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Psycholinguistics

Psycholinguistics

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Published by: SweynTimothea on May 29, 2012
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PSYCHOLINGUISTICSAssignment
Aristya PradhaniDiana ChenVania DeliciaPraisya Jovani
1.
 
What are the differences between dysgraphia and agraphia?Dysgraphia
is a condition marked by a writing disability that causes the individual's writing to becomedistorted or show incorrect letters. Writing letters of the wrong size, or repeated misspellings can be symptomsof dysgraphia. The most common treatments for dysgraphia is motor therapy, although some doctors stressother neurological areas that may be related to this condition. Using a computer can help an individual avoiddealing with dysgraphia in many situations.Agraphia
is the loss of the ability to write, and it is most often brought on by a stroke or other severe braintrauma or disease. Individuals with agraphia are sometimes able to regain the ability to write.Treatment forindividuals with agraphia usually comes in the form of traditional medications and therapy for patients whohave had strokes."Dysgraphia" comes from two Greek words. "Dys" means "difficulty with" or "poor," while "graph"is Greek for "writing," according to the Swindon Dyslexia Centre, a United Kingdom-based organizationdedicated to helping people with dyslexia and other specific learning problems. The name really got its startfrom "agraphia," a term coined in the 1940s by Austrian doctor Josef Gerstmann. H. Joseph Horacek, in hisbook "Brainstorms," describes that the condition Gerstmann named refers to a complete inability to write. Helinked this inability to brain trauma, resulting from an accident or injury. Unlike agraphia, dysgraphiasufferers can write; they just can't do it well. Its sufferers also span the old and the young, according to theNational Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM, which is a collection of mental disorders observed in children and adults, hasn'tyet recognized the term dsygraphia. Horacek says DSM lists a disorder that comes close, though, to thecharacteristics seen in those with dysgraphia, DSM calls it "a disorder of written expression."2.
 
What is the example of lexical dysgraphia?This is more common in languages such as French and English which are not always phoneticallyaccurate, for instances in English is mispelling of irregular words, plural
 – 
s can varies once it is attached to thewords such as watch
es
, son
s
, berr
ies.
They
 
will spell the such words only with
 – 
s, without the changingoccured.3.
 
What is
Fonts 4 Teachers
?From A to Z, Fonts4Teachers is the collection of fonts for teachers and parents to teach writingskills to kids. The complete set includes : 6 Print Writing Fonts, 6 Cursive Writing Fonts, 2 Phonics Fonts, 2American Sign Language Fonts, 3 Math Fonts and 6 Decorative Fonts. The users can create their own customhandwriting lessons (manuscript, D'Nealian-style and cursive) with Fonts4Teachers and professional-lookingactivity sheets for handwriting, math, phonics, reading, social studies, science, and language arts practice alsocan scale to all sizes and use with almost any application includes special tracing, lined, and arrowed fontsplus phonics, math, and decorative fonts for hundreds of classroom applications.4.
 
How can teachers help students with dysgraphia?a.
 
Multisensory Techniques (other communication methods)Multisensory techniques are helpful when teaching a student with dysgraphia to form letters moreaccurately. Students can write letters on a cookie sheet filled with sand, form letters out of clay, use their armsto "draw" letters in the air and use their bodies to make the shapes of the letters. This helps to build students'

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