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Kajian Aspek Keberlanjutan Material Konstruksi Jembatan Selat Sunda

Kajian Aspek Keberlanjutan Material Konstruksi Jembatan Selat Sunda

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Published by Wulfram I. Ervianto

Dipresentasikan dalam Seminar Nasional Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta, 26 Mei 2012

Dipresentasikan dalam Seminar Nasional Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta, 26 Mei 2012

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Wulfram I. Ervianto on May 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/03/2014

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7
LGKJG@ GQVIL LIHIXOG@KYTG@EGTIXJGO LM@QTXYLQJ KIEHGTG@ QIOGT QY@DG
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Lg`djdgt Dmltmx Til`jl Qjvjo/ LL Eg`gkiei` dg` Xilgzgqg Lm`qtxylqj/ Cglyotgq Til`jl Qjvjo dg`Oj`nly`ng`/ J`qtjtyt Til`momnj Hg`dy`n/ iegjo; ixsjg`tmFegjo.ygkz.ga.jd
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Qtgc Vi`ngkgx LL Eg`gkiei` dg` Xilgzgqg Lm`qtxylqj/ Cglyotgq Til`jl Qjvjo dg` Oj`nly`ng`/J`qtjtyt Til`momnj Hg`dy`n/ iegjo;h]qmiegxdjFqj.jth.ga.jd
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Qtgc Vi`ngkgx Vxmnxge Qtydj Gxqjtiltyx/ Qilmogb Gxqjtiltyx/J`qtjtyt Til`momnj Hg`dy`n/ iegjo; tjtyqFgx.jth.ga.jd
GHQTXGL
Lm`qiv viehg`ny`g` hixliog`kytg` ei`aglyv tjng vjogx ytgeg zg`n qgoj`n tixlgjt zgjty viehg`ny`g`ilm`mej/ viehg`ny`g` qmqjgo dg` vioiqtgxjg` oj`nly`ng` bjdyv. Dgoge LTT Hyej djqivglgtj vmogviehg`ny`g` hgxy zg`n djtixgvlg` qiagxg nomhgo zg`n djqihyt di`ng`
 I`sjxm`ei`tgooz Qmy`d g`d Qyqtgj`ghoi Disiomvei`t 
"IQQD*/ dj J`dm`iqjg djli`go di`ng` Viehg`ny`g` Hixliog`kytg` zg`nHix~g~gqg` Oj`nly`ng` "VHHO*. Tykyg``zg tjdgl ogj` gdgogb y`tyl eioiqtgxjlg` goge gngx titgv ogzgl y`tyl tj`nngo hgnj ni`ixgqj ei`dgtg`n. Tyxy`g` dgxj VHHO gdgogb lm`qtxylqj hixliog`kytg` zg`n hixtykyg`eioglylg` vi`nbiegtg` hgbg` dg` vi`nyxg`ng` ojehgb qixtg lieydgbg` vieiojbgxgg` hg`ny`g` vgqaglm`qtxylqj. Hixdgqgxlg` dgtg xy`ty` qtgtjqtjl lm`qtxylqj tgby` 7::6 qgevgj di`ng` 8676 `jogj lm`qtxylqjai`dixy`n ei`ngogej vi`j`nlgtg`/ zg`n hixgxtj hgb~g vieglgjg` qyehixdgzg goge glg` qieglj` tj`nnj dg` kyeogb ojehgb lm`qtxylqj zg`n djhyg`n li oj`nly`ng` qieglj` hiqgx. Kjlg viehg`ny`g` tjdgl djliomogdi`ng` hgjl eglg glg` hixgljhgt tixkgdj`zg hi`ag`g oj`nly`ng` dj egqg ei`dgtg`n. Tykyg` dgxj lgkjg` j`jgdgogb y`tyl ei`nlgkj agxg%agxg viehg`ny`g` zg`n xgegb oj`nly`ng`/ oihjb djcmlyqlg` vgdg gqvil egtixjgo lm`qtxylqj zg`n hixliog`kytg`. Lgkjg` djoglylg` vgdg xi`ag`g viehg`ny`g` kiehgtg` Qiogt Qy`dg.Bgqjo dgxj lgkjg` djvixmoib hgb~g iejqj zg`n djtjehyolg` moib egtixjgo lm`qtxylqj qihiqgx 7.:>8.371 tm` AM
8
 iljsgoi`. Qiogj` jty vixoy vixbgtjg` vgdg qggt yeyx liogzglg` hixglbjx eglg glg` ei`jehyolg` ojehgb dgoge kyeogb qg`ngt hiqgx qibj`nng vixoy
~gqti eg`gniei`t vog`.
 
