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Green Building

Green Building

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Published by ChyNaluri89

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Published by: ChyNaluri89 on May 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/27/2014

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1.0INTRODUCTION
In recent years, Malaysia has been moving towards greener mindset. Nowadays, there is moresense of environmental awareness than before in this country though it is still at a low levelcompared to countries like Denmark, Germany, or Japan. There has been progress over theyears and recently hype is green buildings.Though there are a lot more about power generation and transport which are believed to be themajor emitters of greenhouse gases, the buildings are actually the single largest contributor toglobal warming – they account for 33% of global carbon dioxide emissions, according to theWorld Green Building Council. In Malaysia, commercial and residential buildings use up 48%of the electricity generated – which is why green architecture is so important. In Malaysia,commercial and residential buildings use up 48% of the electricity generated which is whygreen architecture is so important. A low energy house or low energy building is any type of house that from design technologies and the building utilities use less energy, from any sourcecompared the traditional or average building.Inspired by green building rating tools such as UK’s BREEAM, USA’s LEED, Japan’sCASBEE, Australia’s GREENSTAR, and Singapore’s GREEN MARK, to name a few,Malaysia introduced its very own Green Building Index (GBI) in early 2009. GBI was jointlydeveloped by the Malaysian Institutes of Architects (PAM) and the Association of ConsultingEngineer Malaysia (ACEM). Green rating tools by its nature and role is very dependent uponlocation and environment and thus climate. Malaysia’s Green Building Index or GBI will bethe only rating tool for the tropical zones other than Singapore Government’s GREEN MARK.So in other words, Malaysia’s GBI is customized to suit local conditions – our climate, currentstate of development, and existing resources. Buildings are awarded GBI Malaysia ratings – Platinum, Gold, Silver or Certified – depending on six key criteria (generally based on theLEED certification of USA):1.Energy Efficiency2.Indoor Environmental Quality3.Sustainable Site Planning and Management4.Materials and Resources5.Water Efficiency6.Innovation
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The Malaysian government is also very supportive of the development of green buildings in thecountry. In fact, recently it has been decided that all new government buildings mustincorporate the features of GBI. Aside from that, in the recent tabling of Malaysia’s Budget2010, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak announced tax exemption for buildingowners who obtain the GBI certificate. In addition, buyers of buildings with GBI certificateswill also be exempted from stamp duty starting from October 24 2009 until December 31 2014 – a good five years. A RM1.5 billion fund will also be set up to provide assistance tocompanies dealing with green technology. With such political will, Malaysia is set to progressmuch more significantly than ever before in the development of green buildings. It’s about timeanyway.
2.0LOW ENERGY OFFICE BUILDING (LEO BUILDING)
The LEO building is one of the green building in Malaysia is aimed to achieve the lowconsumption of energy. The first LEO building in Malaysia is stated to be at the Putrajayawhere here is located the Head Quarters of the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology andWater. This LEO building is launched officially by Minister of Energy, Water andTelecommunication of Malaysia, Y.B Dato’ Seri Dr. Lim Keng Yaik on 25 June 2005. TheLEO building won first place in the “Energy Efficient Building Best Practices Competition2006” at the ASEAN level under the “New and Existing Building” category. The award was presented at a special ceremony organised on 27 July 2006 in conjunction with the 24thASEAN Energy Ministers meeting in Vientiane, Lao PDR. The Deputy Minister of Energy,Water and Communications received the award on behalf of the Malaysian. This building havefeature like 20,000 m
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gross floor area and would have an energy savings of RM 600,000.
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Figure 2.1: LEO or low energy building that is located at the Putrajaya, Malaysia.
2.1FUNCTION
LEO building is said to be the first Government building in Malaysia to incorporate a widerange of EE (energy efficiency) features and technologies exemplifies the Government‘scommitment and serious efforts in achieving sustainable development through energyefficiency and conservation. This building is constructed and builds with the aim to be ashowcase building for energy efficiency and low environmental impact design. The main targetis to minimize the energy consumption and also include the running cost but without sacrificingoccupants comfort on that buildings. This building can give to a greener way of life and works.Other than that, this building also expected to achieve energy savings of more than 50%compare to the traditional building or common building in Malaysia. Although it is said theconstruction cost will be higher about 10% higher than the ordinary office building, the energysaving is expected of more than RM600, 000 per year, the predicted return on investment isless than 10 years.Furthermore by reducing the energy consumption about 1,700 tones of CO
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emission, it can beavoided annually and indirectly contributing to reduce the global warming effect and protectingthe environment. A typical new office building in Malaysia and ASEAN region will have aEnergy Index of 200-300 kWh/m
2
year but for the LEO building it is targeted to set on 100kWh/m
2
year. This analysis show that the target will decrease in order to use less energy. This
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