Over the years,Australia has made numerousadjustments to its defenseplanning in an attempt topositively position itself in
the uid regional security
environment. The Australian
Defence Force is highly capable,and the alliance with the UnitedStates, established in theAustralia, New Zealand, UnitedStates Security Treaty (ANZUS),
remains strong. Nonetheless a
number of issues still exist.
remedy these problems,ANZUS should considerestablishing a multilateralsecurity arrangement withselect Association of SoutheastAsian Nations (ASEAN) states.Singapore, in particular, wouldbe an ideal and realistic partnerfor both Australia and the United
States. Singapore’s military
capability and dynamic foreignrelations network would proveinvaluable to ANZUS, and atrilateral alliance of this naturewould serve to enhance stability
in the Southeast Asia region,
Oceania, and Indian Ocean.
Young Strategists Forum
Prospects for Establishing a U.S.-Australia-Singapore Security Arrangement: The Australian Perspective
by Ryo Hinata-Yamaguchi
1744 R Street NWWashington, DC 20009 1 202 745 3950F 1 202 265 1662E firstname.lastname@example.org
It has been 60 years since the Australia,New Zealand, United States Secu-rity reaty (ANZUS reaty) cameinto orce.
Since its signing in 1951,Australia and the United Stateshave ought together in the KoreanWar, Vietnam War, the First Gul War, and the wars in Aghanistanand Iraq.
Recently, the alliance hasbeen strengthened urther when inNovember 2011, Prime Minister JuliaGilllard agreed to station a U.S. MarineCorps task orce in Darwin, Australia,
and again in March 2012, whenCanberra and Washington revealedplans to establish a joint airbase on theAustralian-controlled Cocos Islandsin the Indian Ocean. However positivethese recent developments are, utureprogress may be slowed by the issuesAustralia aces, both with its deenseplanning and because o less-than-
The ANZUS Treaty was signed on September 1, 1951,and came into force on April 29, 1952. However, NewZealand’s defense obligations have been suspendedsince 1986.
Immediately after the terrorist attacks in the UnitedStates on September 11, 2001, the then Australian PrimeMinister John Howard invoked the ANZUS treaty for therst time to ght alongside the United States.
The rst batch of 200 infantry Marines arrived in Darwinon April 2, 2012.
ideal relations with its Asian neigh-bors.
Australia’s Strategic Concerns
While it is clear that Australia and theUnited States share a very entrenchedand intimate security relationship,Canberra aces two glaring concernsthat directly impact its commitment tothe alliance with Washington.Te rst dilemma emanates romAustralia’s deense planning. Canber-ra’s plans to adjust and strengthenthe Australian Deence Force’s (ADF)capabilities to conorm to the 2009Deence White Paper and DeenceCapability Plan have been hampered,largely due to scal constraints.
Canberra’s planned acquisitionsoutlined in the 2009 Deence WhitePaper, which includes 100 F-35s,Canberra-class Landing HelicopterDock (LHD) vessels, and 12 newsubmarines, seems too ambitious. Notonly do these acquisitions stretch thealready-tight deense budget, but it
Alan Dupont, “Inection Point: The Australian DefenceForceafter Afghanistan,”
(March 2012). Pp9-10