Lgtg ly`aj;
Lihixog`kytg`< Egtixjgo< Kiehgtg` Qiogt Qy`dg.
VI@DGBYOYG@
Viehg`ny`g` zg`n hixtykyg` y`tyl ei`j`nlgtlg` liqikgbtixgg` egqzgxglgt tjdgl tixbj`dgxlg` dgxj vieg`cggtg` qyehixdgzg goge/ `gey` ilqvomjtgqj zg`n tjdgl eievixbgtjlg` liegevyg` dg` dgzg dyly`n oj`nly`ng` dgvgt hixgljhgt vgdg eixmqmt`zglygojtgq oj`nly`ng`. Cgltg ei`y`kyllg` hgb~g dgxj tgby` li tgby` lygojtgq oj`nly`ng`ai`dixy`n ei`ngogej vi`yxy`g` zg`n djtg`dgj moib hixhgngj ci`mei`g goge/ qgogbqgty`zg gdgogb ei`j`nlgt`zg qyby Hyej. Bgo j`j ei`kgdj livxjbgtj`g` hixqgeg dj hixhgngj`ingxg ei`nj`ngt dgevgl zg`n glg` djtjehyolg``zg. Tj`dglg` `zgtg zg`n djoglylg` moibhg`zgl `ingxg gdgogb djgdglg``zg Lm`cixi`qj Tj`nlgt Tj`nnj "LTT* Hyej vgdg tgby`7::8. Dgoge LTT tixqihyt djngngq y`tyl ei`nyhgb vgxgdjneg viehg`ny`g` di`ng`eievixli`golg` lm`qiv viehg`ny`g` hixliog`kytg`.
 
8
Lm`qiv viehg`ny`g` hixliog`kytg` ei`aglyv tjng vjogx ytgeg zg`n qgoj`n tixlgjt dg`qgoj`n ei`y`kg`n zgl`j viehg`ny`g` ilm`mej/ viehg`ny`g` qmqjgo dg` vioiqtgxjg`oj`nly`ng` bjdyv "LTT Hyej/ 7::8*. Dgoge vixtieyg` tixqihyt djqivglgtj vmogviehg`ny`g` hgxy zg`n djtixgvlg` qiagxg nomhgo zg`n djqihyt di`ng`
 I`sjxm`ei`tgoozQmy`d g`d Qyqtgj`ghoi Disiomvei`t 
"IQQD*/ dj J`dm`iqjg djli`go di`ng` Viehg`ny`g`Hixliog`kytg` zg`n Hix~g~gqg` Oj`nly`ng` "VHHO* zg`n djdicj`jqjlg` qihgngjviehg`ny`g` y`tyl eiei`ybj lihytybg` qggt j`j tg`vg ei`nyxg`nj liegevyg` ni`ixgqjei`dgtg`n y`tyl eiei`ybj lihytybg``zg. Qgogb qgty tyxy`g` dgxj VHHO gdgogb dmlyei`lm`qtxylqj J`dm`iqjg 8616.Dgoge dmlyei` Lm`qtxylqj J`dm`iqjg 8616/ dj`zgtglg` hgb~g lm`qtxylqj J`dm`iqjg eiqtjhixmxji`tgqj y`tyl tjdgl ei`zyehg`nlg` tixbgdgv lixyqglg` oj`nly`ng` `gey` kyqtxyei`kgdj viomvmx vixhgjlg` dg` vi`j`nlgtg` lygojtgq oj`nly`ng`. Qgogb qgty gni`dg zg`ndjyqyolg` gdgogb eioglylg` vxmemqj
qyqtgj`ghoi am`qtxyatjm`
y`tyl vi`nbiegtg` hgbg`dg` vi`nyxg`ng` ojehgb "hgbg` qjqg* qixtg lieydgbg` vieiojbgxgg` hg`ny`g` vgqaglm`qtxylqj "OVKL@/ 866>*.
Amy`ajo J`tix`gtjm`go dy Hgtyei`t 
/ "7::4* ei`zgtglg` hgb~gtykyg`
qyqtgj`ghoi am`qtxyatjm`
gdgogb ei`ajvtglg` hg`ny`g` hixdgqgxlg` djqgj` zg`neievixbgtjlg` ilmomnj/ ei`nny`glg` qyehixdgzg goge qiagxg icjqji`/ dg` xgegboj`nly`ng` qiogeg mvixgqjm`go hg`ny`g`. Dy Voiqqjq "8668* ei`zgtglg` hgb~g hgnjg` dgxj
qyqtgj`ghoi am`qtxyatjm`
gdgogb
nxii` am`qtxyatjm`
zg`n eixyvglg` vxmqiq bmojqtjl zg`nhixtykyg` y`tyl ei`niehgojlg` dg` ei`kgng liqijehg`ng` g`tgxg oj`nly`ng` gogej dg`hygtg`. YQIVG "8676* ei`dicj`jqjlg`
nxii` am`qtxyatjm`
eixyvglg` vxgltjl eiehg`ny`di`ng` ei`ixgvlg` vxmqiq zg`n eievixbgtjlg` oj`nly`ng` dg` icjqji`qj qyehix dgzgqivg`kg`n qjloyq bjdyv hg`ny`g` dgxj tgvgl y`tyl vixi`ag`gg`/ lm`qtxylqj/ mvixgqj/vieiojbgxgg`/ xi`msgqj/ dg` dilm`qtxylqj.
TYKYG@ LGKJG@
Hixdgqgxlg` dgtg xy`ty` Qtgtjqtjl Lm`qtxylqj tgby` 7::6%8676/ `jogj lm`qtxylqj ai`dixy`nei`ngogej vi`j`nlgtg`/ liaygoj vgdg tgby` 7::9 qgevgj di`ng` 7::: "ngehgx 7*.
"bttv;--ddq.hvq.nm.jd-djy`dyb 74 Eij 8678*
Ngehgx 7. @jogj lm`qtxylqj zg`n djqioiqgjlg`
 
