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4
2
Anna UniversityQuestion Bank Engineering Mathematics-1
QUESTION BANK
UNIT-I
MATRICES
PART-A(2 MARKS)
a
1. Find the constants a and b such that the matrix
1
4
has 3 and -2 as its
b
eigen values.
6
22
2. The product of two eigen values of the matrix A =
2
3
1
is 16,Find the third eigen value.
2
13
3. Find the sum and product of the eigen values of the matrix
1 2
2
A =
1
0
3
using properties.
2
1
3
4. If the sum of two eigen values and trace of a 3X3 matrix A are equal,find
 A
.
4
5. Given that A =
31
, find the eigen values of A
3
.
2
2 5
6. Find the eigen values of A
-1
if the matrix A is A =
0
3
0 0
1
2
.
2
7. Two eigen values of the matrix A =
1
1
21
31
2
are equal to 1 each. Find
 
5
4
the eigen values of A
-1
.8. If 1 & 2 are the eigenvalues of a 2X2 matrix A, what are the eigenvalues ofA
2
and A
-1
.9. Let
λ
be an eigen value of a non-singular matrix A with eigen vector x.Show that
1
is an eigen value of A
-1
with eigen vector x.
λ 
10. If
λ
1
,
λ
2
,
λ
3
,.........,
λ 
n
are the eigen values of an nXn matrix A, then showthat
3333
3
λ
1
,
λ
2
,
λ
3
,.........,
λ 
n
are the eigen values of A .
314
11. Find the sum of the squares of the eigenvalues of A =
0
0
2
6
.
0
12. State Cayley-Hamilton theorem.13. Give two uses of Cayley-Hamilton theorem.
14
14. using Cayley-Hamilton theorem find the inverse of
.
23
3
15. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A =
1
1
.
5
1
16. If A =
0
0
write A
3
interms of A and I, using Cayley-Hamilton theorem.
5
17. Define orthogonal matrix.18. write down the quadratic form corresponding to the symmetric matrix
21
12
2
2
.
2
23
19. Classify the quadratic forms
x
2
+
 x
2
and
x
2
 x
2
.
131
2
20. Find the index and signature of the quadratic form
x
2
+2
 x
2
3
 x
2
.
123
PART-B
11
4
7
1.a. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of the matrix A =
7
10
2
5
4
6
andhence find the eigen values of A
2
,5A and A
-1
using properties.
(8)
8
62
b. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of
67
4
.
(8)
2
4
3
41
1
2.a. Find the eigen values and the eigen vectors of the matrix
1
1
4
1
.
(8)
1
 
3
0
3
1
22
2
b. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of the matrix A =
1
1
1
1
2
.
(8)
1
2
21
20
3.a. Find the eigen values and the eigen vectors of the matrix
2
11
.
(8)
7 2
1
3
11
b. Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find A
-1
given the matrix A =
1
2
2
3
.
(8)
1
7
4.a. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A =
2
3
and hence find A
-1
6
and A
3
.
(8)
7 2
2
b. Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find A
-1
if A =
6
1
2
.
(8)
1
00
62
1
5.a. If A =
1
0
0
1
, find A
-1
and A
4
using Cayley-Hamilton theorem.
(8)
1
1 2
2
b. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem and hence find A
-1
if A =
1
3
0
2
0
.
(8)
1
220
6.a. Diagonalise
2
11
.
(8)
7
2
3
100
b.Diagonalize the matrix A =
0
0
3
1
using an orthogonal transformation.
(8)
1
6
22
7.a. Diagonalize A =
2
3
1
by an orthogonal transformation.
(8)
2
1
10
2
3
5
b. Reduce the matrix
22
3
to diagonal form.
(8)
535
8.a. Reduce the quadratic form
x
2
+
2
 y
2
+
 z
2
2
 xy
+
2
 yz
into canonical form.
(8)
b. Reduce the quadratic form
10
 x
2
+2
 x
2
+
5
 x
3
+6
 x
2
 x
3
10
 x
3
 x
1
4
 x
1
 x
2
.
(8)

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