A =

31

, find the eigen values of A

3

.

2

2 5

6. Find the eigen values of A

-1

if the matrix A is A =

0

3

0 0

−

1

2

.

2

7. Two eigen values of the matrix A =

1

1

21

31

2

are equal to 1 each. Find

5

4

the eigen values of A

-1

.8. If 1 & 2 are the eigenvalues of a 2X2 matrix A, what are the eigenvalues ofA

2

and A

-1

.9. Let

λ

be an eigen value of a non-singular matrix A with eigen vector x.Show that

1

is an eigen value of A

-1

with eigen vector x.

λ

10. If

λ

1

,

λ

2

,

λ

3

,.........,

λ

n

are the eigen values of an nXn matrix A, then showthat

3333

3

λ

1

,

λ

2

,

λ

3

,.........,

λ

n

are the eigen values of A .

314

11. Find the sum of the squares of the eigenvalues of A =

0

0

2

6

.

0

12. State Cayley-Hamilton theorem.13. Give two uses of Cayley-Hamilton theorem.

14

14. using Cayley-Hamilton theorem find the inverse of

.

23

3

15. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A =

−

1

−

1

.

5

1

16. If A =

0

0

write A

3

interms of A and I, using Cayley-Hamilton theorem.

5

17. Define orthogonal matrix.18. write down the quadratic form corresponding to the symmetric matrix

21

12

−

2

−

2

.

−

2

−

23

19. Classify the quadratic forms

x

2

+

x

2

and

x

2

−

x

2

.

131

2

20. Find the index and signature of the quadratic form

x

2

+2

x

2

−

3

x

2

.

123

PART-B

11

−

4

−

7

1.a. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of the matrix A =

7

10

−

2

−

5

−

4

−

6

andhence find the eigen values of A

2

,5A and A

-1

using properties.

(8)

8

−

62

b. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of

−

67

−

4

.

(8)

2

−

4

3

41

1

2.a. Find the eigen values and the eigen vectors of the matrix

1

1

4

1

.

(8)

1

3

0

3

1

22

2

b. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of the matrix A =

1

1

−

1

1

−

2

.

(8)

−

1

2

−

21

20

3.a. Find the eigen values and the eigen vectors of the matrix

2

11

.

(8)

−

7 2

1

−

3

11

b. Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find A

-1

given the matrix A =

1

2

2

−

3

.

(8)

−

1

7

4.a. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A =

2

3

and hence find A

-1

6

and A

3

.

(8)

7 2

−

2

b. Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find A

-1

if A =

−

6

−

1

2

.

(8)

1

00

62

−

1

5.a. If A =

1

0

0

1

, find A

-1

and A

4

using Cayley-Hamilton theorem.

(8)

1

1 2

−

2

b. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem and hence find A

-1

if A =

−

1

3

0

−

2

0

.

(8)

1

220

6.a. Diagonalise

2

11

.

(8)

−

7

2

−

3

100

b.Diagonalize the matrix A =

0

0

3

−

1

using an orthogonal transformation.

(8)

−

1

6

−

22

7.a. Diagonalize A =

−

2

3

−

1

by an orthogonal transformation.

(8)

2

−

1

10

−

2

3

−

5

b. Reduce the matrix

−

22

3

to diagonal form.

(8)

−

535

8.a. Reduce the quadratic form

x

2

+

2

y

2

+

z

2

−

2

xy

+

2

yz

into canonical form.

(8)

b. Reduce the quadratic form

10

x

2

+2

x

2

+

5

x

3

+6

x

2

x

3

−

10

x

3

x

1

−

4

x

1

x

2

.

(8)

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