Gondwana Research, V. 7, No. 2, pp. 527-537.© 2004 International Association for Gondwana Research, Japan. ISSN: 1342-937X
Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Signatures in Albian-DanianLimestones of Cauvery Basin, Southeastern India
, I. Kolosov
, D. Buhlak
, J.S. Armstrong-Altrin
, S. Ramasamy
and S.P. Mohan
Department of Geology, School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025,India.
Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Kuprevich Street 7, 220141 Minsk, Republic of Belarus
Centro de Investigación en Energía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Priv.Xochicalco s/n, Col.Centro, Apartado Postal 34, Temixco, Morelos 62580, México(Manuscript received October 25, 2002; accepted September 17, 2003)
The Albian-Danian limestones of Cauvery Basin show a wide range of d
C and d
values (13.2 to +1.1 and 9.0 to 2.5, respectively). The cement samples show negative carbon and oxygen isotope values (-18.9 to -3.9 and-9.0 to -4.3, respectively). The petrographic study reveals the presence of algae, molluscs, bryozoans, foraminifersand ostracods as major framework constituents. The limestones have microspar and equant sparry calcite cements. Thepore spaces and vugs are filled with sparry calcite cement. The bivariate plot of
O suggests that most of thesamples fall in the freshwater limestone and meteoric field, while few samples fall in the marine limestone and soilcalcite fields. The presence of sparry calcite cement, together with negative carbon and oxygen isotope values, indicatesthat these limestones have undergone meteoric diagenesis.
C- and O-
isotopes, limestone, diagenesis, Cauvery Basin, Southeastern India.
The carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of theskeletal carbonate sediments reflect the physico-chemicalproperties of the waters in which the organisms grow(Keith et al., 1964; Morrison and Brand, 1986) and alsoprovide information regarding the diagenetic processesand environments, which initiate the conversion of skeletalcarbonates into limestones (Jenkyns et al., 1994). It hasbeen proved by many studies, that the carbon and oxygenisotopic composition of carbonate rocks provide usefulinformation regarding physico-chemical conditions of precipitation, paleoclimate, paleo-oceanographicconditions, paleoecology and diagenetic conditions (Jamesand Choquette, 1984; Wright, 1990). Because, the Carbonisotopic composition in carbonate minerals are mainly identified by the
C values of bi-carbonate/carbonateions in the water, whereas the
O values are largely influenced by the isotopic composition of water andtemperature of precipitation.Further more, carbon isotopic studies constitute animportant tool to reconstruct the paleoenvironmentalconditions. The carbonate rocks deposited in marineenvironments tend to record the carbon isotopiccomposition of the ocean water (Scholle and Arthur,1980). Similarly, the oxygen isotope studies fromforaminifers and the paleobotanical record provide strongevidence that the Cretaceous period was substantially warmer than today (Crowley and North, 1991; Spicer andCorfield, 1992). Paleoclimatic conditions for a given regioncan be determined by studying temporal changes of meteoric diagenesis within a single lithology, particularly limestone, and the geochemical signature of the associateddiagenetic products (James and Choquette, 1984). Stableisotope data from shallow-burial meteoric calcite cement will be more useful to distinguish sequence-specificmeteoric calcite line (invariant
O and variable
C values; Lohmann, 1988). The calcite cements, which areuseful for determining a meteoric calcite line, are mainly precipitated in isotopic equilibrium with local meteoric waters and these data can be used to estimate the oxygenisotopic composition of local meteoric waters duringdiagenesis (Smith and Dorobek, 1993). It appears thatthe carbon and oxygen isotope composition of carbonaterocks is useful for recognizing the diagenetic and sea level