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Istoria_veche_a_Romaniei_I

Istoria_veche_a_Romaniei_I

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Published by: Sacarea Diana on May 28, 2012
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12/12/2012

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"
ROMANIEI
Prof.dr.loanGLODARIU
INTRODUCERE
IN
~
ISTORIAANTICAA
(PARTEAI-A)
,
I
 
Cuprins
OBIECTSIPERlODIZAREGENERAL
A..,.
7EPOCAPALEOLITlCA.",,....,,..,
11
EPIPALEOLlTICUL(MEZOLITICUL),,..,"..,,·················
16
EPOCANEOLlTlCA"."..".",''',,."..,."
18
CULTURILENEOLITICULUl""..""""""."."".""""".".,"23PERIOADADETRECEREDELAENEOLITICLAEPOCABRONZULill.""."",..""",,""""".,,""",,"".........26EPOCABRONZULUl"'"."".""..."''''''',..".''''.".,,.''''.''''.''''''.,.
28
PERIOADADETRECERESPREEPOCAFIERULillSIPRIMAEPOCAAFlERULll"'''''"."''''''"."".,,.'''''''''''''''''."....32SCITlliNTRANSILVANIA.""""",,",,"".."""."".,,""."""".""....
36
FONDAREASIlSTORIAORASELORGRECESTIDEPELHORALULDOBROGEANAL
MARIl
NEGREpANAiNSECOLUL}d.
H.""."".".""",,."""""."""""""""."
38ISTORlADACO-GETILORiNSECVI-ITi.H..".".""""46
A
DOUAEPocA
A
FlERULUlPETERITORlULROMANIEL"
".,51
DACIA",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.,,,,.,,,,,,,,.."...."",,,,,."...""""""."".'57ISTORIAPOLITIC
A
ADACO·GETILORDEl.ASF~ITUlSEC.
IIiR
pANA
LA
RAZBOAIELEDACO-ROMANEDELASFA~ITULSEC.}
d.H.",...".".,....".',,'
00
CIVILlZATIADACO-GETILOR
iN
ETAPAADOUAAEPOCrrLATENE
(150i.H-106d.H)........67
VIATASPIRITUALA,,.,
76
RAZBOAIELEDACO-ROMANEDELASFAR~ITULSECOLULUl]dHSlj;-.,(CEPUTULVEAClJUJlURMATOR,l3IBUOGRAFJEGENERALA
 
,
OBIECT~IPERIODIZAREGENERALA
Obiectul
"lntroduceriiinistoriaanticaaRomaniei,parteaI-a"constainprezentarea
directiilor
generaleale
evolutieisocietatii
peteritoriul
Romanieiincepand
de
la
celemaivechimanifestanale
activitatiiomenestipana
lacreareaprovincieirornaneDaciainanul]06d.Hin
functie
demateriaprimade
bazautilizata
pcntru
confectionarea
uneltelor,armelor
~i
a1torproduse,primaparteaistorieiannceaRomanieiafostimpaI1itaindouamarisegmenteepoeapietreisiepocametalelor,fiecaredintreele
avand
maimulte
diviziuni
Epocapietrei
include:
1.
Paleoliticul(circadeacum1.000.000deanipana
la
6.500
LH.)
cU
subdiviziunile
Inferior(circadeacum1.000000
pana
la120.000),
Mijlociu
(circadeacum120.000
pana
pela35.000),Supenor
(de
acum35.000pana
la
18.000
i.
H),
2
Epipaleoliricul
~i
Mezoliticul
(18.000
i.
H.
pana
lamijloculmileniuluiVII-circa6.500
l.
H.),
I
Neoliticul(6500-
2.000/1.800
i.
H.)
cu
subdiviziunile
J
Timpuriu(circa6500..4.800
i
II.),2.
Dezvoltat(4.800-3.5001.
H.),
3.Eneoliticul
(3.500-2.700i
H)
~i
Perioada
de
tranzitie
dela
neolitic
laepoca
bronzului
(2.700-2.000/1.800
i
H.).Mal
nousemanifestatendintadeincludereaperioadeidetreceredelaneoliticinepocabronzului,incataceastadinurrniiarincepepela2.700
i.H.
Ea
IlU
estejustificatadecontinutulperioadcidetreeerepcntru
ca
pieseledecuprusuntmultmaiputinnumeroasedec
at
aeeleadineneolitic(dela
aeneus
inlatina
ammo,cupru
si
Iithos
ingreacii
plOfrli),
intocrnaicumlainceputulepocii
bronzului
(intre2.000
~l
1.800
IU)pieselede
bronz
sunt
rarisime
Epocametaleloi
cuprinde
1Epocabronzului
(200011.800-1
l.~OI1-1)
2_
Penoadadetreceredelaepocabronzuluilapnmaepocaafierului
(sec
XII-IX
i
H),
J
Prl1l1:1epocaa
ficrului
(sec
VllI-Cllea
400/3,,0
i
II
),4/\
doua
epocaa
fierului
(urea
40013
50
i
H··1Li6
d
11.)
dupa
care
unncaza
j
Epocaromans
(106271d
H)
~l~FpOC.l
feudalatnnpune
(~ccIV<\
d
II)
ASLlpr3uuurorsc
VI
reverncu
deralii
pep31CurS

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