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Yarn Over 101

Yarn Over 101

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Published by Bea Ann
Information about yarn overs in knitting
Information about yarn overs in knitting

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Bea Ann on May 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/27/2014

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 YARN OVER 101
What is a Yarn Over? Basically, it is a hole (or eyelet) in your knitting that ismade on purpose. Simply put, all you are doing is wrapping the yarn over theright needle to create a hole. This increases the stitch count, and you willalmost always be performing a decrease to get rid of that extra stitch. I sayalmost always, because there can be any number of reasons that you do notwant to decrease – think of a triangle shawl that is worked from the bottom upand uses yarn overs as the increase. You need the stitch count to increase sothat the shawl gets wider at the top, therefore there are no decreasesperformed in conjunction with the YO.You may see other terms for making these holes, depending on whether yournext stitch is a knit or purl. Usually, the different terms are used in British orEuropean knitting patterns; American patterns typically just use YO. It can allbe pretty confusing, even for seasoned knitters.
YFWD
: Yarn Forward - This is a YO done between two knit stitches. Bring theyarn forward between the two needles, over the top of the right needle, andback into position to knit the next stitch. Be careful on this one – it may notmean you are supposed to make a hole by bringing the yarn forward. You maybe bringing the yarn forward to slip the next stitch, creating a running strandacross the work. If your pattern does not specify, look at the picture of thefinished item. Are there eyelets on the fabric? If so, then you will be making ayarn over. Another clue indicating a hole is to be made is a correspondingdecrease.
YRN:
Yarn Round Needle - This is a YO done between two purl stitches. Youshould already have the yarn in front of the work; bring the yarn over the topof the needle and around to the front again into position to purl the nextstitch.
YON:
Yarn Over Needle - This is a YO done after a purl and before a knit.You're starting with the yarn in front, and need it in back, so bring it over theneedle into position to knit the next stitch.
 
YFRN:
Yarn Forward Round Needle - This is a YO done after a knit and before apurl. Your yarn is in the back, so bring it forward to the front, then over theneedle and around to the front again so it is in position to purl the next stitch.You can also make your yarn over another way. If you are knitting, and plan topurl the next stitch, simply leave the yarn in the back of the work in knitposition, place your needle into the next stitch ready to purl, and then bringthe yarn forward and purl.If you are purling, and plan to knit the next stitch, leave the yarn in the frontof the work in purl position, place your needle into the next stitch ready toknit, and then bring the yarn to the back and knit.So what if you are happily knitting along, and discover that you forgot to makea yarn over on the row below? All you have to do is insert the tip of your rightneedle into the running strand between the stitch just worked and the nextstitch on the left needle, and scoop up the yarn. You now have your yarn over.It will be a little smaller than a regular yarn over.You may also run into a situation where you have made a yarn over by accidenton the previous row. This is a very easy mistake to fix. When you get to theaccidental yarn over, all you have to do is simply drop it, and keep on knitting.Don’t work it, just drop it from the left needle as if it had never been there.Since a yarn over is independent and not attached to another stitch, droppingit will not cause your work to unravel or otherwise interfere with your fabric.And finally, multiple yarn overs. This creates a larger than normal yarn over.You may not see these often, and when you do it will probably be in older or‘vintage’ knitting stitches. The pattern will indicate how many times you areto yarn over, and how the wraps are to be worked on the following row. Forinstance, if you have a pattern calling for YO (2x) or YO – twice or some similarwording, all you need to do is make a yarn over as normal, and then makeanother yarn over. On the following row, you may be directed to work only thefirst of those wraps, or work all of them. Again, the pattern will tell you.Maybe the first will be knit and the second will be a purl, or purl the first andknit the second. Seems tricky, but really it isn’t very hard at all.It is often hard to see in your mind what the written word is trying to convey.Therefore, I have a video on making yarn overs. You can find the video on theblog – sapphiresnpurls.com under the Yarn Over 101 post on May 30, 2012, oron my YouTube Channel. You can find the link to my videos on the Sapphires-n-Purls Blog.

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