1
Bgo j`j hixgxtj hgb~g; "g* di`ng` hixtgehgb`zg kyeogb j`cxgqtxyltyx eglg agdg`ng`qyehixdgzg goge glg` hixlyxg`n dg` kyeogb ojehgb qihgngj bgqjo vxmqiq lm`qtxylqjei`j`nlgt< "h* ei`j`nlgt`zg kyeogb ojehgb eglg hihg` oj`nly`ng` glg` qieglj` hiqgx.Moib lgxi`g jty vixoy djoglylg` lgkjg` zg`n oihjb lmevxibi`qjc y`tyl ei`ieylg` agxg%agxg viehg`ny`g` zg`n xgegb oj`nly`ng`. Qiog`kyt`zg lgkjg` djcmlyqlg` vgdg gqvil egtixjgo lm`qtxylqj zg`n hixliog`kytg` dg` vi`ngxyb`zg tixbgdgv oj`nly`ng` hixyvg iejqj.
LM@QTXYLQJ HIXLIOG@KYTG@
Lm`qtxylqj hixliog`kytg` dgvgt djagvgj eiogoyj bgo%bgo qihgngj hixjlyt; eioglylg`vixyhgbg` vixi`ag`gg`/ vixi`ag`gg` di`ng` eiej`jegolg` ojehgb/ ei`ixgvlg`
oig`am`qtxyatjm`
/ eiej`jegolg` vi`nny`gg` i`ixnj dgoge vxmqiq lm`qtxylqj/ tjdgl ei`jehyolg` vmoyqj/ eioj`dy`nj dg` ei`j`nlgtlg` lig`ilgxgngeg` bgzgtj/ lm`qixsgqjqyehixdgzg gjx/ ei`nbgxngj eg`yqjg dg` oj`nly`ng` omlgo "Amxyq/ 8663*.
 
Egtixjgo Lm`qtxylqj Hixliog`kytg`
Gqvil vi`tj`n dgoge lm`qiv lihixog`kytg` gdgogb ei`kgng ilqjqti`qj egtixjgo gngx titgvtixqidjg dj Hyej vgdg egqg ei`dgtg`n. Qihgnjg` hiqgx egtixjgo lm`qtxylqj hixqyehix dgxjgoge/ kjlg vieg`cggtg``zg tjdgl djoglylg` qiagxg hixtg`nny`n kg~gh eglg liey`nlj`g`hiqgx glg` bghjq dgoge ~glty qj`nlgt. Vgdg qggt j`j/ vixliehg`ng` til`momnj egtixjgolm`qtxylqj hixliehg`n qg`ngt aivgt. Vixyhgbg` zg`n qjn`jcjlg` gdgogb ei`ixgvlg` lm`qiv
xiyqi
tixbgdgv lmevm`i`-egtixjgo hg`ny`g` dg`
xiazaoi
tixbgdgv ojehgb lm`qtxylqj dg`hm`nlgxg` hg`ny`g` "Gyni`hxmi dg` Vigxai/ 7::2*. Qjloyq bjdyv egtixjgo hg`ny`g`hg`ny`g` eyogj dgxj vi`ngehjog` dgxj Hyej qgevgj djhyg`n liehgoj li Hyej "ngehgx 8*.Hihixgvg bgo vi`tj`n dgoge vieglgjg` egtixjgo hg`ny`g` y`tyl ei`kgng lihixog`kytg``zggdgogb; litixqidjgg` egtixjgo dj goge/ vmoyqj zg`n djtjehyolg` moib vxmqiq vxmdylqj/vi`nny`gg` egtixjgo dgyx yog`n/ lm`qyeqj i`ixnj qiogeg vxmqiq txg`qvmxtgqj/ vmti`qjvi`nyxg`ng` ojehgb/ vi`nny`gg` egtixjgo gogej.
Qyehix; Hglbmye dg` Hxm~`/ 8678
 
Ngehgx 8. Qjloyq bjdyv egtixjgo lm`qtxylqj

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