Good brooding conditions for the best starting of the chicks 2009-10 Page | 1
GOOD BROODING CONDITIONS FOR THE BEST STARTING OF THE CHICKS
The period from one day old to the point of first egg production is a critical time in the life of thelaying hen. It is during this time that the physiological capability of the hen is developed.Success in the rearing period leads to the success in the laying house and it starts from chickarrival. All the standards and programs set forth in this section have been proven to give excellentperformances in production. Any delay in growth at 4-5 weeks will be reflected in a reduction in bodyweight at 16 weeks andthen in performance, particularly in mean egg weight in temperate climates or a delay in start of layin hot climates near the Equator.
Equipment and environmentFloor
Age (wks) 0 – 2 2 – 5 0 – 3 3 – 5Ventilation Minimum per hour / kg 0,7 m
Stocking densities Birds / m
30 20 80 45cm / Bird 125 220Water supply Chicks / Chick drinker 75 80 (1)Birds / drinker 75 75Birds / nipple 10 10 10 (2) 10 (2)Feed supply Birds / Starting pan 50 (3)cm of trough feeders 4 4 2 4Birds / Round feeder 35 35(1): Place one additional drinker per cage for the first week(2): Make sure that all the birds have at least an access to 2 nipples(3): Spread sheets of paper over the cage bottom to last for 7 days, remove one sheet every day
- The removal of the supplementary starter drinkers should be done gradually, making sure thatthe chicks have acquired the habit of using the other drinkers.- It is useful to monitor water consumption. To maintain litter quality, it is necessary to avoidwater spillage, by carefully regulating the drinkers or the nipples.- The drinkers should be cleaned daily for the first 2 weeks. From the third week they should becleaned each week.