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Table Of Contents

Chapter 1
Text Overview
Pilotage, Dead Reckoning and Radio Navigation
Sample Questions 1
Pressure and Density Altitude
The International Standard Atmosphere
Pressure Altitude
Density Altitude
Cold Temperature Corrections
Performance Charts
Interpolation and Accurate Drawing Skill
Electronic Charts for the C-172P
Electronic Charts for the Travelair
Performance Rules of Thumb
Weight and Balance Shift
Chapter 2
Mass – Distance – Time, The Fundamental Concepts of Physics
Definition of Velocity, and two useful deductions from the definition
Velocity Expressed as Airspeed
5. True airspeed (TAS)
True Airspeed (TAS)
Equivalent Airspeed (EAS)
Indicated and Calibrated Airspeed (IAS and CAS)
Heading (True, and Magnetic)
Compass Deviation
Wind and Drift
Wind Triangle: GS = TAS + Wind
Definitions: Crosswind and Headwind
Drift Angle Defined
Groundspeed Defined
Calculation of Crosswind and Tailwind
Determining XW, TW, da, and GS with a CR
Sample Problems:
Drift Estimation
Estimate XW and TW
Magic Number
Estimation of Drift Based on Crosswind and Magic Number
Two-bit Math
Drift Estimation Challenge
Drift Estimation Summary
Chapter 3
Introduction to Radio Navigation
VOR, ILS, and DME Channel Pairing
VOR Reception Range
VOR, ADF, DME – Final Thoughts
GPS Navigation
Establishing the Brackets
“Beating” the Computerized Flying Instructor
Break-out Logic
Bracketing Summary
Flying a DME ARC
DME Groundspeed During an ARC
Intercepting a Course (PDT)
Outbound PDTs
Random PDT practice
Tracking and Intercepting Summary
Chapter 4
IFR Charts
LO Charts
HI Charts
Overview of IFR System
Separation of IFR Aircraft
Preferred IFR Routes
IFR Alternate Airport
Chapter 5
The CR Computer
A Ratio Machine
Unit Conversions
Celsius to Fahrenheit Temperature Conversion
Mach Number
Speed Ratios – I.E. Groundspeed Checks
Miles per Minute
Time to a Station – ARC Speed
Two IMPORTANT two-step CR Ratio Problems
Standard Decent Gradient is 3°
TAS and CAS Conversions
Derive CAS given TAS and Forecast Temperature
Procedure for “Slow and Low” Airplanes
Procedure for “Fast and High” Airplanes
Comparing Procedure for slow and fast Airplanes
Sample Questions 5
Chapter 6
The Canada Flight Supplement
Weather and NOTAMS
Chapter 7
Navigation Theory
Shape of the Earth
Small Circles
Map Theory
Lambert Conformal Conic Projection
Transverse Mercator projection
True and Magnetic North (Variation)
Contour Lines and Hypsometric Tints
Map Legend
Map Scale
Grid Navigation
Plotting Lines of Position (LOP)
Chapter 8
Flight Planning
Definition of a Leg
Fly-by and Fly-over Waypoints
Introduction to Nav-logs
Navlog Leg Groups
Ramp Fuel and Fuel Remaining
Choosing a Set Heading Point (SHP)
Filling in the Navlog
First Enroute leg (to TOC)
Cruise Legs – Between Enroute Checkpoints
Approach at Destination
Checkpoints leading to Alternate Airport
Approach at Alternate Airport
Tips for the Electronic Nav-Log
VFR Map Preparation Techniques
Drawing a Line Across a 2-Sided Chart
Measuring Track and Distance
Filling in a Flight Plan Form
Chapter 9
Mountain Cross Country
DR vs. Pilotage in Mountain Flying
Good-weather Mountain Cross-country
Set Heading Point(s) in the Mountains
Descent Point in the Mountains
Poor Weather Mountain Cross-country (Valley Crawl)
In-flight Valley Navigation Procedures
Chapter 10
Time Saving Flight Planning Techniques
Block Flight Planning
Climb Penalty Planning
Chapter 11
Enroute Navigation Skills
Map Reading
Time Awareness
Reorienting if Lost
Navlog keeping
Position Reports and Amending Flight Plan
Hybrid Navigation Procedure – Landfall
Chapter 12
Oceanic Flight
Point of No Return (PNR)
Critical Point (CP)
Appendix 1– C-172 Interpolation Tables
Appendix 2 - Inbound PDT Practice Sheet
Appendix 3 - Outbound PDT Practice Sheet
Appendix 4 – Definitions
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Published by: kyoobum on May 30, 2012
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